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The multipulse Thomson scattering diagnostic on the DIII-D tokamak (open access)

The multipulse Thomson scattering diagnostic on the DIII-D tokamak

This paper describes the design and operation of a 40-spatial channel Thomson scattering system that uses multiple 20 Hz Nd:YAG lasers to measure the electron temperature and density profiles periodically throughout an entire plasma discharge. Interference filter polychromators disperse the scattered light which is detected by silicon avalanche photodiodes. The measurable temperature range from 10 eV to 20 keV and the minimum detectable density is about 2 {times} 10{sup 18} m{sup {minus}3}. Laser control and data acquisition are performed in real-time by a VME-based microcomputer. Data analysis is performed by a MicroVAX 3400. Unique features of this system include burst mode'' operation, where multiple lasers are fired in rapid succession (< 10 KHz), real-time analysis capability, and laser beam quality and alignment monitoring during plasma operation. Results of component testing, calibration, and plasma operation are presented. 8 refs. 6 figs.
Date: September 1, 1991
Creator: Carlstrom, T. N.; Campbell, G. L.; DeBoo, J. C.; Evanko, R. G.; Evans, J.; Greenfield, C. M. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Numerical simulation of a short RFQ resonator using the MAFIA codes (open access)

Numerical simulation of a short RFQ resonator using the MAFIA codes

The electrical characteristics of a short (2{beta}{lambda}=0.4 m) resonator with large modulation (m=4) have been studied using the three dimensional codes, MAFIA. The complete resonator, including the modulated electrodes and a complex support structure, has been simulated using {approximately} 350,000 mesh points. Important characteristics studied include the resonant frequency, electric and magnetic fields distributions, quality factor and stored energy. The results of the numerical simulations are compared with the measurements of an actual resonator and analytical approximations. 7 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Wang, H.; Ben-Zvi, Ilan; Jain, A.; Paul, P. (State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics) & Lombardi, A. (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Legnaro (Italy). Lab. Nazionale di Legnaro)
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Amplification of a bi-phase shift-key modulated signal by a mm-wave FEL (open access)

Amplification of a bi-phase shift-key modulated signal by a mm-wave FEL

Bi-phase shift keying (BPSK) is a modulation scheme used in communications and radar in which the phase of a transmitted rf signal is switched in a coded pattern between discrete values differing by {pi} radians. The transmitted information rate (in communications) or resolution (in imaging radar) depends on the rate at which the transmitted signal can be modulated. Modulation rates of greater than 1 GHz are generally desired. Although the instantaneous gain bandwidth of a mm-wave FEL amplifier can be much greater than 10 GHz, slippage may limit the BPSK modulation rate that can be amplified. Qualitative slippage arguments would limit the modulation rate to relatively low values; nevertheless, simulations with a time-dependent FEL code (GINGER) indicate that rates of 2 GHz or more are amplified without much loss in modulation integrity. In this paper we describe the effects of slippage in the simulations and discuss the limits of simple arguments.
Date: October 1, 1991
Creator: Prosnitz, D.; Scharlemann, E.T. & Sheaffer, M.K.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
A comparison of predicted and observed turbulent wind fields present in natural and internal wind park environments (open access)

A comparison of predicted and observed turbulent wind fields present in natural and internal wind park environments

This paper assesses the accuracy of simulated wind fields for both the natural flow and that within a wind park environment. The simulated fields are compared with the observed ones in both the time and frequency domains. Actual measurements of the wind fields and the derived kinematic scaling parameters upwind and downwind of a large San Gorgonio Pass wind park are used. The deviations in the modeled wind field from the observed are discussed. 10 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.
Date: October 1, 1991
Creator: Kelly, N D & Wright, A D
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Experience base for Radioactive Waste Thermal Processing Systems: A preliminary survey (open access)

Experience base for Radioactive Waste Thermal Processing Systems: A preliminary survey

In the process of considering thermal technologies for potential treatment of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory mixed transuranic contaminated wastes, a preliminary survey of the experience base available from Radioactive Waste Thermal Processing Systems is reported. A list of known commercial radioactive waste facilities in the United States and some international thermal treatment facilities are provided. Survey focus is upon the US Department of Energy thermal treatment facilities. A brief facility description and a preliminary summary of facility status, and problems experienced is provided for a selected subset of the DOE facilities.
Date: April 1, 1992
Creator: Mayberry, J.; Geimer, R.; Gillins, R.; Steverson, E.M.; Dalton, D. (Science Applications International Corp., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)) & Anderson, G.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States))
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
INEX simulations of the optical performance of the AFEL (open access)

