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2005 Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) Report for the Calispell Creek Project (open access)

2005 Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) Report for the Calispell Creek Project

On July 13, 2004, the Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) was used to determine baseline habitat suitability on the Calispell Creek property, an acquisition completed by the Kalispel Tribe of Indians in February 2004. Evaluation species and appropriate models include Canada goose, mallard, muskrat, yellow warbler, and white-tailed deer. Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) values were visually estimated and agreed upon by all HEP team members. The Calispell Creek Project provides a total of 138.17 Habitat Units (HUs) for the species evaluated. Emergent wetland habitat provides 5.16 HUs for mallard and muskrat. Grassland provides 132.02 HUs for mallard and Canada goose. Scrub-shrub vegetation provides 0.99 HUs for yellow warbler and white-tailed deer. The objective of using HEP at the Calispell Creek Project and other protected properties is to document the quality and quantity of available habitat for selected wildlife species. In this way, HEP provides information on the relative value of the same area at future points in time so that the effect of management activities on wildlife habitat can be quantified. When combined with other tools, the baseline HEP will be used to determine the most effective on-site management, restoration, and enhancement actions to increase habitat suitability for targeted species. The …
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Entz, Ray
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government (open access)

21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government

A chapter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "This report is intended to help the Congress in reviewing and reconsidering the base of federal spending and tax programs. It is intended as one input among many that Congress will receive as it decides what its agenda will be for oversight and program review. We have framed the issues presented as illustrative questions for policymakers to consider as a supplement to their own efforts. The questions are drawn from GAO's issued work, our strategic plan prepared in consultation with the Congress, input from several inspectors general and the institutional knowledge of our staff. They cover discretionary spending, mandatory spending, including entitlements, as well as tax policies and programs. While answers to these questions may draw on the work of GAO and others, only elected officials can and should decide which questions to address as well as how and when to address them. The report is organized in three sections. The first section sets the stage by providing the rationale for reexamining the base of the federal government and the scope of GAO's effort. The second section is organized around 12 areas of federal activity and …
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
3rd Tech DeltaSphere-3000 Laser 3D Scene Digitizer infrared laser scanner hazard analysis. (open access)

3rd Tech DeltaSphere-3000 Laser 3D Scene Digitizer infrared laser scanner hazard analysis.

A laser hazard analysis and safety assessment was performed for the 3rd Tech model DeltaSphere-3000{reg_sign} Laser 3D Scene Digitizer, infrared laser scanner model based on the 2000 version of the American National Standard Institute's Standard Z136.1, for the Safe Use of Lasers. The portable scanner system is used in the Robotic Manufacturing Science and Engineering Laboratory (RMSEL). This scanning system had been proposed to be a demonstrator for a new application. The manufacture lists the Nominal Ocular Hazard Distance (NOHD) as less than 2 meters. It was necessary that SNL validate this NOHD prior to its use as a demonstrator involving the general public. A formal laser hazard analysis is presented for the typical mode of operation for the current configuration as well as a possible modified mode and alternative configuration.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Augustoni, Arnold L.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
79th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, House Concurrent Resolution 33 (open access)

79th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, House Concurrent Resolution 33

Concurrent resolution introduced by the Texas House of Representatives and Senate inviting the chief justice of the Supreme Court of Texas to address a joint session of the legislature on Wednesday, February 23, 2005.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives.
Object Type: Legislative Document
System: The Portal to Texas History
Acoustic Emission Precursors of M6.0 2004 Parkfield and M7.0 1989Loma Prieta Earthquakes (open access)

Acoustic Emission Precursors of M6.0 2004 Parkfield and M7.0 1989Loma Prieta Earthquakes

Two recent strike-slip earthquakes on the San Andreas Fault(SAF) in California, the M6.0 2004 Parkfield and M7.0 1989 Loma Prietaevents, revealed peaks in the acoustic emission (AE) activity in thesurrounding crust several months prior to the main events. Earthquakesdirectly within the SAF zone were intentionally excluded from theanalysis. The observed increase in AE is assumed to be a signature of theincreasing stress level in the surrounding crust, while the peak andsubsequent decrease in AE starting several months prior to the mainevents is attributed to damage-induced softening processes as discussedherein. Further, distinctive zones of low seismic activity surroundingthe epicentral regions in the pre-event time period are present for thetwo studied events. Both AE increases in the crust surrounding apotential future event and the development of a low-seismicity epicentralzone can be regarded as promising precursory information that could helpsignal the arrival of large earthquakes.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Korneev, Valeri
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Adaptive Full-Spectrum Solar Energy Systems Cross-Cutting R&D on Adaptive Full-Spectrum Solar Energy Systems for More Efficient and Affordable Use of Solar Energy in Buildings and Hybrid Photobioreactors (open access)

