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Abortion: Legislative Response (open access)

Abortion: Legislative Response

The primary focus of this issue brief is legislative action in the 107th Congress with respect to abortion. However, discussion of those legislative proposals necessarily involves a brief discussion of the leading U.S. Supreme Court decisions concerning a woman’s right to choose whether to terminate her pregnancy. For a more detailed discussion of the relevant case law, see CRS Report 95-724, Abortion Law Development: A Brief Overview.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Lewis, Karen J.; Shimabukuro, Jon O. & Ely, Dana
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
AIDS in Africa (open access)

AIDS in Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa has been far more severely affected by AIDS than any other part of the world. The United Nations reports that 25.3 million adults and children are infected with the HIV virus in the region, which has about 10% of the world's population but more than 70% of the worldwide total of infected people. This report discusses this issue in detail, including the cause of the African AIDS epidemic, the social and economic consequences, response and treatment, and U.S. policy.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Altus Times (Altus, Okla.), Vol. 104, No. 250, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003 (open access)

Altus Times (Altus, Okla.), Vol. 104, No. 250, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003

Daily newspaper from Altus, Oklahoma that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Bush, Michael
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Gateway to Oklahoma History
Application of Chemically Accelerated Biotreatment to Reduce Riskin Oil-Impacted Soils: Final Report (open access)

Application of Chemically Accelerated Biotreatment to Reduce Riskin Oil-Impacted Soils: Final Report

The drilling and operation of gas/petroleum exploratory wells and the operations of natural gas and petroleum production wells generate a number of waste materials that are usually stored and/or processed at the drilling/operations site. Contaminated soils result from drilling operations, production operations, and pipeline breaks or leaks where crude oil and petroleum products are released into the surrounding soil or sediments. In many cases, intrinsic biochemical remediation of these contaminated soils is either not effective or is too slow to be an acceptable approach. This project targeted petroleum-impacted soil and other wastes, such as soil contaminated by: accidental release of petroleum and natural gas-associated organic wastes from pipelines or during transport of crude oil or natural gas; production wastes (such as produced waters, and/or fuels or product gas). Our research evaluated the process designated Chemically-Accelerated Biotreatment (CAB) that can be applied to remediate contaminated matrices, either on-site or in situ. The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) had previously developed a form of CAB for the remediation of hydrocarbons and metals at Manufactured Gas Plant (MGP) sites and this research project expanded its application into Exploration and Production (E&P) sites. The CAB treatment was developed in this project using risk-based endpoints, a.k.a. …
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Paterek, J.R.; W.W.Bogan; Trbovic, V. & Sullivan, W.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The Baytown Sun (Baytown, Tex.), Vol. 81, No. 43, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003 (open access)

The Baytown Sun (Baytown, Tex.), Vol. 81, No. 43, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003

Daily newspaper from Baytown, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Cash, Wanda Garner
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Portal to Texas History
The Boerne Star (Boerne, Tex.), Vol. 97, No. 2, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003 (open access)

The Boerne Star (Boerne, Tex.), Vol. 97, No. 2, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003

Semiweekly newspaper from Boerne, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Cartwright, Brian & Collins, Valerie
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Portal to Texas History
Bosnia: U.S. Military Operations (open access)

Bosnia: U.S. Military Operations

This report outlines U.S. military operations in Bosnia and discusses issues such as U.S. and Allied Participation in Bosnia Peacekeeping (IFOR/SFOR), duration, cost, arms control and military assistance. This report also includes most recent development, background analysis, and legislation.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Bowman, Steven R.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Brady Standard-Herald and Heart O' Texas News (Brady, Tex.), Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003 (open access)

Brady Standard-Herald and Heart O' Texas News (Brady, Tex.), Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003

Semiweekly newspaper from Brady, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Stewart, James E.
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Portal to Texas History
Characterization of Tank 19 Residual Waste (open access)

Characterization of Tank 19 Residual Waste

This report documents the basis for the residual waste inventories that will be used in the Tank 19 fate and transport modeling.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Thomas, J.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Characterization Plan for Fiscal Year 2002 Immobilized Low-Activity Waste Site Characterization Boreholes (open access)

