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Regulation of Fertilizers: Ammonium Nitrate and Anhydrous Ammonia (open access)

Regulation of Fertilizers: Ammonium Nitrate and Anhydrous Ammonia

This report will focus on some of the federal regulatory programs overseeing storage of ammonium nitrate and anhydrous ammonia by retailers. The report will not address federal regulation of material in transport. It will discuss federal occupational safety, environmental, and security statutes and regulations applicable to each chemical. Select policy issues regarding these federal regulatory programs will be highlighted. It does not address various law enforcement activities related to tracking of anhydrous ammonia used for illegal drug synthesis (e.g., methamphetamine).
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: Shea, Dana A.; Schierow, Linda-Jo & Szymendera, Scott D.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Anthrax: DHS Faces Challenges in Validating Methods for Sample Collection and Analysis (open access)

Anthrax: DHS Faces Challenges in Validating Methods for Sample Collection and Analysis

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "A workgroup—led by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and made up of DHS and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)—has attempted to address GAO’s recommendations to (1) validate environmental sampling methods for detecting Bacillus anthracis and (2) conduct studies to develop probability-based sampling approaches for indoor environments. This workgroup has taken some actions to validate environmental sampling methods (collection, transportation, preparation, analysis) and develop statistically based sampling approaches that will provide confidence statements when test results are negative. These activities were projected to be completed by fiscal year 2013, but delays are now expected."
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Coast Guard: Observations on Progress Made and Challenges Faced in Developing and Implementing a Common Operational Picture (open access)

Coast Guard: Observations on Progress Made and Challenges Faced in Developing and Implementing a Common Operational Picture

Testimony issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Coast Guard, a component of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has made progress in developing its Common Operational Picture (COP) by increasing the information in the COP and increasing user access to this information. The Coast Guard has made progress by adding internal and external data sources that allow for better understanding of anything associated with the global maritime domain that could affect the United States. The COP has made information from these sources available to more COP users and decision makers throughout the Coast Guard. For example, in 2006, the ability to track the location of Coast Guard assets, including small boats and cutters, was added to the COP. This capability--also known as blue force tracking--allows COP users to locate Coast Guard vessels in real time and establish which vessels are in the best position to respond to mission needs. In addition to adding information to the COP, the Coast Guard has also made the information contained in the COP available on more computers and on more systems, which, in turn, has increased the number of users with access to the COP."
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Privacy: Federal Law Should Be Updated to Address Changing Technology Landscape (open access)

Privacy: Federal Law Should Be Updated to Address Changing Technology Landscape

Testimony issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Technological developments since the Privacy Act became law in 1974 have changed the way information is organized and shared among organizations and individuals. Such advances have rendered some of the provisions of the Privacy Act and the E-Government Act of 2002 inadequate to fully protect all personally identifiable information collected, used, and maintained by the federal government. For example, GAO has reported on challenges in protecting the privacy of personal information relative to agencies’ use of Web 2.0 and data-mining technologies."
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Information on Defective Drywall (open access)

Information on Defective Drywall

Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "GAO found that numerous claims for damage have been addressed through legal settlements partly paid by commercial insurance reimbursements. Three of the four insurers with whom GAO spoke contributed to legal settlements by paying for CGL claims stemming from lawsuits against their policyholders, and one of these insurers also made payments for CGL claims separate from legal settlements. The legal settlements from defective drywall lawsuits involve hundreds of companies in the drywall supply chain (including importers, suppliers, and builders), and most of the lawsuits have been consolidated under multidistrict litigation in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana. One of the legal settlements involves one of the two primary manufacturers of defective drywall and provides an uncapped amount of funds to address damage to affected homes, as well as $30 million for other expenses. This manufacturer's settlement is part of a group of settlements that guarantees more than $350 million to assist affected home owners, with the potential to increase."
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Justice Grant Programs: DOJ Could Improve Decision-Making Documentation and Better Assess Results of DNA Backlog Reduction Program Funds (open access)

Justice Grant Programs: DOJ Could Improve Decision-Making Documentation and Better Assess Results of DNA Backlog Reduction Program Funds

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) allocated funding for various DNA and other forensic science activities, with the majority of the available $691 million from fiscal years 2008 through 2012 going to state and local governments to reduce the DNA backlog. Specifically, over this 5-year period, 64 percent was allocated through initiatives that directly benefit state and local efforts to reduce DNA backlogs and build DNA analysis capacity. The largest initiative was NIJ's DNA Backlog Reduction Program, and other DNA backlog initiatives included DNA analysis of cold cases, among others. A smaller portion (31 percent) went to other forensic sciences initiatives, such as research and development and training, although NIJ officials stated that funding these initiatives may have long-term benefits for reducing the DNA backlog. The remainder of the funding went toward other activities, such as management and administration."
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Transportation Security: TSA Could Strengthen Oversight of Allegations of Employee Misconduct (open access)

Transportation Security: TSA Could Strengthen Oversight of Allegations of Employee Misconduct

