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Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolases and Chemical Communication in Plants (open access)

Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolases and Chemical Communication in Plants

Data management plan for the grant, "Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolases and Chemical Communication in Plants." Research seeking to understand how an evolutionarily-conserved group of plant enzymes utilizes chemical signals to regulate growth and to influence their microbial environment. Specific research aims include the discovery of new enzymes and their substrate molecules that act as communication signals. Broader applications of this research may offer new strategies to enhance agricultural outputs by manipulating plant-microbe interactions in crop and soil systems.
Date: 2021-07-01/2024-06-30
Creator: Chapman, Kent Dean; Aziz, Mina & Blancaflor, Elison B.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
IRES Track II - Cape Horn ASIs: Climate change and disease ecology at the southern end of the Americas (open access)

IRES Track II - Cape Horn ASIs: Climate change and disease ecology at the southern end of the Americas

Data management plan for the grant "IRES Track II - Cape Horn ASIs: Climate change and disease ecology at the southern end of the Americas." Research giving students the opportunity to be trained in quantitative experimental design and work as part of a multinational research collaboration to study infectious disease emergence in one of the few remaining pristine places on Earth. The Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve (CHBR) off the southern tip of South America protects pristine ecosystem is perfect for this type of graduate student training. The CHBR is part of the sub-Antarctic Magellanic ecoregion, which is globally significant because it houses the worlds southernmost forest biome, contains numerous endemic species, is remote, and is relatively free of anthropogenic impacts. The research questions themselves will be flexible, but organized thematically. Specifically, this IRES Track-II will focus on the merging molecular genetic analysis using a mobile next generation sequencing lab with mist netting and arthropod trapping to investigate the impacts of wildlife disease on local biodiversity and community structure. Secondarily, eDNA and traditional wildlife disease monitoring approaches will be applied to understand the potential for zoonosis and understanding ecological factors that contribute to, or inhibit, zoonosis. Resultantly, participation in this program …
Date: 2021-09-01/2024-08-31
Creator: Gregory, Andrew; Kennedy, James H. & Rozzi, Ricardo, 1960-
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
A gene-editing/complementation strategy for tissue-specific lignin reduction while preserving biomass yield (open access)

A gene-editing/complementation strategy for tissue-specific lignin reduction while preserving biomass yield

This article develops a method, using a single DNA construct that uses CRISPR–Cas9 gene editing to knock-out expression of an endogenous gene of lignin monomer biosynthesis while at the same time expressing a modified version of the gene’s open reading frame that escapes cutting by the Cas9 system and complements the introduced mutation in a tissue-specific manner. This method is applicable to any plant species in which transformation and gene editing are feasible and validated vessel-specific promoters are available.
Date: September 3, 2021
Creator: Yu, Hasi; Liu, Chang & Dixon, R. A.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
A rapid thioacidolysis method for biomass lignin composition and tricin analysis (open access)

A rapid thioacidolysis method for biomass lignin composition and tricin analysis

This article developed a modified, rapid higher throughput thioacidolysis method to analyze both lignin monomeric composition and tricin content in the lignin polymer. The results demonstrate that the modified method can be used for rapid, high-throughput, and reliable lignin composition and tricin content analyses for screening transgenic plants for cell wall modifications or in large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS).
Date: January 11, 2021
Creator: Chen, Fang; Zhuo, Chunliu; Xiao, Xirong; Pendergast, Thomas H. & Devos, Katrien M.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Advanced modeling of materials with PAOFLOW 2.0: New features and software design (open access)

Advanced modeling of materials with PAOFLOW 2.0: New features and software design

This article describes the recent re-design of the code and the new features and improvements in performance of PAOFLOW, a software tool that constructs tight-binding Hamiltonians from self-consistent electronic wavefunctions by projecting onto a set of atomic orbitals.
Date: September 2, 2021
Creator: Cesaroli, Frank T.; Supka, Andrew; Jayaraj, Anooja; Costa, Marcio; Siloi, Ilaria; Sławińska, Jagoda et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Covalent organic framework nanofluidic membrane as a platform for highly sensitive bionic thermosensation (open access)

Covalent organic framework nanofluidic membrane as a platform for highly sensitive bionic thermosensation

Article reporting a nanofluidic membrane based on an ionic covalent organic framework (COF) that is capable of intelligently monitoring temperature variations and expressing it in the form of continuous potential differences. This article pioneers a way to explore COFs for mimicking the sophisticated signaling system observed in the nature.
Date: March 23, 2021
Creator: Zhang, Pengcheng; Chen, Sifan; Zhu, Changjia; Hou, Linxiao; Xian, Weipeng; Zuo, Xiuhui et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Developmental programming of DNA methylation and gene expression patterns is associated with extreme cardiovascular tolerance to anoxia in the common snapping turtle (open access)