INEX simulations of the optical performance of the AFEL

The AFEL (Advanced Free-Electron Laser) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory is presently under construction. The project's goal is to produce a very high-brightness electron beam which will be generated by a photocathode injector and a 20 MeV rf-linac. Initial laser experiments will be performed with a 1-cm-period permanent magnet wiggler which will generate intense optical radiation near a wavelength of 3.7 {mu}m. Future experiments will operate with slotted-tube'' electromagnetic wigglers (formerly called pulsed- wire'' wigglers). Experiments at both fundamental and higher-harmonic wavelengths are planned. This paper presents results of INEX (Integrated Numerical EXperiment) simulations of the optical performance of the AFEL. These simulations use the electron micropulse produced by the accelerator/beam transport code PARMELA in the 3-D FEL simulation code FELEX. 9 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Goldstein, J.C.; Wang, T.S.F. & Sheffield, R.L.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
DWPF waste glass Product Composition Control System (open access)

DWPF waste glass Product Composition Control System

The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) will be used to blend aqueous radwaste (PHA) with solid radwaste (Sludge) in a waste receipt vessel (the SRAT). The resulting SRAT material is transferred to the SME an there blended with ground glass (Frit) to produce a batch of melter feed slurry. The SME material is passed to a hold tank (the MFT) which is used to continuously feed the DWPF melter. The melter. The melter produces a molten glass wasteform which is poured into stainless steel canisters for cooling and, ultimately, shipment to and storage in a geologic repository. The Product Composition Control System (PCCS) is the system intended to ensure that the melt will be processible and that the glass wasteform will be acceptable. This document provides a description of this system.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Brown, K.G. & Postles, R.L.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
The development of precipitated iron catalysts with improved stability (open access)

The development of precipitated iron catalysts with improved stability

The objective of this program is to identify the chemical principles governing the deactivation of precipitated iron catalysts during Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and to use these chemical principles in the design of catalysts suitable for slurry reactors. The performance targets are 88% CO+H{sub 2} conversion with less than 1% deactivation/day for 1 month and a methane and ethane selectivity of no more than 7% (based on hydrocarbons and oxygenates only) at a space velocity of at least 2 normal liters per hr per gram iron (NL/hr/gFe) using a synthesis gas with 0.5-1.0 H{sub 2}:CO ratio in a slurry reactor.
Date: May 6, 1992
Creator: Abrevaya, H.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Decommissioning of a grout- and waste-filled storage tank in the 200 East Area of the Hanford Site (open access)

Decommissioning of a grout- and waste-filled storage tank in the 200 East Area of the Hanford Site

A self-concentrating waste tank located at the Strontium Semiworks Facility in the 200 East Area of the Hanford Site will be decommissioned following waste removal. During a previous decommissioning phase, the tank, thought to be empty, was filled with grout to prevent it from collapsing over time. Several years later, an agitator rod was pulled from within the tank and found to contain significant amounts of radiation, indicating there was still radioactive waste in the tank. Several alternative waste-removal options have been researched and evaluated. It is concluded that before the waste is to be disposed, the grout must be removed. This paper addresses that effort.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Marske, S.G.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Reviews of ASME Section 11 pump and valve relief requests: Post Generic Letter 89-04 (open access)

Reviews of ASME Section 11 pump and valve relief requests: Post Generic Letter 89-04

This paper presents a discussion of ASME Section 11 Pump and Valve Inservice Testing relief request reviews by the NRC and their contractors. Topics that will be discussed include the scope of USNRC reviews in Technical Evaluation Reports (TERs) (and Safety Evaluation, SEs); including the basis for granting relief requests, the status of relief requests in IST Program updates, and the Generic Letter 89-04 approval process; and the level of technical detail required in submitted programs. This presentation is based on the experiences of Brookhaven National Laboratory in reviewing IST Programs for the Mechanical Engineering Branch of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: DiBiasio, A.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Prospects of physics at CDF with the SVX (open access)

Prospects of physics at CDF with the SVX

During next physics run CDF will strongly enhance its heavy flavor tagging capabilities with the installation of a silicon vertex detector (SVX), that will allow precise measurements of secondary decay vertices in the plane transverse to the beam (impact parameter resolution {approx equal} 12 {mu}m). We expect this detector to have a significant impact on b-physics (c{tau}{sub B} {approx equal} 350 {mu}m) and top search. In the following we will discuss CDF prospects for top search and for CP violation asymmetry measurements in the B-sector. 16 refs., 5 figs., 1 tabs.
Date: September 1, 1991
Creator: Dell'Agnello, S.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Design and performance of liquid hydrogen target systems for the Fermilab Fixed Target Program (open access)

Design and performance of liquid hydrogen target systems for the Fermilab Fixed Target Program

