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1999 accomplishments report. Clean energy for the 21st century [USDOE Federal Energy Management Program] (open access)

1999 accomplishments report. Clean energy for the 21st century [USDOE Federal Energy Management Program]

None
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Abilene Philharmonic Playbill: February 19-March 11, 2000 (open access)

Abilene Philharmonic Playbill: February 19-March 11, 2000

Program for an Abilene Philharmonic concert that ran from February 19th to March 11th (Classical and pop concert) during the 50th season. It includes information about the pieces performed, artists and musicians, and advertising from local companies.
Date: February 2000
Creator: Abilene Philharmonic
Object Type: Pamphlet
System: The Portal to Texas History
Acceptance Test Report for the Modular Automation System (MAS) Manufactured by Honeywell Inc. (open access)

Acceptance Test Report for the Modular Automation System (MAS) Manufactured by Honeywell Inc.

This document details the performance of the acceptance test of the Honeywell MAS Control System for equipment to be installed in gloveboxes HA-20MB and HA-211 at a later date. Equipment that was anticipated included 6 stabilization furnaces, only three and their associated equipment were installed.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Anderson, D. L.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
ADVANCED DIRECT LIQUEFACTION CONCEPTS FOR PETC GENERIC UNITS (open access)

ADVANCED DIRECT LIQUEFACTION CONCEPTS FOR PETC GENERIC UNITS

The results of Laboratory and Bench-Scale experiments and supporting technical and economic assessments conducted under DOE Contract No. DE-AC22-91PC91040 is reported for the period July 1, 1998 to September 30, 1998. This contract is with the University of kentucky Research Foundation, which supports work with the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Researc, CONSOL, Inc., LDP Associates, and Hydrocarbon Technologies, Inc. This work involves the introduction into the basic two-stage liquefaction process several novel concepts, which include dispersed lower-cost catalysts, coal cleaning by oil agglomeration, and distillate hydrotreating and dewaxing. This project has been modified to include an investigation into the production of value added materials from coal using liquefaction based technologies.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Berkovich, Adam J.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
ADVANCED DIRECT LIQUEFACTION CONCEPTS FOR PETC GENERIC UNITS (open access)

ADVANCED DIRECT LIQUEFACTION CONCEPTS FOR PETC GENERIC UNITS

The results of Laboratory and Bench-Scale experiments and supporting technical and economic assessments conducted under DOE Contract No. DE-AC22-91PC91040 is reported for the period July 1, 1998 to September 30, 1998. This contract is with the University of kentucky Research Foundation, which supports work with the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Researc, CONSOL, Inc., LDP Associates, and Hydrocarbon Technologies, Inc. This work involves the introduction into the basic two-stage liquefaction process several novel concepts, which include dispersed lower-cost catalysts, coal cleaning by oil agglomeration, and distillate hydrotreating and dewaxing. This project has been modified to include an investigation into the production of value added materials from coal using liquefaction based technologies.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Berkovich, Adam J.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
ADVANCED DIRECT LIQUEFACTION CONCEPTS FOR PETC GENERIC UNITS (open access)

ADVANCED DIRECT LIQUEFACTION CONCEPTS FOR PETC GENERIC UNITS

The results of Laboratory and Bench-Scale experiments and supporting technical and economic assessments conducted under DOE Contract No. DE-AC22-91PC91040 is reported for the period July 1, 1998 to September 30, 1998. This contract is with the University of kentucky Research Foundation, which supports work with the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Researc, CONSOL, Inc., LDP Associates, and Hydrocarbon Technologies, Inc. This work involves the introduction into the basic two-stage liquefaction process several novel concepts, which include dispersed lower-cost catalysts, coal cleaning by oil agglomeration, and distillate hydrotreating and dewaxing. This project has been modified to include an investigation into the production of value added materials from coal using liquefaction based technologies.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Berkovich, Adam J.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
ADVANCED FUSION TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ANNUAL REPORT TO THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OCTOBER 1, 1998 THROUGH SEPTEMBER 30, 1999 (open access)

ADVANCED FUSION TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ANNUAL REPORT TO THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OCTOBER 1, 1998 THROUGH SEPTEMBER 30, 1999