Testimony issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "In July 2013, GAO reported that TSA investigated and adjudicated approximately 9,600 cases of employee misconduct from fiscal years 2010 through 2012, according to TSA employee misconduct data that we analyzed. Two offense categories accounted for about half of all cases--(1) attendance and leave, which accounted for 32 percent; and (2) screening and security, which accounted for 20 percent. Charges for screening and security-related incidents pertain to violating standard operating procedures, including not conducting security or equipment checks, and allowing patrons or baggage to bypass screening. TSA developed a Table of Offenses and Penalties that delineates common employee charges, along with a suggested range of penalties. Of the cases that we analyzed, 47 percent resulted in letters of reprimand, which describe unacceptable conduct that is the basis for a disciplinary action; 31 percent resulted in suspensions of a definite duration; and 17 percent resulted in the employee's removal from TSA. The remaining cases covered a variety of outcomes, including suspensions of an indefinite duration."
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Freedom of Information Act: Additional Actions Can Strengthen Agency Efforts to Improve Management (open access)

Freedom of Information Act: Additional Actions Can Strengthen Agency Efforts to Improve Management

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The major components of the Departments of Homeland Security, Defense, Justice, and Health and Human Services have taken a variety of actions to improve management of their Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) programs. To reduce their backlogs of outstanding requests, agencies have taken actions that include regularly reporting to management, mobilizing extra resources, and streamlining procedures for responding to requests. These actions have had mixed results. For example, since 2009, 10 of the 16 agency components in GAO’s study succeeded in decreasing their backlogs, 2 had no material change, and the remaining 4 had larger backlogs. The agencies have also taken actions to reduce their use of exemptions—provisions of FOIA that allow agencies to withhold certain types of information. Agencies’ actions to reduce their use of exemptions included training, reviews, and guidance. While 7 components reduced the rate at which they applied exemptions, 3 stayed about the same, and 6 had an increase."
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Modernizing the Nuclear Security Enterprise: NNSA's Reviews of Budget Estimates and Decisions on Resource Trade-offs Need Strengthening (open access)

Modernizing the Nuclear Security Enterprise: NNSA's Reviews of Budget Estimates and Decisions on Resource Trade-offs Need Strengthening

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The National Nuclear Security Administration’s (NNSA) planning, programming, budgeting, and evaluation (PPBE) process provides a framework for the agency to plan, prioritize, fund, and evaluate its program activities. Formal policies guide NNSA and management and operating (M&O) contractors through each of four phases of the agency’s PPBE cycle—planning, programming, budgeting, and evaluation. These phases appear to be sequential, but the process is continuous and concurrent because of the amount of time required to develop priorities and review resource requirements, with at least two phases ongoing at any time."
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Coast Guard: Legacy Vessels' Declining Conditions Reinforce Need for More Realistic Operational Targets [Reissued on August 30, 2012] (open access)

Coast Guard: Legacy Vessels' Declining Conditions Reinforce Need for More Realistic Operational Targets [Reissued on August 30, 2012]

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "From fiscal years 2005 through 2011, the physical condition of the Coast Guard’s legacy vessels was generally poor; and the Coast Guard has taken two key actions to improve the vessels’ condition: reorganizing its maintenance command structure and implementing sustainment initiatives for portions of its legacy vessel fleet. The Coast Guard’s primary measure of a vessel’s condition is the operational percent of time free of major casualties (a major casualty is a deficiency in mission essential equipment that causes the major degradation or loss of a primary mission). This measure shows that the 378-foot high endurance cutters (HEC), the 210-foot and 270-foot medium endurance cutters (MEC), and 110-foot patrol boats generally remained well below target levels from fiscal years 2005 through 2011. To improve the condition of the vessel fleet, in 2009, the Coast Guard reorganized its maintenance command structure to focus on standardization of practices, and reported it was on schedule to complete sustainment initiatives by fiscal year 2014, which are intended to improve vessel operating and cost performance."
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Army Logistics: Container Handling Equipment Requirements, Contracts, and Inventory (open access)

Army Logistics: Container Handling Equipment Requirements, Contracts, and Inventory

Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Army’s requirements for container handling equipment have changed since 1998 from focusing on "break bulk" to focusing on containerized distribution, and the Army has awarded contracts and issued delivery orders to reflect those changing requirements."
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Agricultural Trade: USDA Is Monitoring Market Development Programs as Required but Could Improve Analysis of Impact (open access)

Agricultural Trade: USDA Is Monitoring Market Development Programs as Required but Could Improve Analysis of Impact

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins ""
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Federal Vehicle Fleets: Adopting Leading Practices Could Improve Management (open access)

Federal Vehicle Fleets: Adopting Leading Practices Could Improve Management

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "GAO identified three leading practices for fleet management and found that selected federal agencies--the Departments of Agriculture (USDA), Homeland Security (DHS), the Interior (Interior), and Veterans Affairs (VA); the U.S. Air Force (Air Force); and the Army Corps of Engineers (Army Corps)--follow these practices to varying degrees. These practices are 1) maintaining a well-designed fleet-management information system (FMIS), 2) analyzing life-cycle costs to inform investment decisions, and 3) optimizing fleet size and composition. GAO identified these practices based on views provided by recognized fleet experts and determined that the practices align with legal requirements and General Services Administration (GSA) recommendations."
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Income Security: Overlapping Disability and Unemployment Benefits Should be Evaluated for Potential Savings (open access)

