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2002 WIPP Environmental Monitoring Plan (open access)

2002 WIPP Environmental Monitoring Plan

DOE Order 5400.1, General Environmental Protection Program, requires each DOE | facility to prepare an environmental management plan (EMP). This document is | prepared for WIPP in accordance with the guidance contained in DOE Order 5400.1; DOE Order 5400.5, Radiation Protection of the Public and Environment; applicable sections of Environmental Regulatory Guide for Radiological Effluent Monitoring and Environmental Surveillance (DOE/EH-0173T; DOE, 1991); and the Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 834, ''Radiation Protection of the Public and Environment'' (draft). Many sections of DOE Order 5400.1 have been replaced by DOE Order 231.1, which is the driver for the annual Site Environmental Report (SER) and the guidance source for preparing many environmental program documents. The WIPP Project is operated by Westinghouse TRU Solutions (WTS) for the DOE. This plan defines the extent and scope of WIPP's effluent and environmental | monitoring programs during the facility's operational life and also discusses WIPP's quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) program as it relates to environmental monitoring. In addition, this plan provides a comprehensive description of environmental activities at WIPP including: A summary of environmental programs, including the status of environmental monitoring activities A description of the WIPP Project and its mission A description …
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Westinghouse TRU Solutions LLC
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
ADVANCED OIL RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVED RECOVERY FROM SLOPE BASIN CLASTIC RESERVOIRS, NASH DRAW BRUSHY CANYON POOL, EDDY COUNTY, NM (open access)

ADVANCED OIL RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVED RECOVERY FROM SLOPE BASIN CLASTIC RESERVOIRS, NASH DRAW BRUSHY CANYON POOL, EDDY COUNTY, NM

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program-based on advanced reservoir management methods-can significantly improve oil recovery at the Nash Draw Pool (NDP). The plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing its performance to an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals are (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere throughout the U.S. oil and gas industry. This is the twenty-eighth quarterly progress report on the project. Results obtained to date are summarized.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Murphy, Mark B.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus (open access)

Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus

Affirmative action remains a focal point of public debate as the result of legal and political developments at the federal, state, and local levels. This report discusses legislation related to affirmative action, as well as legal rulings on the topic and the federal government's role in first establishing and, later, attempting to curb affirmative action policies.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Altus Times (Altus, Okla.), Vol. 104, No. 166, Ed. 1 Monday, September 30, 2002 (open access)

Altus Times (Altus, Okla.), Vol. 104, No. 166, Ed. 1 Monday, September 30, 2002

Daily newspaper from Altus, Oklahoma that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Bush, Michael
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Gateway to Oklahoma History
The Alvin Sun (Alvin, Tex.), Vol. 111, No. 76, Ed. 1 Monday, September 30, 2002 (open access)

The Alvin Sun (Alvin, Tex.), Vol. 111, No. 76, Ed. 1 Monday, September 30, 2002

Weekly newspaper from Alvin, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Schwind, Jim & Holton, Kathleen
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Portal to Texas History
The American Community Survey: Accuracy and Timeliness Issues (open access)

The American Community Survey: Accuracy and Timeliness Issues

Correspondence issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "GAO has reviewed several major issues associated with the proposed full implementation of the American Community Survey (ACS) by the Bureau of the Census for 2003. If the ACS is approved, this mandatory mail survey would cost from $120 to $150 million a year, and would require responses from a sample of 3 million households to some 60 to 70 questions. The ACS would replace the decennial census long form for 2010 and subsequent decennial censuses. On the basis of sampling errors and related measures of reliability, the Census Bureau has decided that ACS data will be published annually for geographic areas with a population of over 65,000; as 3-year averages for geographic areas with a population of 20,000 to 65,000; and as 5-year averages for geographic areas with a population of less than 20,000. According to the Bureau, the annual ACS data and 3-year averages would be significantly less accurate than data for 2010 from the decennial census long form; 5-year averages, which would be available at the detailed long-form level of geographic detail, would be about as accurate as the long-form data. Federal agencies that extensively …
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Object Type: Text
System: The UNT Digital Library
Application of Reservoir Characterization and Advanced Technology to Improve Recovery and Economics in a Lower Quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate Reservoir (open access)

