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Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters. (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Patent for covering cotton seeds by using a hoe transversely with cams and slides with the main axle of the planter, including illustration.
Date: May 15, 1855
Creator: Morrel, A. H.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Machine for Sawing Marble in Obelisk Form. (open access)

Machine for Sawing Marble in Obelisk Form.

Patent for "a new and Improved Machine for Sawing Marble Blocks in Polygonal Taper Form" (lines 4-6), including illustration.
Date: April 15, 1856
Creator: Haviland, J. E.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Plows. (open access)

Improvement in Plows.

Patent for the improvement of the plow using braces and mold-board for a sturdy and very durable plow, including illustration.
Date: November 15, 1859
Creator: Townsend, John T.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Sewing-Machines. (open access)

Improvement in Sewing-Machines.

Patent for improvement in sewing-machines by using two cams, one to operate the needle-arm and another to operate the feed and shuttle movements, illustration is included.
Date: November 15, 1859
Creator: Singer, E. C.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Plows. (open access)

Improvement in Plows.

Patent for an improved plow to turn and reverse the mold-board by using a single bolt to secure the reversible mold-board onto the stock of a plow.
Date: May 15, 1860
Creator: Pitts, William C.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Seed-Planters. (open access)

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Patent for the improvement of planting seeds using a single seed-slide and double tubes from seed box to distribute seeds to planting point in a more direct route than other seed-planters, including illustration.
Date: May 15, 1860
Creator: Pitts, W. C.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cultivators. (open access)

Improvement in Cultivators.

Patent for the improvement of cultivators using adjustable blades and is adaptable to use different types of blades for a variety of other uses, including illustration.
Date: January 15, 1861
Creator: Alexander, J. T. D.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Joining and Fitting Hoof-Hooks. (open access)

Improvement in Joining and Fitting Hoof-Hooks.

Patent for "a new and improved Hoof-Hook or cleaner, for cleaning the hoofs of horses and mules" (line 3) including instructions and an illustration.
Date: September 15, 1868
Creator: Stanley, Frank
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Coffee and Teapot. (open access)

Coffee and Teapot.

Patent for an improved coffee and teapot, in which the coffee or tea are boiled into the water and then strained out. Included instructions and illustrations.
Date: June 15, 1869
Creator: Heiss, Gregor & Schmidt, Martin
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Apparatus for Destroying Worms on Cotton-Plants. (open access)

Improvement in Apparatus for Destroying Worms on Cotton-Plants.

Patent for improvement in insect destroyer by “placing a gas-generator on a wagon, in its lower chamber, a fire box is placed for creating sulphurous gas. A bellows attached to its lower end to regulate sufficient air in forming the sulphurous gas.” (Lines 15-18) Illustration is included.
Date: June 15, 1869
Creator: Perl, M.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Syringe for Destroying Cotton-Plant Worms. (open access)

Improvement in Syringe for Destroying Cotton-Plant Worms.

Patent for improved instrument to be used to destroy cotton-worms, this instrument “provided with a nozzle, having a fine discharge-passages, through which the liquid is forced slowly, in the form of spray, and that the same nozzle is provided with an inlet-tube, through which liquid can be rapidly drawn into the barrel for filling it, but which will be automatically shut at the commencement of discharging the liquid through the nozzle, and kept shut during such discharge.” (Lines 55-62) Illustration is included.
Date: June 15, 1869
Creator: Robira, Antonio
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Velocipede. (open access)

Improvement in Velocipede.

Patent for improvement in velocipedes by using “two levers that are secured by a pivot-connection to pendent vibrating fulcra, on each side of the machine, and to the cranks of the driving-wheel; this would develop greater power than can be brought to bear by the placing of the feet of the driver directly on pedals on the crank-pins, or wrists.” (Lines 32-37) Illustration is included.
Date: June 15, 1869
Creator: Flint, Daniel P.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Velocipede. (open access)

Improvement in Velocipede.

Patent for an improved arrangement of velocipedes "to allow the use of a much larger driving-wheel than is compatible with the use of pedals that are placed directly on the crank pins or wrists, and to increase the power that can be applied to the propulsion of the machine by the feet of the driver, and the the speed at which is may be driven." (Lines 16-22) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: June 15, 1869
Creator: Flint, Daniel P.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Fence. (open access)

Improvement in Fence.

Patent for a new fence design that "can be adapted to any desired length, width, or height" (lines 14-15). The patent includes illustrations and instructions.
Date: February 15, 1870
Creator: Kerr, James
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Saw-Set. (open access)

Improvement in Saw-Set.

Patent for an invention "which can be used for setting the teeth of all kinds of saws by hand, and without requiring and intricate machinery" (lines 15-18). The patent includes instructions and an illustration.
Date: February 15, 1870
Creator: Harris, H. A.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Grinding-Mills. (open access)

Improvement in Grinding-Mills.

Patent for an improvement in grinding mills which purports to save time.
Date: November 15, 1870
Creator: Westmoreland, Joseph M.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Brooms. (open access)

Improvement in Brooms.

Patent for improvement in the manufacture of corn brooms.
Date: August 15, 1871
Creator: Anderson, Edward Americus
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Hame-Tugs for Harness. (open access)

Improvement in Hame-Tugs for Harness.

Patent for the improvement of hame-tugs for harnesses, using a metallic hame-tug. It includes a description and illustration.
Date: August 15, 1871
Creator: Dawson, Paul R.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Steam-plows. (open access)

Improvement in Steam-plows.

Patent for improvement in the apparatus for turning up soil with a steam plow.
Date: August 15, 1871
Creator: Miller, Herman
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Distilling Turpentine. (open access)

Improvement in Distilling Turpentine.

Patent for new and useful improvements in apparatus for distilling turpentine to permit continuous distillation.
Date: April 15, 1872
Creator: Lee, Archibald K.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Gate-Hinges. (open access)

Improvement in Gate-Hinges.

Patent for an improvement in the design of gate-hinges, including illustrations.
Date: April 15, 1873
Creator: Stone, John H.
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Ant-Traps. (open access)

Improvement in Ant-Traps.

Patent for catching burrowing insects, especially for large ants.
Date: July 15, 1873
Creator: Rubarth, Leander
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Combined Spades and Forks. (open access)

Improvement in Combined Spades and Forks.

Patent for a new improved and combined spade and fork to be used as a spade. It "consists in a sheet-metal sheath or pocket adapted to receive a fork and be secured" (lines 16-18 ) including illustrations.
Date: July 15, 1873
Creator: Stone, Heber
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Scrapers. (open access)

Improvement in Scrapers.

Patent for improved road scraper with two-wheel vehicle and scoop pulled by a chain.
Date: July 15, 1873
Creator: Mayfield, William Dudley
Object Type: Patent
System: The Portal to Texas History