OAK-B135 The General Atomics (GA) Advanced Fusion Technology program seeks to advance the knowledge base needed for next-generation fusion experiments, and ultimately for an economical and environmentally attractive fusion energy source. To achieve this objective, they carry out fusion systems design studies to evaluate the technologies and materials needed for next-step experiments and power plants, and they conduct research to develop basic and applied knowledge about these materials and technologies. GA's Advanced Fusion Technology program derives from, and draws on, the physics and engineering expertise built up by many years of experience in designing, building, and operating plasma physics experiments. The technology development activities take full advantage of the current DIII-D program and facility. The following sections summarize GA's FY99 work done in the areas of Fusion Power Plant Design Studies (Section 2), Advanced Liquid Plasma Facing Surfaces (Section 3), Advanced Power Extraction Study (Section 4), Next Step Fusion Design (Section 5), Plasma Interactive Materials (Section 6), Radiation Testing of Magnetic Coil (Section 7), Vanadium Component Demo (Section 8), RF Technology (Section 9) and Inertial Fusion Energy Target Supply System (Section 10). The work in these areas continues to address many of the issues that must be resolved for the …
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: STAFF, PROJECT
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Advanced Gas Storage Concepts: Technologies for the Future (open access)

Advanced Gas Storage Concepts: Technologies for the Future

This full text product includes: 1) A final technical report titled Advanced Underground Gas Storage Concepts, Refrigerated-Mined Cavern Storage and presentations from two technology transfer workshops held in 1998 in Houston, Texas, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (both on the topic of Chilled Gas Storage in Mined Caverns); 2) A final technical report titled Natural Gas Hydrates Storage Project, Final Report 1 October 1997 - 31 May 1999; 3) A final technical report titled Natural Gas Hydrates Storage Project Phase II: Conceptual Design and Economic Study, Final Report 9 June - 10 October 1999; 4) A final technical report titled Commerical Potential of Natural Gas Storage in Lined Rock Caverns (LRC) and presentations from a DOE-sponsored workshop on Alternative Gas Storage Technologies, held Feb 17, 2000 in Pittsburgh, PA; and 5) Phase I and Phase II topical reports titled Feasibility Study for Lowering the Minimum Gas Pressure in Solution-Mined Caverns Based on Geomechanical Analyses of Creep-Induced Damage and Healing.
Date: February 2000
Creator: Freeway, Katy (PB-KBB Inc.); Rogers, R.E. (Mississippi State University); DeVries, Kerry L.; Nieland, Joel D.; Ratigan, Joe L. & Mellegard, Kirby D. (RESPEC)
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Advanced microcharacterization of nickel-base superalloys (open access)

Advanced microcharacterization of nickel-base superalloys

The purpose of this project was to characterize the microstructural and microchemical effects of a process revision on HAYNES{reg{underscore}sign} 242{trademark}, a polycrystalline Ni-base superalloy used principally for high temperature applications, such as seal and containment rings in gas turbine engines. The process revision from the current one-step heat treating cycle to a two-step heat treatment would result in savings of energy and ultimately cost to the consumer. However, the proposed process revision could give rise to unforeseen microstructural modifications, such as a change in the size distribution of the ordered particles responsible for alloy strength or the formation of additional phases, which could affect alloy properties and hence performance. Advanced microcharacterization methods that allow images of the microstructure to be acquired at length scales from one micrometer down to the atomic level were used to reveal the effect of the process revision on alloy microstructure. Energy filtered imaging was used to characterize the size distribution and morphology of ordered precipitates and other phases, as well as the partitioning behavior of major elements (Ni, Mo, Cr) among these phases. The compositions of individual ordered particles, including fine-scale compositional variations at precipitate-matrix interfaces, and solute segregation behavior at grain boundaries were characterized …
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Anderson, I. M.; Miller, M. K.; Pike, L. M. & Klarstrom, D. L.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Advanced process analysis for petroleum refining (open access)

Advanced process analysis for petroleum refining

This is a fact sheet on an advanced computer analysis system for petroleum refining written for the NICE3 Program.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)
Object Type: Book
System: The UNT Digital Library
Adverse Drug Events: Substantial Problem but Magnitude Uncertain (open access)

Adverse Drug Events: Substantial Problem but Magnitude Uncertain

Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its report on adverse drug events (ADE), focusing on the: (1) different types and causes of ADEs; (2) evidence on the overall incidence and cost of ADEs in the United States; and (3) measures that have been proposed to reduce the number and severity of ADEs."
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
The Age, Volume 23, Number 2, February 2000 (open access)

The Age, Volume 23, Number 2, February 2000

Monthly publication containing information related to Chambers County, Texas, including current events of the Chambers County Historical Commission, the Wallisville Heritage Park, and the Chambers County historical and genealogical societies; reprinted newspaper articles about county events and citizens; and historical news and records.
Date: February 2000
Creator: Wallisville Heritage Park (Organization)
Object Type: Journal/Magazine/Newsletter
System: The Portal to Texas History
Agile dry etching of compound semiconductors for science-based manufacturing using in-situ process control (open access)

Agile dry etching of compound semiconductors for science-based manufacturing using in-situ process control