Developmental programming of DNA methylation and gene expression patterns is associated with extreme cardiovascular tolerance to anoxia in the common snapping turtle

This article explores DNA methylation's role in the regulation of gene expression in reptiles. Results show that embryonic hypoxia programs DNA methylation and gene expression patterns and that these changes are associated with enhanced cardiac anoxia tolerance in snapping turtles later in life.
Date: September 6, 2021
Creator: Ruhr, Ilan; Bierstedt, Jacob; Rhen, Turk; Das, Debojyoti; Singh, Sunil Kumar; Miller, Solielle et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Event-Driven Deep Learning for Edge Intelligence (EDL-EI) (open access)

Event-Driven Deep Learning for Edge Intelligence (EDL-EI)

Article on deep-learning framework for edge intelligence EDL-EI (event-driven deep learning for edge intelligence). To verify the proposed framework, the authors include a case study of air-quality scenarios based for the most polluted cities in South Korea and China.
Date: September 8, 2021
Creator: Shah, Sayed Khushal; Tariq, Zeenat; Lee, Jeehwan & Lee, Yugyung
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Green synthesis of olefin-linked covalent organic frameworks for hydrogen fuel cell applications (open access)

Green synthesis of olefin-linked covalent organic frameworks for hydrogen fuel cell applications

This article creates a green strategy to fabricate a highly crystalline olefin-linked pyrazine-based covalent organic framework (COF) with high robustness and porosity under solvent-free conditions. This study opens up new possibilities for the green synthesis of advanced materials and provides important guidance for the rational design and synthesis of polymeric materials for proton-exchange membrane fuel cell applications.
Date: March 31, 2021
Creator: Wang, Zhifang; Yang, Yi; Zhao, Zhengfeng; Zhang, Penghui; Zhang, Yushu; Liu, Jinjin et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Pyrazinacenes exhibit on-surface oxidation-state-dependent conformational and self-assembly behaviours (open access)

Pyrazinacenes exhibit on-surface oxidation-state-dependent conformational and self-assembly behaviours

This article reports pyrazinacenes containing the dihydro-decaazapentacene and dihydro-octaazatetracene chromophores and compares their properties/functions as a model case at an oxidizing metal substrate.
Date: March 10, 2021
Creator: Miklík, David; Mousavi, S. Fatemeh; Burešová, Zuzana; Middleton, Anna; Matsushita, Yoshitaka; Labuta, J. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Simulation of the formation of antihydrogen via magnetobound positronium (open access)

Simulation of the formation of antihydrogen via magnetobound positronium

This article simulates Antihydrogen formation involving magnetobound positronium by computing classical trajectories.
Date: September 9, 2021
Creator: Aguirre, F. F. & Ordonez, Carlos A.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Encapsulated perovskite in NiO nanotube for topological meta-photonic devices (open access)

Encapsulated perovskite in NiO nanotube for topological meta-photonic devices

Data management plan for the grant, "Encapsulated perovskite in NiO nanotube for topological meta-photonic devices." Research studying meta-photonic devices with high absorption and topological photonic devices using encapsulated perovskites in NiO nanotubes. The goal is to achieve high-efficiency solar cells and electrically pumped laser in perovskite/NiO nanotubes patterned in the graded photonic super-crystal. The success of this project will lead to high-efficiency integrated lasers and solar cell devices. It also enhances the abilities in the education arena by enriching program offerings in nanotechnology, clean-energy, and photonics technology.
Date: 2021-09-01/2024-08-31
Creator: Cui, Jingbiao & Lin, Yuankun
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Dietary Exposure to Low Levels of Crude Oil Affects Physiological and Morphological Phenotype in Adults and Their Eggs and Hatchlings of the King Quail (Coturnix chinensis) (open access)

Dietary Exposure to Low Levels of Crude Oil Affects Physiological and Morphological Phenotype in Adults and Their Eggs and Hatchlings of the King Quail (Coturnix chinensis)

Article studying the king quail as an animal model to determine if chronic dietary exposure to crude oil in a parental population affects morpho-physiological phenotypic variables in their immediate offspring generation.
Date: April 9, 2021
Creator: Bautista, Naim M.; Do Amaral-Silva, Lara; Dzialowski, Edward M. (Edward Michael) & Burggren, Warren W.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Elucidating the multifunctional role of the cell wall components in the maize exploitation (open access)

Elucidating the multifunctional role of the cell wall components in the maize exploitation