The Fermilab 1990--1991 Fixed Target Program featured six experiments utilizing liquid hydrogen or liquid deuterium targets as part of their apparatus. Each design was optimized to the criteria of the experiment, resulting in variations of material selection, methods of refrigeration and secondary containment. Collectively, the targets were run for a total of 14,184 hours with an average operational efficiency of 97.6%. The safe and reliable operation of these targets was complemented by an increased degree of documentation and component testing. This operation was also aided by several key upgrades. All the systems were designed and fabricated under a set of written guidelines that blend analytical calculations and empirical guidance drawn from over twenty years of target fabrication experience. 3 refs., 4 tabs.
Date: July 1, 1991
Creator: Allspah, D.; Danes, J.; Peifer, J. & Stanek, R.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Brookhaven highlights for fiscal year 1991, October 1, 1990--September 30, 1991 (open access)

Brookhaven highlights for fiscal year 1991, October 1, 1990--September 30, 1991

This report highlights Brookhaven National Laboratory's activities for fiscal year 1991. Topics from the four research divisions: Computing and Communications, Instrumentation, Reactors, and Safety and Environmental Protection are presented. The research programs at Brookhaven are diverse, as is reflected by the nine different scientific departments: Accelerator Development, Alternating Gradient Synchrotron, Applied Science, Biology, Chemistry, Medical, National Synchrotron Light Source, Nuclear Energy, and Physics. Administrative and managerial information about Brookhaven are also disclosed. (GHH)
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Rowe, M.S.; Cohen, A.; Greenberg, D.; Seubert, L. & Kuper, J.B.H.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Experimental and theoretical investigations of marine stratocumulus cloud sensitivity to climate parameters using ship-trail clouds (open access)

Experimental and theoretical investigations of marine stratocumulus cloud sensitivity to climate parameters using ship-trail clouds

The formation and radiative properties of clouds are poorly parameterized in numerical climate models, especially marine boundary layer clouds. Twomey (1991), after describing the importance of cloud microphysics to the climate problem, states Clearly, many more field measurements and laboratory experiments are called for, rather than endless repetitions of computer simulations that are closely related to each other and parameterize in very similar ways.'' The effort described here is a field experimental effort supported by the Department of Energy under its Quantitative Links'' program. The project is called Ship-Trail Evolution Above High Updraft Naval Targets (SEAHUNT). The purpose of this study is to improve our understanding of the meteorological context in which ship trails and other perturbations to marine boundary layer clouds occur. 8 refs., 6 figs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Porch, W.; Buchwald, M.; Glatzmaier, T.; Kao, C.-Y.; Unruh, W. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Hudson, J. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
The limited streamer tubes system for the SLD warm iron calorimeter (open access)

The limited streamer tubes system for the SLD warm iron calorimeter

The SLD detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center is a general purpose device for studying e{sup +}{epsilon}{sup {minus}} interaction at the Z{sup 0}. The SLD calorimeter system consists of two parts: a lead Liquid Argon Calorimeter (LAC) with both electromagnetic (22 radiation lengths) and hadronic sections (2.8 absorption lengths) housed inside the coil, and the Warm Ion limited streamer tubes Calorimeter (WIC) outside the coil which uses as radiator the iron of the flux return for the magnetic field. The WIC completes the measurement of the hadronic shower energy ({approximately}85% on average is contained in the LAC) and it provides identification and tracking for muons over 99% of the solid angle. In this note we report on the construction, test and commissioning of such a large system.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Benvenuti, A. C.; Camanzi, B.; Piemontese, L.; Zucchelli, P.; Calcaterra, A.; De Sangro, R. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
A unified theory of resonant excitation of kinetic ballooning modes by energetic ions/alpha particles in tokamaks (open access)

A unified theory of resonant excitation of kinetic ballooning modes by energetic ions/alpha particles in tokamaks

A complete theory of wave-particle interactions is presented whereby both circulating and trapped energetic ions can destabilize kinetic ballooning modes in tokamaks. Four qualitatively different types of resonances, involving wave-precessional drift, wave-transit, wave-bounce, and precessional drift-bounce interactions, are identified, and the destabilization potential of each is assessed. For a characteristic slowing-down distribution function, the dominant interaction is that which taps those resonant ions with the highest energy. Implications of the theory for present and future generation fusion experiments are discussed. 16 refs.
Date: October 1, 1991
Creator: Biglari, H. & Chen, L.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Non-linear instability of DIII-D to error fields (open access)