In-situ optical diagnostics and ion beam diagnostics for plasma-etch and reactive-ion-beam etch (RIBE) tools have been developed and implemented on etch tools in the Compound Semiconductor Research Laboratory (CSRL). The optical diagnostics provide real-time end-point detection during plasma etching of complex thin-film layered structures that require precision etching to stop on a particular layer in the structure. The Monoetch real-time display and analysis program developed with this LDRD displays raw and filtered reflectance signals that enable an etch system operator to stop an etch at the desired depth within the desired layer. The ion beam diagnostics developed with this LDRD will permit routine analysis of critical ion-beam profile characteristics that determine etch uniformity and reproducibility on the RIBE tool.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Ashby, Carol I.; Vawter, Gregory A.; Breiland, William G.; Bruskas, Larry A.; Woodworth, Joseph R. & Hebner, Gregory A.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Algorithm-dependent fault tolerance for distributed computing (open access)

Algorithm-dependent fault tolerance for distributed computing

Large-scale distributed systems assembled from commodity parts, like CPlant, have become common tools in the distributed computing world. Because of their size and diversity of parts, these systems are prone to failures. Applications that are being run on these systems have not been equipped to efficiently deal with failures, nor is there vendor support for fault tolerance. Thus, when a failure occurs, the application crashes. While most programmers make use of checkpoints to allow for restarting of their applications, this is cumbersome and incurs substantial overhead. In many cases, there are more efficient and more elegant ways in which to address failures. The goal of this project is to develop a software architecture for the detection of and recovery from faults in a cluster computing environment. The detection phase relies on the latest techniques developed in the fault tolerance community. Recovery is being addressed in an application-dependent manner, thus allowing the programmer to take advantage of algorithmic characteristics to reduce the overhead of fault tolerance. This architecture will allow large-scale applications to be more robust in high-performance computing environments that are comprised of clusters of commodity computers such as CPlant and SMP clusters.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Hough, P. D.; Goldsby, M. e. & Walsh, E. J.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Altus Times (Altus, Okla.), Vol. 100, No. 271, Ed. 1 Tuesday, February 1, 2000 (open access)

Altus Times (Altus, Okla.), Vol. 100, No. 271, Ed. 1 Tuesday, February 1, 2000

Daily newspaper from Altus, Oklahoma that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Bush, Michael
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Gateway to Oklahoma History
Ammonia Solubility in High Concentration Salt Solutions (open access)

Ammonia Solubility in High Concentration Salt Solutions

Solubility data for ammonia in water and various dilute solutions are abundant in the literature. However, there is a noticeable lack of ammonia solubility data for high salt, basic solutions of various mixtures of salts including those found in many of the Hanford Washington underground waste tanks. As a result, models based on solubility data for dilute salt solutions have been used to extrapolate to high salt solutions. These significant extrapolations need to be checked against actual laboratory data. Some indirect vapor measurements have been made. A more direct approach is to determine the ratio of solubility of ammonia in water to its solubility in high salt solutions. In various experiments, pairs of solutions, one of which is water and the other a high salt solution, are allowed to come to equilibrium with a common ammonia vapor pressure. The ratio of concentrations of ammonia in the two solutions is equal to the ratio of the respective ammonia solubilities (Henry's Law constants) at a given temperature. This information can then be used to refine the models that predict vapor space compositions of ammonia. Ammonia at Hanford is of concern because of its toxicity in the environment and its contribution to the …
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: HEDENGREN, D.C.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Annual Radiological Environmental Monitoring Program Report for the Three Mile Island, Unit 2, Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (open access)

Annual Radiological Environmental Monitoring Program Report for the Three Mile Island, Unit 2, Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation

This report presents the results of the 1999 Radiological Environmental Monitoring Program conducted in accordance with 10 CFR 72.44 for the Three Mile Island, Unit 2, Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation. A description of the facility and the monitoring program is provided. The results of monitoring the two predominant radiation exposure pathways, potential airborne radioactivity releases and direct radiation exposure, indicate facility operation has not contributed to any increase in the estimated maximum potential dose commitment to the general public.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Hall, G. G.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Annual report to Congress: Department of Energy activities relating to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, Calendar Year 1999 (open access)

Annual report to Congress: Department of Energy activities relating to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, Calendar Year 1999

This is the tenth Annual Report to the Congress describing Department of Energy activities in response to formal recommendations and other interactions with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (Board). The Board, an independent executive-branch agency established in 1988, provides advice and recommendations to the Secretary of Energy regarding public health and safety issues at the Department's defense nuclear facilities. The Board also reviews and evaluates the content and implementation of health and safety standards, as well as other requirements, relating to the design, construction, operation, and decommissioning of the Department's defense nuclear facilities. During 1999, Departmental activities resulted in the closure of nine Board recommendations. In addition, the Department has completed all implementation plan milestones associated with three Board recommendations. One new Board recommendation was received and accepted by the Department in 1999, and a new implementation plan is being developed to address this recommendation. The Department has also made significant progress with a number of broad-based initiatives to improve safety. These include expanded implementation of integrated safety management at field sites, opening of a repository for long-term storage of transuranic wastes, and continued progress on stabilizing excess nuclear materials to achieve significant risk reduction.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
APPROXIMATION ALGORITHMS FOR CLUSTERING TO MINIMIZE THE SUM OF DIAMETERS (open access)