Article on the composition of the four cell wall fractions in diverse maize genotypes and to understand how this composition influences the resistance to pests, ethanol capacity and digestibility. Results evidence that there is no maize cell wall ideotype among the tested for optimal performance for various uses, and maize plants should be specifically bred for each particular application.
Date: June 2, 2021
Creator: López-Malvar, Ana; Malvar, Rosa Ana; Souto, Xose Carlos; Gomez, Leonardo Dario; Simister, Rachael; Encina, Antonio et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Discovery of higher-order topological insulators using the spin Hall conductivity as a topology signature (open access)

Discovery of higher-order topological insulators using the spin Hall conductivity as a topology signature

This article shows a connection between spin Hall effect and HOTIs using a combination of ab initio calculations and tight-binding modeling. The model demonstrates how a non-zero bulk midgap spin Hall conductivity (SHC) emerges within the HOTI phase. This work guides novel experimental and theoretical advances towards higher-order topological insulator realization and applications.
Date: April 12, 2021
Creator: Costa, Marcio; Mera Acosta, Carlos; Padilha, Antonio C.M.; Cerasoli, Frank T.; Buongiorno Nardelli, Marco & Fazzio, Adalberto
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
On counting cuspidal automorphic representations for GSp(4) (open access)

On counting cuspidal automorphic representations for GSp(4)

Article
Date: April 15, 2021
Creator: Roy, Manami; Schmidt, Ralf & Yi, Shaoyun
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Childhood Asthma and Smoking: Moderating Effect of Preterm Status and Birth Weight (open access)

Childhood Asthma and Smoking: Moderating Effect of Preterm Status and Birth Weight

Article exploring the association between second-hand smoke exposure, asthma, and asthma severity in children ages 6-17 as well as the effect of birth weight and prematurity (BWP) on parental smoking and asthma. Results indicate that focused asthma interventions in children should inquire about BWP status as well as parental smoking and household smoke exposure to reduce asthma morbidity and mortality.
Date: April 17, 2021
Creator: Ogbu, Chukwuemeka E.; Ogbu, Stella C.; Khadka, Dibya & Kirby, Russell S.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Collaborative Research: A Systematic and Comprehensive Study of Black Hole-Driven Turbulence in Massive Galactic Systems (open access)

Collaborative Research: A Systematic and Comprehensive Study of Black Hole-Driven Turbulence in Massive Galactic Systems

Data management plan for the grant, "Collaborative Research: A Systematic and Comprehensive Study of Black Hole-Driven Turbulence in Massive Galactic Systems." This research team has developed a technique to measure gas turbulence in systems hosting giant central black holes and will directly evaluate the viability of this mechanism using a large sample of galaxies. This project will deliver a more complete view of the “feedback” provided by accreting SMBHs, leading to a better understanding of the black hole-host galaxy relation. More specifically, it will directly probe the energetics of the intra-cluster, circum-galactic, and interstellar media of massive early-type galaxies.
Date: 2021-09-01/2024-08-31
Creator: Li, Yuan
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Development of Novel Approaches to Earth-abundant Methane Catalysis (open access)

Development of Novel Approaches to Earth-abundant Methane Catalysis

Data management plan for the grant "Development of Novel Approaches to Earth-abundant Methane Catalysis." Research on catalytic cycles for C–H activation and functionalization of light alkanes based on the CMD (concerted metalation deprotonation) mechanism will be modeled for Earth-abundant metal dicarboxylates and related complexes. The impact of inner and outer coordination sphere effects upon catalytic cycles for light alkane functionalization will be assessed using computational chemistry techniques. The aforementioned studies will be leveraged to identify promising, synthetically feasible lead catalysts for experimental collaborators.
Date: 2021-08-15/2024-08-14
Creator: Cundari, Thomas R., 1964-
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
NSFDEB-NERC: Collaborative Research: Wildlife corridors: do they work and who benefits? (open access)

NSFDEB-NERC: Collaborative Research: Wildlife corridors: do they work and who benefits?