Non-linear instability of DIII-D to error fields

Otherwise stable DIII-D discharges can become nonlinearly unstable to locked modes and disrupt when subjected to resonant m = 2, n = 1 error field caused by irregular poloidal field coils, i.e. intrinsic field errors. Instability is observed in DIII-D when the magnitude of the radial component of the m = 2, n = 1 error field with respect to the toroidal field is B{sub r21}/B{sub T} of about 1.7 {times} 10{sup {minus}4}. The locked modes triggered by an external error field are aligned with the static error field and the plasma fluid rotation ceases as a result of the growth of the mode. The triggered locked modes are the precursors of the subsequent plasma disruption. The use of an n = 1 coil'' to partially cancel intrinsic errors, or to increase them, results in a significantly expanded, or reduced, stable operating parameter space. Precise error field measurements have allowed the design of an improved correction coil for DIII-D, the C-coil'', which could further cancel error fields and help to avoid disruptive locked modes. 6 refs., 4 figs.
Date: October 1, 1991
Creator: La Haye, R. J. & Scoville, J. T.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Self-referencing Mach-Zehnder interferometer as a laser system diagnostic: Active and adaptive optical systems (open access)

Self-referencing Mach-Zehnder interferometer as a laser system diagnostic: Active and adaptive optical systems

We are incorporating a novel self-referencing Mach-Zehnder interferometer into a large scale laser system as a real time, interactive diagnostic tool for wavefront measurement. The instrument is capable of absolute wavefront measurements accurate to better than {lambda}/10 pv over a wavelength range > 300 nm without readjustment of the optical components. This performance is achieved through the design of both refractive optics and catadioptric collimator to achromatize the Mach-Zehnder reference arm. Other features include polarization insensitivity through the use of low angles of incidence on all beamsplitters as well as an equal path length configuration that allows measurement of either broad-band or closely spaced laser-line sources. Instrument accuracy is periodically monitored in place by means of a thermally and mechanically stable wavefront reference source that is calibrated off-line with a phase conjugate interferometer. Video interferograms are analyzed using Fourier transform techniques on a computer that includes dedicated array processor. Computer and video networks maintain distributed interferometers under the control of a single analysis computer with multiple user access. 7 refs., 11 figs.
Date: February 1, 1991
Creator: Feldman, M.; Mockler, D.J.; English, R.E. Jr.; Byrd, J.L. & Salmon, J.T.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Measurements of Non-Leptonic Weak Decays of Lambda Hypernuclei (open access)

Measurements of Non-Leptonic Weak Decays of Lambda Hypernuclei

Aspects of recent measurements of the mesonic and non-mesonic partial decay rates of {sub {Lambda}}{sup 5}He, and {sub {Lambda}}{sup 12}C are discussed. We comment on what the experiments tell us about the spin-isospin structure of {Delta}S=1 weak interaction in the nuclear environment. 14 refs., 1 fig.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Schumacher, Reinhard A.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Electrochemistry of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans reactions with pyrite (open access)

Electrochemistry of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans reactions with pyrite

The objective of this project is to provide the fundamental information on the mechanisms of bacterial leaching of pyrite. The knowledge of how bacterial leaching of pyrite functions is essential for design and development of a technology for coal cleaning with bacteria. The features of major electrochemical techniques will be examined to find out if any of them can provide a diagnostic information on the mechanisms of related reactions.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Pesic, B.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The microscopic world: A demonstration of electron microscopy for younger students (open access)

The microscopic world: A demonstration of electron microscopy for younger students

None
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Horton, L. L.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Photoinduced Charge Separation by Polymer-Bound Chromophores (open access)

Photoinduced Charge Separation by Polymer-Bound Chromophores

This project has examined the photodynamic behavior of water-soluble polymers that have covalently linked hydrophobic chromophores spaced along the chains. These polymeric systems have been examined for photoinduced charge separation with electron-accepting ions having different total charge. Focus has been on the excited singlet (S{sub 1}) state formed by laser flash absorption. The effects of pH and ionic strength -- factors that govern the conformational nature of the polymer in solution -- have been studied. A second major effort has been to study photoinduced redox processes involving excited states of water-soluble variants of anthracene and acridine. 27 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs.
Date: September 1, 1991
Creator: Rodgers, M. A. J.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Alkali sorber (RABSAM), September 1, 1990--August 30, 1991 (open access)

Alkali sorber (RABSAM), September 1, 1990--August 30, 1991

The objective of this work is to develop a regenerable activated-bauxite sorber alkali monitor that requires no high-temperature/high-pressure sampling line for the reliable in situ measurement of alkali-vapor concentration in the exhaust from the pressurized fluidized-bed combustion of coal. 11 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Lee, S. H. D. & Swift, M. W.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Resource capture by single leaves (open access)

Resource capture by single leaves

Leaves show a variety of strategies for maximizing CO{sub 2} and light capture. These are more meaningfully explained if they are considered in the context of maximizing capture relative to the utilization of water, nutrients and carbohydrates reserves. There is considerable variation between crops in their efficiency of CO{sub 2} and light capture at the leaf level. Understanding of these mechanisms indicate some ways in which efficiency of resource capture could be level cannot be meaningfully considered without simultaneous understanding of implications at the canopy level. 36 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.
Date: May 1, 1992
Creator: Long, S.P.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library