APPROXIMATION ALGORITHMS FOR CLUSTERING TO MINIMIZE THE SUM OF DIAMETERS

We consider the problem of partitioning the nodes of a complete edge weighted graph into {kappa} clusters so as to minimize the sum of the diameters of the clusters. Since the problem is NP-complete, our focus is on the development of good approximation algorithms. When edge weights satisfy the triangle inequality, we present the first approximation algorithm for the problem. The approximation algorithm yields a solution that has no more than 10k clusters such the total diameter of these clusters is within a factor O(log (n/{kappa})) of the optimal value fork clusters, where n is the number of nodes in the complete graph. For any fixed {kappa}, we present an approximation algorithm that produces {kappa} clusters whose total diameter is at most twice the optimal value. When the distances are not required to satisfy the triangle inequality, we show that, unless P = NP, for any {rho} {ge} 1, there is no polynomial time approximation algorithm that can provide a performance guarantee of {rho} even when the number of clusters is fixed at 3. Other results obtained include a polynomial time algorithm for the problem when the underlying graph is a tree with edge weights.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Kopp, S.; Mortveit, H.S. & Reidys, S.M.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Attributes and templates from active measurements with {sup 252}Cf (open access)

Attributes and templates from active measurements with {sup 252}Cf

Active neutron interrogation is useful for the detection of shielded HEU and could also be used for Pu. In an active technique, fissile material is stimulated by an external neutron source to produce fission with the emanation of neutrons and gamma rays. The time distribution of particles leaving the fissile material is measured with respect to the source emission in a variety of ways. A variety of accelerator and radioactive sources can be used. Active interrogation of nuclear weapons/components can be used in two ways: template matching or attribute estimation. Template matching compares radiation signatures with known reference signatures and for treaty applications has the problem of authentication of the reference signatures along with storage and retrieval of templates. Attribute estimation determines, for example, the fissile mass from various features of the radiation signatures and does not require storage of radiation signatures but does require calibration, which can be repeated as necessary. A nuclear materials identification system (NMIS) has been in use at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant for verification of weapons components being received and in storage by template matching and has been used with calibrations for attribute (fissile mass) estimation for HEU metal. NMIS employs a {sup 252}Cf …
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Mihalczo, J.T. & Mattingly, J.K.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
An Audit Report of the Department of Transportation's Highway Design Function (open access)

An Audit Report of the Department of Transportation's Highway Design Function

Report of the Texas State Auditor's Office related to the Department of Transportation's management and effective controls over the highway design function, specifically in regard to increased construction funding which is putting additional pressure on a highway design function that appears to be at capacity.
Date: February 2000
Creator: Texas. Office of the State Auditor.
Object Type: Report
System: The Portal to Texas History
An Audit Report on Management Controls at Texas Tech University System (open access)

An Audit Report on Management Controls at Texas Tech University System

Report of the Texas State Auditor's Office related to improvements in contract administration and strategic planning for research at Texas Tech University (University), which have a direct impact on the University's growth as a higher education institution with increased focus on research.
Date: February 2000
Creator: Texas. Office of the State Auditor.
Object Type: Report
System: The Portal to Texas History
An Audit Report on Selected Initiatives of the Child Support Division of the Office of the Attorney General (open access)

An Audit Report on Selected Initiatives of the Child Support Division of the Office of the Attorney General

Report of the Texas State Auditor's Office related to the Office of the Attorney General's (Office) design for two-day processing of child support payments as required by Welfare Reform legislation, and modifications needed for existing information systems that are critical meeting the two-day federal requirement.
Date: February 2000
Creator: Texas. Office of the State Auditor.
Object Type: Report
System: The Portal to Texas History
An Audit Report on the Comptroller of Public Accounts' Integrated Tax System (open access)

An Audit Report on the Comptroller of Public Accounts' Integrated Tax System

Report of the Texas State Auditor's Office related to the Integrated Tax System's controls, which ensure safeguarding of relevant state assets and correct reporting of tax revenues, all of which has made the Comptroller of Public Accounts (Comptroller) tax function more efficient and effective.
Date: February 2000
Creator: Texas. Office of the State Auditor.
Object Type: Report
System: The Portal to Texas History