Data management plan for the grant, "NSFDEB-NERC: Collaborative Research: Wildlife corridors: do they work and who benefits?" Research on the impact of wildlife corridors using genetics as the measure of effectiveness. The study will use 20 independent landscapes to quantify how corridor traits affect gene flow, and will use non-flying mammals as focal species because they are strongly affected by fragmentation. The research team hypothesizes (1) a strong non-linear decline in success (gene flow) with corridor length, reflecting the skewed distribution of dispersal distances within species; (2) success will drop steeply as corridor width falls below a threshold, with the threshold determined by species traits; and (3) species that are bigger, are habitat specialists, or have greater dispersal abilities (relative to brain size or reproductive rate) will benefit more from corridors. Testing these hypotheses will allow generalization to a wide range of mammal species not included in this project. It will use highly flexible Random Forest models to answer the overarching question: What landscape traits (e.g., corridor width, degree of human disturbance) and species traits (mobility, affinity to particular land cover types) are associated with effective corridors?
Date: 2021-01-15/2023-12-31
Creator: Gregory, Andrew
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Developing a Biomanufacturing Platform for the Site-Selective Functionalization and Structural Diversification of Cytochalasan-Based Carbon Skeletons (open access)

Developing a Biomanufacturing Platform for the Site-Selective Functionalization and Structural Diversification of Cytochalasan-Based Carbon Skeletons

Data management plan for the grant, "Developing a Biomanufacturing Platform for the Site-Selective Functionalization and Structural Diversification of Cytochalasan-Based Carbon Skeletons." This project will identify fungal enzymes that efficiently modify more than one substrate in a predictable way. Also, enzymes will be engineered to expand the range of substrates. A biomanufacturing platform to synthesize bioactive molecules at lower costs will be the end result. Fungi can synthesize small molecules with complex structures using a number of highly coordinated enzymes. These molecules are difficult to make synthetically, and they can aid in crop production or have beneficial human health effects. Cytochalasans are phytotoxic, cytotoxic and actin-binding natural products. Produced by fungi, over 400 variants have been described. The structural diversity is partly explained by the flexibility of the enzymes that introduce and modify functional groups. These enzymes structurally rearrange the core carbon skeleton in a site-selective manner, often on more than one substrate. Genome mining will be used to identify cytochalasan tailoring enzymes. Overproducing strains will be characterized chemically. Transcription factor over-expression will be investigated. Targeted gene knock-out will confirm the function and scope of the enzymes. The enzymes will be engineered to expand their substrate range. Synthetic biology and metabolic …
Date: 2021-03-01/2024-02-29
Creator: Skellam, Elizabeth
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
G-RISE at the University of North Texas (open access)

G-RISE at the University of North Texas

Data management plan for the grant "G-RISE at the University of North Texas." The University of North Texas (UNT) serves over 32,000 undergraduate and 7,000 graduate students of which 50% of the undergraduate population and 20% of the graduate population are underrepresented minority (URM). UNT is ranked by the Carnegie Classification as a Tier 1 institute, is a Hispanic Serving Institute, and is dedicated to providing quality mentoring to a diverse group of Ph.D. students. The UNT G-­RISE mission is to provide a biomedical Ph.D. training program that is inclusive, culturally responsive, increases diversity, enhances scientific skill sets, develops trainee career and professional skill sets, provides opportunities to participants, and increases faculty development as a mentor.
Date: 2021-05-01/2022-04-30
Creator: Padilla, Pamela A.; Burggren, Warren W.; Cisneros, Gerardo Andrés & Hughes, Lee E.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
LDIP cooperates with SEIPIN and LDAP to facilitate lipid droplet biogenesis in Arabidopsis (open access)

LDIP cooperates with SEIPIN and LDAP to facilitate lipid droplet biogenesis in Arabidopsis

Article showing that a recently identified protein termed LD-associated protein [LDAP]-interacting protein (LDIP) works together with both endoplasmic reticulum-localized SEIPIN and the LD-coat protein LDAP to facilitate LD formation in Arabidopsis thaliana. The data is discussed in the context of a new model for LD biogenesis in plant cells with evolutionary connections to LD biogenesis in other eukaryotes.
Date: June 9, 2021
Creator: Pyc, Michal; Gidda, Satinder K.; Seay, Damien C.; Esnay, Nicolas; Kretzschmar, Franziska K.; Cai, Yingqi et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Crucial Development: Criticality Is Important to Cell-to-Cell Communication and Information Transfer in Living Systems (open access)

Crucial Development: Criticality Is Important to Cell-to-Cell Communication and Information Transfer in Living Systems

This article is the fourth paper of the Special Issue Memory and Criticality. It bridges the the theoretical debate on the role of memory and criticality discussed in the three earlier manuscripts, with a review of key concepts in biology and focus on cell-to-cell communication in organismal development. The authors suggest that in conjunction with morphogenetic gradients, there exist gradients of information transfer creating cybernetic loops of stability and disorder, setting the stage for adaptive capability. Criticality, therefore, appears to be an important factor in the transmission, transfer and coding of information for complex adaptive system development.
Date: August 31, 2021
Creator: Hunt von Herbing, Ione; Tonello, Lucio; Benfatto, Maurizio; Pease, April & Grigolini, Paolo
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library