Analysis of Pectin-derived Monosaccharides from Arabidopsis Using GC–MS (open access)

Analysis of Pectin-derived Monosaccharides from Arabidopsis Using GC–MS

Article describes how pectin is a complex polysaccharide present in the plant cell wall, whose composition is constantly remodeled to adapt to environmental or developmental changes. Here, authors describe a quick and efficient gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS)-based method that allows the differential analysis of pectin monosaccharide composition in plants under different conditions or between mutant plants and their respective wild types.
Date: August 20, 2023
Creator: Scholz, Patricia; Chapman, Kent Dean; Ischebeck, Till & Guzha, Athanas
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Quantification of Botrytis cinerea Growth in Arabidopsis thaliana (open access)

Quantification of Botrytis cinerea Growth in Arabidopsis thaliana

Article describes how yield losses attributed to plant pathogens pose a serious threat to plant productivity and food security. Here, the authors describe two methods to quantify B. cinerea development in Arabidopsis thaliana genotypes through measurements of lesion development and quantification of fungal genomic DNA in infected tissues.
Date: August 20, 2023
Creator: Scholz, Patricia; Chapman, Kent Dean; Ischebeck, Till & Guzha, Athanas
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Bibliometric Analysis of Integrated Pest Management Practices (open access)

Bibliometric Analysis of Integrated Pest Management Practices

Article discusses how integrated pest management (IPM) is a wide-ranging strategy that involves tactics for the structural control of pests and diseases, also known as integrated pest control (IPC). The authors' prime aim of this study is to explore global scientific publications regarding integrated pest management and map the recent global trends in this innovative research domain, thereby providing future research directions based on dynamic observations.
Date: July 26, 2023
Creator: Zhou, Xi; Yang, Chongxi; Yesmin, Sabina; Islam, Md Ashraful & Sarkar, Apurbo
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Whole-genome survey reveals extensive variation in genetic diversity and inbreeding levels among peregrine falcon subspecies (open access)

Whole-genome survey reveals extensive variation in genetic diversity and inbreeding levels among peregrine falcon subspecies

Article describes how, in efforts to prevent extinction, resource managers are often tasked with increasing genetic diversity in a population of concern to prevent inbreeding depression or improve adaptive potential in a changing environment. The authors used whole-genome resequencing to generate over two million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from multiple individuals of all peregrine falcon subspecies.
Date: July 20, 2023
Creator: Johnson, Jeff A.; Athrey, Giridhar; Anderson, Clifford M.; Bell, Douglas A.; Dixon, Andrew; Kumazawa, Yoshinori et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Survival rates in the world's southernmost forest bird community (open access)

Survival rates in the world's southernmost forest bird community

Article asserts that the Magellanic sub-Antarctic Forest is home to the world's southernmost avian community and is the only Southern Hemisphere analogue to Northern Hemisphere temperate forests at this latitude. Authors describe annual survival patterns and their association with climate variables using a 20-year mark–recapture data set of five forest bird species in the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve.
Date: June 20, 2023
Creator: Sandvig, Erik M.; Quilodrán, Claudio S.; Altamirano, Tomás A.; Aguirre, Francisco; Barroso, Omar; Rivero de Aguilar, Juan et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Metabolic and transcriptomic study of pennycress natural variation identifies targets for oil improvement (open access)

Metabolic and transcriptomic study of pennycress natural variation identifies targets for oil improvement

Article describes how, although pennycress, a winter annual, could be grown as a dedicated bioenergy crop, an increase in its seed oil content is required to improve its economic competitiveness. In this work, the authors combined biomass composition with metabolomic and transcriptomic studies of developing embryos from 22 pennycress natural variants to identify targets for oil improvement.
Date: June 19, 2023
Creator: Arias, Cintia Lucía; García Navarrete, Leidy Tatiana; Mukundi, Eric; Swanson, Tyler; Yang, Fan; Hernandez, Jonathan et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Histological features of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease revealed in response to mixed vehicle emission exposure and consumption of a high-fat diet in wildtype C57Bl/6 male mice (open access)

Histological features of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease revealed in response to mixed vehicle emission exposure and consumption of a high-fat diet in wildtype C57Bl/6 male mice