Characterization Plan for Fiscal Year 2002 Immobilized Low-Activity Waste Site Characterization Boreholes

The U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site has the most diverse and largest amounts of radioactive tank waste in the United States. High-level radioactive waste has been stored at Hanford since 1944. Approximately 209,000 m3 (54 Mgal) of waste are currently stored in 177 tanks. Vitrification and onsite disposal of low-activity tank waste (LAW) are embodied in the strategy described in the Tri-Party Agreement. The tank waste is to be retrieved, separated into low- and high-level fractions, and then immobilized. The low-activity vitrified waste will be disposed of in the 200 East Area of the Hanford Site. This report is a plan to drill and characterize three borehole for the Performance Assessment. The plan describes data collection activities for determining physical and chemical properties of the vadose zone and saturated zone on the northeast side of the proposed disposal site. These data will then be used in the 2005 Performance Assessment.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Reidel, Steve P.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress (open access)

Chemical Weapons Convention: Issues for Congress

The CWC bans the development, production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons by members signatories. It also requires the destruction of all chemical weapons stockpiles and production facilities. Neither the United States nor Russia will be able to meet the original CWC’s deadlines for destruction of their CW stockpiles, and have been granted extensions to at least 2012. The Convention provides the most extensive and intrusive verification regime of any arms control treaty, extending its coverage to not only governmental but also civilian facilities. The Convention also requires export controls and reporting requirements on chemicals that can be used as warfare agents and their precursors. The CWC establishes the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to oversee the Convention’s implementation.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Bowman, Steven R.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Combating Terrorism: First Emergency Supplemental Appropriations - Distribution of Funds to Departments and Agencies (open access)

Combating Terrorism: First Emergency Supplemental Appropriations - Distribution of Funds to Departments and Agencies

This report provides background on the 2001 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States, P.L. 107-38 (H.R. 2888) as well as the criteria for use of the funds developed by The Office of Management and Budget (OMB). It also outlines information about supplemental fund distributions in three tables.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Riehl, James R.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library

The Creation of the Science Commission

For 155 years, the Smithsonian Institution has had as its mission "the increase and diffusion of knowledge." Given the important questions facing the scientific world today, the existing level of institutional financial and physical resources, the strengths of the Institution's people and its collections, how should the Smithsonian set priorities for scientific research in the years ahead and, in general, carry out its historic mission more effectively? 1) How should scientific research be organized to optimize the use of the Institution's human, physical and financial resources? 2) How should the performance of scientific research by individuals and research departments be evaluated? 3) How can the relationship between research and public programming be enhanced? 4) What suggestions, of any type might the Science Commission have to strengthen research at the Smithsonian? 5) What should be the qualifications of those chosen to lead key scientific research units of the Smithsonian? 6) What should be done to enhance public recognition of Smithsonian science?
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Smithsonian Institution Science Commission
Object Type: Website
System: The UNT Digital Library
Daily Journal (Perry, Okla.), Vol. 110, No. 4, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003 (open access)

Daily Journal (Perry, Okla.), Vol. 110, No. 4, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003

Daily newspaper from Perry, Oklahoma that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Brown, Gloria
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Gateway to Oklahoma History
DNA Base Damage: A Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Study of Guanine and Thymine with an OH Radical (open access)

DNA Base Damage: A Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Study of Guanine and Thymine with an OH Radical

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Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Wu, Y; Mundy, C J; Colvin, M E & Car, R
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Effects of 108 Days Tritium Exposure on UHMW-PE, PTFE, and Vespel(R) (open access)

Effects of 108 Days Tritium Exposure on UHMW-PE, PTFE, and Vespel(R)

Samples of three polymers, Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMW-PE), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), also known as Teflon(R), and Vespel(R) polyimide were exposed to 1 atmosphere of tritium gas at ambient temperature for 108 days. Sample mass and size measurements to calculate density, spectra-colorimetry, dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) were employed to characterize the effects of this exposure on these samples. This technical report is the first report from this research program.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Clark, E.A.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Endangered Species: Difficult Choices (open access)