Adaptive Full-Spectrum Solar Energy Systems Cross-Cutting R&D on Adaptive Full-Spectrum Solar Energy Systems for More Efficient and Affordable Use of Solar Energy in Buildings and Hybrid Photobioreactors

This RD&D project is a three year team effort to develop a hybrid solar lighting (HSL) system that transports daylight from a paraboloidal dish concentrator to a luminaire via a bundle of small core or a large core polymer fiber optics. The luminaire can be a device to distribute sunlight into a space for the production of algae or it can be a device that is a combination of daylighting and electric lighting for space/task lighting. In this project, the sunlight is collected using a one-meter paraboloidal concentrator dish with two-axis tracking. For the second generation (alpha) system, the secondary mirror is an ellipsoidal mirror that directs the visible light into a bundle of small-core fibers. The IR spectrum is filtered out to minimize unnecessary heating at the fiber entrance region. This report describes the following investigations of various aspects of the system: (1) Performance specifications were developed for the tracking subsystem and collector optics, (2) Thermal management experiments for the fiber optic bundle entrance region, and (3) Bioreactor testing, cost-modeling, and redesign. Much of the planned work has been slowed due to significant procurement delays of the primary mirror. However, taken as a whole, they do confirm progress towards …
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Wood, Byard D. & Muhs, Jeff D.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative - Projected Linear Heat Generation Rate and Burnup Calculations (open access)

Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative - Projected Linear Heat Generation Rate and Burnup Calculations

This report provides documentation of the physics analysis performed to determine the linear heat generation rate (LHGR) and burnup calculations for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) tests, AFC-1D, AFC-1H, and AFC-1G. The AFC-1D and AFC-1H tests consists of low-fertile metallic fuel compositions and the AFC-1G test consists of non-fertile and low-fertile nitride compositions. These tests will be irradiated in the East Flux Trap (EFT) positions E1, E2, and E3, respectively, during Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) Cycle 135B.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Ambrosek, Richard G.; Chang, Gray S. & Utterbeck, Debbie J.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS SEPARATION OF CESIUM AND STRONTIUM FROM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL (open access)

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS SEPARATION OF CESIUM AND STRONTIUM FROM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL

Two new solvent extraction technologies have been recently developed to simultaneously separate cesium and strontium from spent nuclear fuel, following dissolution in nitric acid. The first process utilizes a solvent consisting of chlorinated cobalt dicarbollide and polyethylene glycol extractants in a phenyltrifluoromethyl sulfone diluent. Recent improvements to the process include development of a new, non-nitroaromatic diluent and development of new stripping reagents, including a regenerable strip reagent that can be recovered and recycled. This new strip reagent reduces product volume by a factor of 20, over the baseline process. Countercurrent flowsheet tests on simulated spent nuclear fuel feed streams have been performed with both cesium and strontium removal efficiencies of greater than 99 %. The second process developed to simultaneously separate cesium and strontium from spent nuclear fuel is based on two highly-specific extractants: 4',4',(5')-Di-(t-butyldicyclo-hexano)-18-crown-6 (DtBuCH18C6) and Calix[4]arene-bis-(tert-octylbenzo-crown-6) (BOBCalixC6). The DtBuCH18C6 extractant is selective for strontium and the BOBCalixC6 extractant is selective for cesium. A solvent composition has been developed that enables both elements to be removed together and, in fact, a synergistic effect was observed with strontium distributions in the combined solvent that are much higher that in the strontium extraction (SREX) process. Initial laboratory test results of the …
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Law, Jack D.; Todd, Terry A.; Herbst, R. Scott; Meikrantz, David H.; Peterman, Dean R.; Riddle, Catherine L. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
AFM-Based Microelectrical Characterization of Grain Boundaries in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Films (open access)

AFM-Based Microelectrical Characterization of Grain Boundaries in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Films

We report on a direct measurement of two-dimensional potential distribution on the surface of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films using a nanoscale electrical characterization of scanning Kelvin probe microscopy both in air and in ultra-high vacuum. The potential measurement reveals a higher surface potential or a smaller work function on grain boundaries (GBs) of the film than on the grain surfaces. This demonstrates the existence of a local built-in potential on GBs, and the GB is positively charged. The role of the built-in potential in device performance was further examined and found to be positive, by tuning Ga content or bandgap of the film. With increasing Ga content, the potential drops sharply in a Ga range of 28%-38%. Comparing the change in the built-in potential to the theoretical and experimental photoconversion efficiencies, we conclude that the potential plays a significant role in the device conversion efficiency of NREL's three-stage Cu(In,Ga)Se2 device.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Jiang, C. S.; Noufi, R.; Ramanathan, K.; AbuShama, J. A.; Moutinho, H. R. & Al-Jassim, M. M.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
AIDS in Africa (open access)

AIDS in Africa

This report discusses the AIDS issues in Africa and the Bush administration call to double U.S. international funding for AIDS.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
ALEGRA-HEDP : version 4.6. (open access)

ALEGRA-HEDP : version 4.6.