Article describes how non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently plaguing the population at pandemic proportions and is expected to become more prevalent over the next decade. The authors investigated the hypothesis that exposure to a mixture of gasoline and diesel engine emissions (MVE), coupled with the concurrent consumption of a HF diet, promotes the development of a NAFLD phenotype within the liver.
Date: June 6, 2023
Creator: Schneider, Leah J.; Santiago, Isabella; Johnson, Bailee; Stanley, Analana Hays; Penaredondo, Bea & Lund, Amie K.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Sibling Aggression, Feeding Rates, and Hatch Rank of Nestling Red-Shouldered Hawks (Buteo lineatus) (open access)

Sibling Aggression, Feeding Rates, and Hatch Rank of Nestling Red-Shouldered Hawks (Buteo lineatus)

Article describes how, in many raptor species, hatching asynchrony results in a size hierarchy among nestlings, which may facilitate brood reduction by means of sibling aggression-induced mortality, especially in times of low food resources. The authors studied the influence of hatch rank, brood size, and brood age on aggression and feeding rates among Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus) nestlings in suburban southwestern Ohio.
Date: May 25, 2023
Creator: Miller, Sara J.; Dykstra, Cheryl R.; Rolland, Virginie; Simon, Melinda M.; Hays, Jeffrey L. & Bednarz, James C.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Biocultural Calendars Across Four Ethnolinguistic Communities in Southwestern South America (open access)

Biocultural Calendars Across Four Ethnolinguistic Communities in Southwestern South America

Article describes how, since the mid-20th century, the so-called Great Acceleration has amplified processes of ecosystem degradation, extinction of biological species, displacement of local peoples, losses of languages, and cultural diversity. The authors examine cultural practices and socio-environmental changes across four contrasting ethnolinguistic communities in southwestern South America, from southern to northern Chile along a marked climatic gradient to show the broad application of the concept of biocultural calendars.
Date: April 20, 2023
Creator: Rozzi, Ricardo, 1960-; Álvarez, Ricardo; Castro, Victoria; Núñez, David; Ojeda, Jaime & Tauro, Alejandra
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Exposure to diesel exhaust particulates and desert sand dust generates microvesicle particles and platelet-activating factor agonists (open access)

Exposure to diesel exhaust particulates and desert sand dust generates microvesicle particles and platelet-activating factor agonists

The authors address the editor in their article, stating that the majority of the general population, particularly, servicemen and women deployed across the globe are exposed to various airborne hazards, including diesel exhaust particulate (DEP) and desert sand dust (DSD). Studies, including the author's study, have shown that exposure to ROS-generating pro-oxidative stressors ranging from environmental carcinogens to pollutants, including cigarette smoke, produces a class of potent phospholipid mediators, Platelet-activating factor (PAF) and PAF-like agonists via oxidative cleavage of lipid membrane glycerophosphocholines (GPCs).
Date: April 8, 2023
Creator: Thyagarajan, Anita; Rapp, Christine M.; Schneider, Leah; Lund, Amie K.; Travers, Jeffrey B. & Sahu, Ravi P.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Replicate DNA metabarcoding can discriminate seasonal and spatial abundance shifts in river macroinvertebrate assemblages (open access)

Replicate DNA metabarcoding can discriminate seasonal and spatial abundance shifts in river macroinvertebrate assemblages

Article asserts that the delivery of consistent and accurate fine-resolution data on biodiversity using metabarcoding promises to improve environmental assessment and research. The authors propose a novel hierarchical approach to recovering abundance information from metabarcoding, and demonstrate this technique using benthic macroinvertebrates.
Date: March 31, 2023
Creator: Bush, A.; Compson, Z.; Rideout, N. K.; Levenstein, B.; Kattilakoski, M.; Hajibabaei, M. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Correction: Vu et al. Specific Changes in Arabidopsis thaliana Rosette Lipids during Freezing Can Be Associated with Freezing Tolerance. Metabolites 2022, 12, 385 (open access)

Correction: Vu et al. Specific Changes in Arabidopsis thaliana Rosette Lipids during Freezing Can Be Associated with Freezing Tolerance. Metabolites 2022, 12, 385

Article is a correction to an error in the original publication. The enzymatic step catalyzed by oxophytodienoic acid reductase 3 was misstated. A correction has been made to Section 2. Results and Discussion, Subsection 2.13. Lipids of Plants with Mutations in Lipid-Related Genes, Paragraph 1.
Date: March 30, 2023
Creator: Vu, Hieu Sy; Shiva, Sunitha; Samarakoon, Thilani; Li, Maoyin; Sarowar, Sujon; Roth, Mary R. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Urinary Glycosaminoglycans Are Associated with Recurrent UTI and Urobiome Ecology in Postmenopausal Women (open access)