Endangered Species: Difficult Choices

This report discusses issues debated in the 107th Congress while is considering various proposals to amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA). Major issues in recent years have included changing the role of science in decision-making, changing the role of critical habitat, reducing conflicts with Department of Defense activities, incorporating further protection for property owners, and increasing protection of listed species, among others. In addition, many have advocated including significant changes to ESA regulations made during the Clinton Administration in the law itself.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Corn, M. Lynne & Baldwin, Pamela
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Estimate of Legacy Tritium in Building 232-H Tritium Facility, Savannah River Site (open access)

Estimate of Legacy Tritium in Building 232-H Tritium Facility, Savannah River Site

This report describes an estimate of how much tritium will be held up in those parts of the 232-H process that will remain in the building after deactivation The anticipated state of this tritium is also discussed. This information will be used to assess the radiological status of the deactivated facility.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Clark, E.A.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The Express-Star (Chickasha, Okla.), Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003 (open access)

The Express-Star (Chickasha, Okla.), Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 7, 2003

Daily newspaper from Chickasha, Oklahoma that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Bush, Kent
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Gateway to Oklahoma History
Hanford Low-Level Waste Form Performance for Meeting Land Disposal Requirements (open access)

Hanford Low-Level Waste Form Performance for Meeting Land Disposal Requirements

Immobilized Low-activity waste (ILAW) from the Hanford site will be disposed of in near-surface burial grounds and must be processed into a chemically durable waste form to prevent release of hazardous constituents to the environment. To meet his goal, the LAW will be immobilized in borosilicate glass. the DOE office of River Protection and the Rive Protection Project-Waste Treatment Plant (RPP-WTP) project have agreed on testing requirements that the immobilized LAW glass must meet to demonstrate chemically durability. Two of the tests are the Product Consistency Test (PCT) and Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP). This paper provides results of RPP-WTP PCT and TCLP testing on both actual radioactive and non-radioactive simulant LAW glasses to show they meet the associated land disposal requirements.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Crawford, C.L.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Health Insurance Continuation Coverage under COBRA (open access)

Health Insurance Continuation Coverage under COBRA

This report provides information about Health Insurance Continuation Coverage under COBRA. This report also provides background information on COBRA, on the COBRA population, and on legislation offering COBRA. Some believe that COBRA went too far in requiring employees to provide coverage.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Yacker, Heidi G.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Health Insurance Coverage: Characteristics of the Insured and Uninsured Populations in 2001. January 2003 (open access)

Health Insurance Coverage: Characteristics of the Insured and Uninsured Populations in 2001. January 2003

This report examines characteristics of both the insured and the uninsured populations in the United States.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Peterson, Chris L.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
A High-Throughput Microenvironment for Single-Cell Operations (open access)

A High-Throughput Microenvironment for Single-Cell Operations

This project was conducted as a feasibility study, in preparation for including this work in the forthcoming ''Instrumented Cell'' (IC) Strategic Initiative. The goal of the IC is to study individual cells; the goal of this feasibility study was to determine the best method for isolating large numbers of individual cells in a way that facilitates various types of environmental changes and intracellular measurements. We have the capability to do this with one cell, and sought to expand the number of cells that we could study simultaneously. Our specific goal for this feasibility study was to discover a way to isolate individual cells, and impale them on a nanopipette. This would enable samples to be introduced into and removed from a cell.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Christian, A. T.; Buckley, P. & Miles, R. R.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Hyperspectral Image-Based Broad Area Search (HIBAS) Final Report Summary (open access)

Hyperspectral Image-Based Broad Area Search (HIBAS) Final Report Summary

Two of the more important tasks faced by image analysts are broad area search and site monitoring. In each case, the objective is to detect occurrences of targets of interest (e.g., buildings, mobile targets of military significance, etc.). In broad area search, large swaths of countryside are imaged. In site monitoring, a number of smaller areas of interest are imaged multiple times. The crisis currently facing image analysts lies in their inability to analyze massive volumes of remotely sensed imagery in a time critical fashion. The problem has become more critical with technological advances that have enabled images of increasing size, resolution and dimensionality (such as monochrome images at higher spatial resolution--e.g., Digital Globe imagery--and hyperspectral images at higher spectral resolution) to be rapidly acquired.
Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Paglieroni, D W
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library