ALEGRA is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian finite element code that emphasizes large distortion and shock propagation in inviscid fluids and solids. This document describes user options for modeling resistive magnetohydrodynamics, thermal conduction, and radiation transport effects, and two material temperature physics.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Garasi, Christopher Joseph; Cochrane, Kyle Robert; Mehlhorn, Thomas Alan; Haill, Thomas A.; Brunner, Thomas A.; Summers, Randall M. et al.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Altus Times (Altus, Okla.), Vol. 106, No. 255, Ed. 1 Tuesday, February 1, 2005 (open access)

Altus Times (Altus, Okla.), Vol. 106, No. 255, Ed. 1 Tuesday, February 1, 2005

Daily newspaper from Altus, Oklahoma that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Andrews, Mike
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Gateway to Oklahoma History
Analysis of Depletion-Region Collection in GaInNAs Solar Cells (open access)

Analysis of Depletion-Region Collection in GaInNAs Solar Cells

We provide qualitative insight into depletion-region collection in GaInNAs cells to (1) understand the effect of diffusion length L on the QE; and (2) describe the magnitude of L required to get adequate current from the cell. We use Wolf's equations for the QE including a drift field E, and model E as being equal to the junction built-in voltage distributed uniformly across the depletion region. This allows us to calculate the QE as a function of L and depletion width WD. We show that if L is sufficiently small, increasing WD can actually decrease the QE. To determine how long L needs to be in a practical GaInNAs junction, we calculate from the QE the short-circuit current density as a function of WD and L. This allows us to estimate that Lambipolar needs to be greater than roughly 1 {micro}m in order to obtain enough photocurrent for the 4-junction application, giving guidance to the experimental effort to develop such cells.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Friedman, D. J.; Ptak, A. J.; Kurtz, S. R. & Geisz, J. F.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
An Analytic Tool to Investigate the Effect of Binder on the Sensitivity of HMX-Based Plastic Bonded Explosives in the Skid Test (open access)

An Analytic Tool to Investigate the Effect of Binder on the Sensitivity of HMX-Based Plastic Bonded Explosives in the Skid Test

This project will develop an analytical tool to calculate performance of HMX based PBXs in the skid test. The skid-test is used as a means to measure sensitivity for large charges in handling situations. Each series of skid tests requires dozens of drops of large billets. It is proposed that the reaction (or lack of one) of PBXs in the skid test is governed by the mechanical properties of the binder. If true, one might be able to develop an analytical tool to estimate skid test behavior for new PBX formulations. Others over the past 50 years have tried to develop similar models. This project will research and summarize the works of others and couple the work of 3 into an analytical tool that can be run on a PC to calculate drop height of HMX based PBXs. Detonation due to dropping a billet is argued to be a dynamic thermal event. To avoid detonation, the heat created due to friction at impact, must be conducted into the charge or the target faster than the chemical kinetics can create additional energy. The methodology will involve numerically solving the Frank-Kamenetskii equation in one dimension. The analytical problem needs to be bounded …
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Hayden, D. W.
Object Type: Thesis or Dissertation
System: The UNT Digital Library
Asupra sumelor de puteri asemenea (open access)

Asupra sumelor de puteri asemenea

Article addressing, from a historical perspective, Newton's sums of like powers of natural numbers.
Date: February 2005
Creator: Anghel, Nicolae
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Beryllium Technology Research in the United States (open access)

Beryllium Technology Research in the United States

While most active research involving beryllium in the United States remains tied strongly to biological effects, there are several areas of technology development in the last two years that should be mentioned. (1) Beryllium disposed of in soil vaults at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) has been encapsulated in-situ by high-temperature and pressure injection of a proprietary wax based material to inhibit corrosion. (2) A research program to develop a process for removing heavy metals and cobalt from irradiated beryllium using solvent extraction techniques has been initiated to remove components that prevent the beryllium from being disposed of as ordinary radioactive waste. (3) The JUPITER-II program at the INL Safety and Tritium Applied Research (STAR) facility has addressed the REDOX reaction of beryllium in molten Flibe (a mixture of LiF and BeF2) to control tritium, particularly in the form of HF, bred in the Flibe by reactions involving both beryllium and lithium. (4) Work has been performed at Los Alamos National Laboratory to produce beryllium high heat flux components by plasma spray deposition on macro-roughened substrates. Finally, (5) corrosion studies on buried beryllium samples at the RWMC have shown that the physical form of some …
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Longhurst, Glen R.; Anderl, Robert A.; Adleer-Flitton, M. Kay; Matthern, Gretchen E.; Tranter, Troy J. & Hollis, Kendall J.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Beyond Commissioning: The Role of Automation (open access)