Income Security: Overlapping Disability and Unemployment Benefits Should be Evaluated for Potential Savings

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "In fiscal year 2010, 117,000 individuals received concurrent cash benefit payments from the Disability Insurance (DI) and Unemployment Insurance (UI) programs of more than $850 million, which is allowable in certain circumstances under current program authority. While these individuals represented less than 1 percent of the total beneficiaries of both programs, the cash benefits they received totaled over $281 million from DI and more than $575 million from UI. One individual GAO selected for further investigation received over $62,000 in overlapping benefits in a year. Based on GAO inquiries, state UI officials are reviewing the person’s UI eligibility because of earnings that may be related to work that makes the person ineligible for UI benefits."
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Strategic Weapons: Changes in the Nuclear Weapons Targeting Process Since 1991 (open access)

Strategic Weapons: Changes in the Nuclear Weapons Targeting Process Since 1991

Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The fundamental objectives of U.S. nuclear deterrence policy have remained largely consistent since 1991, even as the threat environment and the size of the nuclear weapons stockpile have changed. The current process for developing nuclear targeting and employment guidance has remained consistent. However, the structure of the nuclear war plan, and the categories and number of targets in the plan, have changed. DOD continues to exercise civilian oversight of the targeting process. The indirect relationship between the targeting process and DOD’s determination of requirements for nuclear weapons and delivery systems also continues."
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Defense Acquisitions: DOD Efforts to Adopt Open Systems for Its Unmanned Aircraft Systems Have Progressed Slowly (open access)

Defense Acquisitions: DOD Efforts to Adopt Open Systems for Its Unmanned Aircraft Systems Have Progressed Slowly

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "An open systems approach, which includes a modular design and standard interfaces, allows components of a product (like a computer) to be replaced easily. This allows the product to be refreshed with new, improved components made by a variety of suppliers. Designing weapons as open systems offers significant repair, upgrade, and competition benefits that could translate to millions of dollars in savings as the weapons age."
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Drug Compounding: Clear Authority and More Reliable Data Needed to Strengthen FDA Oversight (open access)

Drug Compounding: Clear Authority and More Reliable Data Needed to Strengthen FDA Oversight

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The authority of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), to oversee drug compounding is unclear. Two federal circuit court decisions have resulted in differing FDA authority in different parts of the country. According to FDA officials, these inconsistent decisions and the agency's limited inspection authority over pharmacies have created challenges in FDA's ability to inspect and take enforcement action against entities engaging in drug compounding. For example, from 2002 through 2012, in order to inspect some facilities engaged in drug compounding, FDA officials said they had to obtain 11 warrants to gain access to drug compounders' facilities that had challenged FDA's inspection authority. GAO also found that while FDA and national pharmacy organization officials generally agreed that states regulate the practice of pharmacy and FDA regulates drug manufacturing, there was no consensus on whether compounding drugs in large quantities--in anticipation of individual prescriptions or without prescriptions--and selling those drugs across state lines falls within the practice of pharmacy or is a type of drug manufacturing that should be overseen by FDA. This lack of consensus …
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses (open access)

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. The report also discusses ways which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Resource Discovery Systems at the UNT Libraries: Phase Two Action Plan (open access)

Resource Discovery Systems at the UNT Libraries: Phase Two Action Plan

Report on the timeline and implementation of the four objects of the Phase Two Action Plan for Resource Discovery Systems at the UNT Libraries.
Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: Phillips, Mark Edward; Weng, Neena; Thomale, Jason & Hicks, William
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library

Student Food Rules on the Digital Library Contribute to Learning

Poster presented at the Society of Nutrition Education and Behavior Conference. This poster describes an exercise in training students in scientific writing to compose their own food rules, and share these rules through the UNT Digital Library
Date: July 31, 2016
Creator: Connors, Priscilla L.
Object Type: Poster
System: The UNT Digital Library
The Greensheet (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 313, Ed. 1 Tuesday, July 31, 2012 (open access)

The Greensheet (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 313, Ed. 1 Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Free weekly newspaper that includes business and classified advertising.
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Portal to Texas History
The Greensheet (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 314, Ed. 1 Tuesday, July 31, 2012 (open access)

The Greensheet (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 314, Ed. 1 Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Free weekly newspaper that includes business and classified advertising.
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Portal to Texas History
Sediment Transport Modeling of Channel Scale Geomorphic Processes (open access)

Sediment Transport Modeling of Channel Scale Geomorphic Processes

This report investigated the use of two-dimensional (2D) modeling strategy to predict channel adjustment in the lower San Antonio River in response to a range of flood magnitudes.
Date: July 31, 2012
Creator: Haschenburger, Judith K.
Object Type: Report
System: The Portal to Texas History

[Woman holding onto white bowl at CSLA meeting]

Photograph of an unidentified woman holding onto a white bowl as, taken during a meeting at the 48th Church and Synagogue Library Association conference held at Willis Library at the University of North Texas in Denton, Texas.
Date: July 31, 2015
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Photograph
System: The UNT Digital Library