Urinary Glycosaminoglycans Are Associated with Recurrent UTI and Urobiome Ecology in Postmenopausal Women

Article asserts that glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are linear, negatively charged polysaccharides composed of repeating disaccharide units of uronic acid and amino sugars. To investigate the relationship between GAGs and recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI), the authors profiled urinary GAGs in a controlled cohort of postmenopausal women.
Date: March 21, 2023
Creator: Neugent, Michael L.; Hulyalkar, Neha V.; Kumar, Ashwani; Xing, Chao; Zimmern, Philippe E.; Shulaev, Vladimir et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
A Highly Contiguous and Annotated Genome Assembly of the Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) (open access)

A Highly Contiguous and Annotated Genome Assembly of the Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus)

Article asserts that the Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus; LEPC) is an iconic North American prairie grouse, renowned for ornate and spectacular breeding season displays, a species that has been declining in population across much of its historical range, with corresponding precipitous declines in contemporary population abundance, largely due to climatic and anthropogenic factors. The authors describe an annotated reference genome that was generated from a LEPC sample collected from the southern DPS.
Date: March 17, 2023
Creator: Black, Andrew N.; Bondo, Kristin J.; Mularo, Andrew; Hernandez, Alvaro; Yu, Yachi; Stein, Carleigh M. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
FERONIA and wall-associated kinases coordinate defense induced by lignin modification in plant cell walls (open access)

FERONIA and wall-associated kinases coordinate defense induced by lignin modification in plant cell walls

Article discusses authors' findings that through genetic screening for suppressors of defense gene induction in the low lignin ccr1-3 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, we found that loss of function of the receptor-like kinase FERONIA, although not restoring growth, affected cell wall remodeling and blocked release of elicitor-active pectic polysaccharides as a result of the ccr1-3 mutation. They determine that engineering plant cell walls will require development of ways to bypass endogenous pectin signaling pathways.
Date: March 10, 2023
Creator: Liu, Chang; Yu, Hasi; Voxeur, Aline; Rao, Xiaolan & Dixon, R. A.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Effects of cultivar and nitrogen application rate on lint, seed, oil, and protein yields of field-grown cotton (open access)

Effects of cultivar and nitrogen application rate on lint, seed, oil, and protein yields of field-grown cotton

Article describes how the objective of this study was to evaluate the lint, seed, oil, and protein yield responses of cultivars with different seed mass and composition to N application rates (0–168 kg N ha−1) for field-grown cotton. The authors conclude that variability in the distribution of photosynthates to fiber and seed as well as seed oil and protein composition can significantly alter trends in fiber, seed, and seed component yields in response to cultivar or N application rates for field-grown cotton.
Date: March 9, 2023
Creator: Parkash, Ved; Snider, John L.; Bruce, Aaron; Ermanis, Alessandro; Virk, Gurpreet; Kaur, Navneet et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Seeing plants as never before (open access)

Seeing plants as never before

Authors of the article assert that imaging has long supported our ability to understand the inner life of plants, their development, and response to a dynamic environment. The purpose of this review was to provide the scientific community with an overview of current imaging methods, which rely variously on either nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), mass spectrometry (MS) or infrared (IR) spectroscopy, and to present some examples of their application in order to illustrate their utility.
Date: March 9, 2023
Creator: Borisjuk, Ljudmilla; Horn, Patrick J.; Chapman, Kent Dean; Jakob, Peter M.; Gündel, Andre & Rolletschek, Hardy
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
POSMM: an efficient alignment-free metagenomic profiler that complements alignment-based profiling (open access)

POSMM: an efficient alignment-free metagenomic profiler that complements alignment-based profiling

Article presents POSMM, Python-Optimized Standard Markov Model classifier, which is a new incarnation of the Markov model approach to metagenomic sequence analysis. The authors claim that by combining POSMM with ultrafast classifiers such as Kraken2, their complementary strengths can be leveraged to produce higher overall accuracy in metagenomic sequence classification than by either as a standalone classifier. POSMM is a user-friendly and highly adaptable tool designed for broad use by the metagenome scientific community.
Date: March 8, 2023
Creator: Burks, David J.; Pusadkar, Vaidehi & Azad, Rajeev K.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
A modified aeroponic system for growing small-seeded legumes and other plants to study root systems (open access)

A modified aeroponic system for growing small-seeded legumes and other plants to study root systems