Beyond Commissioning: The Role of Automation

This article takes a brief look at the benefits of commissioning and describes a vision of the future where most of the objectives of commissioning will be accomplished automatically by capabilities built into the building systems themselves. Commissioning will become an activity that's performed continuously rather than periodically, and only repairs requiring replacement or overhaul of equipment will require manual intervention. The article then identifies some of the technologies that will be needed to realize this vision and ends with a call for all involved in the enterprise of building commissioning and automation to embrace and dedicate themselves to a future of automated commissioning.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Brambley, Michael R. & Katipamula, Srinivas
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Boerne Star & Hill Country Recorder (Boerne, Tex.), Vol. 99, No. 2, Ed. 1 Tuesday, February 1, 2005 (open access)

Boerne Star & Hill Country Recorder (Boerne, Tex.), Vol. 99, No. 2, Ed. 1 Tuesday, February 1, 2005

Semiweekly newspaper from Boerne, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Watson, Steven G.
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Portal to Texas History
Border Business Indicators, Volume 29, Number 2, February 2005 (open access)

Border Business Indicators, Volume 29, Number 2, February 2005

Monthly publication documenting statistics related to economic information in the Mexico-Texas border areas including types of border crossings, employment, customs revenues, and other related data.
Date: February 2005
Creator: Texas Center for Border Economic and Enterprise Development
Object Type: Journal/Magazine/Newsletter
System: The Portal to Texas History
Bounds on the neutrino mixing angles and CP phase for an SO(10) model with lopsided mass matrices (open access)

Bounds on the neutrino mixing angles and CP phase for an SO(10) model with lopsided mass matrices

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Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Albright, Carl H. & /Fermilab, /Northern Illinois U.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Brady Standard-Herald and Heart O' Texas News (Brady, Tex.), Ed. 1 Tuesday, February 1, 2005 (open access)

Brady Standard-Herald and Heart O' Texas News (Brady, Tex.), Ed. 1 Tuesday, February 1, 2005

Semiweekly newspaper from Brady, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Stewart, James E.
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Portal to Texas History
Building America Research Benchmark Definition, Updated December 29, 2004 (open access)

Building America Research Benchmark Definition, Updated December 29, 2004

To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Residential Buildings Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. A series of user profiles, intended to represent the behavior of a ''standard'' set of occupants, was created for use in conjunction with the Benchmark.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Hendron, R.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Calculation set for design and optimization of vegetative soil covers Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. (open access)

Calculation set for design and optimization of vegetative soil covers Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

This study demonstrates that containment of municipal and hazardous waste in arid and semiarid environments can be accomplished effectively without traditional, synthetic materials and complex, multi-layer systems. This research demonstrates that closure covers combining layers of natural soil, native plant species, and climatic conditions to form a sustainable, functioning ecosystem will meet the technical equivalency criteria prescribed by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. In this study, percolation through a natural analogue and an engineered cover is simulated using the one-dimensional, numerical code UNSAT-H. UNSAT-H is a Richards. equation-based model that simulates soil water infiltration, unsaturated flow, redistribution, evaporation, plant transpiration, and deep percolation. This study incorporates conservative, site-specific soil hydraulic and vegetation parameters. Historical meteorological data are used to simulate percolation through the natural analogue and an engineered cover, with and without vegetation. This study indicates that a 3-foot (ft) cover in arid and semiarid environments is the minimum design thickness necessary to meet the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency-prescribed technical equivalency criteria of 31.5 millimeters/year and 1 x 10{sup -7} centimeters/second for net annual percolation and average flux, respectively. Increasing cover thickness to 4 or 5 ft results in limited additional improvement in cover performance.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Peace, Gerald L. & Goering, Timothy James (GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM)
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The Challenges Associated with High Burnup and High Temperature for UO2 TRISO-Coated Particle Fuel (open access)

The Challenges Associated with High Burnup and High Temperature for UO2 TRISO-Coated Particle Fuel

The fuel service conditions for the DOE Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) will be challenging. All major fuel related design parameters (burnup, temperature, fast neutron fluence, power density, particle packing fraction) exceed the values that were qualified in the successful German UO2 TRISO-coated particle fuel development program in the 1980s. While TRISO-coated particle fuel has been irradiated at NGNP relevant levels for two or three of the design parameters, no data exist for TRISO-coated particle fuel for all five parameters simultaneously. Of particular concern are the high burnup and high temperatures expected in the NGNP. In this paper, where possible, we evaluate the challenges associated with high burnup and high temperature quantitatively by examining the performance of the fuel in terms of different known failure mechanisms. Potential design solutions to ameliorate the negative effects of high burnup and high temperature are also discussed.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Petti, David & Maki, John
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library