Authors of the article state that various growth systems are available for studying plant root growth and plant–microbe interactions including hydroponics and aeroponics. The aim of their study is to present step-by-step instructions for fabricating an aeroponic system, also called a “caisson,” that has been in use in several legume research labs studying the development of symbiotic nitrogen fixing nodules, but for which detailed directions are not currently available.
Date: March 3, 2023
Creator: Cai, Jingya; Veerappan, Vijaykumar; Arildsen, Kate; Sullivan, Catrina; Piechowicz, Megan; Frugoli, Julia et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Genetic Differentiation of the South Florida Red-Shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus extimus) from the Nominate Subspecies (Buteo lineatus lineatus) (open access)

Genetic Differentiation of the South Florida Red-Shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus extimus) from the Nominate Subspecies (Buteo lineatus lineatus)

Article discusses how the south Florida subspecies of the Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus extimus) is distinctly paler and smaller than other subspecies, reproduces at a lower rate, and can occupy very different habitats such as open marshes and grasslands with only scattered trees. The authors evaluated population differentiation between the south Florida population of Red-shouldered Hawks and two populations of eastern Red-shouldered Hawks (B. l. lineatus) in suburban (Cincinnati) and rural (Hocking Hills) environments in southern Ohio.
Date: March 1, 2023
Creator: Dykstra, Madeline A.; Marain, Donna M.; Wrona, Anna M.; Dysktra, Cheryl R.; Farrington, Heather L.; Johnson, Jeff A. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Insights into the Bioinformatics and Transcriptional Analysis of the Elongator Complexes (ELPs) Gene Family of Wheat: TaELPs Contribute to Wheat Abiotic Stress Tolerance and Leaf Senescence (open access)

Insights into the Bioinformatics and Transcriptional Analysis of the Elongator Complexes (ELPs) Gene Family of Wheat: TaELPs Contribute to Wheat Abiotic Stress Tolerance and Leaf Senescence

Article states that elongator complexes (ELPs) are the protein complexes that promote transcription through histone acetylation in eukaryotic cells and interact with elongating RNA polymerase II. ELPs’ role in plant growth and development, signal transduction, and response to biotic and abiotic stresses have been confirmed in model plants, but the functions of the wheat ELP genes are not well documented. The present study identified 18 members of the ELPs from the wheat genome with a homology search.
Date: February 20, 2023
Creator: Guo, Feng; Islam, Md Ashraful; Lv, Chenxu; Jin, Xiujuan; Sun, Lili; Zhao, Kai et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Effectiveness of a Single Prolonged Aerobic Exercise Session on Executive Function Task Performance in Physically Active Adults (21–70 Years of Age) (open access)

Effectiveness of a Single Prolonged Aerobic Exercise Session on Executive Function Task Performance in Physically Active Adults (21–70 Years of Age)

Authors of the article sought to examine the effectiveness of an acute prolonged exercise session on post-exercise executive function in physically active adults and to assess if age or pre-exercise cognitive performance was predictive of the magnitude of change in executive task performance. Their results support the effectiveness of a single prolonged exercise bout to augment executive function in physically active adults, irrespective of age.
Date: February 4, 2023
Creator: Yates, Brandon A.; Armstrong, Lawrence E.; Lee, Elaine C.; Unverzagt, Frederick W.; Dadzie, Ekow Jr.; Williamson, Keith et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Homologues and homology and their related terms in phylogenetic systematics (open access)

Homologues and homology and their related terms in phylogenetic systematics

Article describes how, in the field of phylogenetic systematics, the terms homology and homologue and their relationship to cladistic terms such as character, character state, synapomorphy and symplesiomorphy, as well as their relationships to each other, have been and are still discussed frequently. A recent re-emergence of concepts of homology/homologue free of any reference to explanatory hypotheses prompted the authors to explore these concepts and their relationships to each other as well as to the concept of morpheme, as introduced recently.
Date: February 4, 2023
Creator: Göpel, Torben & Richter, Stefan
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Progress in understanding and improving oil content and quality in seeds (open access)

Progress in understanding and improving oil content and quality in seeds

Article asserts that the world’s population is projected to increase by two billion by 2050, resulting in food and energy insecurity. This review provides a summary of the current knowledge of oil metabolism and discusses how photochemical activity and unconventional pathways can contribute to high carbon conversion efficiency in seeds.
Date: January 26, 2023
Creator: Sagun, Julius Ver; Yadav, Umesh P. & Alonso, Ana Paula
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library