Application of Reservoir Characterization and Advanced Technology to Improve Recovery and Economics in a Lower Quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate Reservoir

The OXY-operated Class 2 Project at West Welch is designed to demonstrate how the use of advanced technology can improve the economics of miscible CO{sub 2} injection projects in lower quality Shallow Shelf Carbonate reservoirs. The research and design phase (Budget Period 1) primarily involved advanced reservoir characterization. The current demonstration phase (Budget Period 2) is the implementation of the reservoir management plan for an optimum miscible CO{sub 2} flood design based on the reservoir characterization. Although Budget Period 1 for the Project officially ended 12/31/96, reservoir characterization and simulation work continued during the Budget Period 2. During the fifth and sixth annual reporting periods (8/3/98-8/2/00) covered by this report, work continued on interpretation of the cross well seismic data to create porosity and permeability profiles which were distributed into the reservoir geostatistically. The initial interwell seismic CO{sub 2} monitor survey was conducted, the acquired data processed and interpretation started. Only limited well work and facility construction was conducted in the project area. The CO{sub 2} injection initiated in October 1997 was continued, although the operator had to modify the operating plan in response to low injection rates, well performance and changes in CO{sub 2} supply. CO{sub 2} injection was …
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Egg, Rebecca
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Applications of Sunphotometry to Aerosol Extinction and Surface Anisotropy (open access)

Applications of Sunphotometry to Aerosol Extinction and Surface Anisotropy

Support cost-sharing of a newly developed sunphotometer in field deployment for aerosol studies. This is a cost-sharing research to deploy a newly developed sun-sky-surface photometer for studying aerosol extinction and surface anisotropy at the ARM SGP, TWP, and NSA-AAO CART sites and in many field campaigns. Atmospheric aerosols affect the radiative energy balance of the Earth, both directly by perturbing the incoming/outgoing radiation fields and indirectly by influencing the properties/processes of clouds and reactive greenhouse gases. The surface bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) also plays a crucial role in the radiative energy balance, since the BRDF is required to determine (i) the spectral and spectrally-averaged surface albedo, and (ii) the top-of-the-atmosphere (TOA) angular distribution of radiance field. Therefore, the CART sites provide an excellent, albeit unique, opportunity to collect long-term climatic data in characterizing aerosol properties and various types of surface anisotropy.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Tsay, S.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
B physics at the Tevatron (open access)

B physics at the Tevatron

A vibrant B physics program is being pursued at the Tevatron for Run II using the upgraded accelerator complex and the upgraded CDF and D0 detectors with the goal of collecting 2 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. This will provide measurements of various CP parameters which both complement and extend the programs at the B factories. There are also a variety of spectroscopy measurements currently available only at the Tevatron. The detectors are now largely commissioned and data acquisition is underway.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Cranshaw, J.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
The Baytown Sun (Baytown, Tex.), Vol. 80, No. 308, Ed. 1 Monday, September 30, 2002 (open access)

The Baytown Sun (Baytown, Tex.), Vol. 80, No. 308, Ed. 1 Monday, September 30, 2002

Daily newspaper from Baytown, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Cash, Wanda Garner
Object Type: Newspaper
System: The Portal to Texas History
BEHAVIOR OF SURFACTANT MIXTURES AT SOLID/LIQUID AND OIL/LIQUID INTERFACES IN CHEMICAL FLOODING SYSTEMS (open access)

BEHAVIOR OF SURFACTANT MIXTURES AT SOLID/LIQUID AND OIL/LIQUID INTERFACES IN CHEMICAL FLOODING SYSTEMS

The aim of the project is to develop and evaluate efficient novel surfactant mixtures for enhanced oil recovery. Surfactant loss by adsorption or precipitation depends to a great extent on the type of surfactant complexes and aggregates formed. Such information as well as techniques to generate the information is lacking currently particularly for surfactant mixtures and surfactant/polymer systems. A novel analytical centrifuge application is explored during the last period to generate information on structures-performance relationship for different surfactant aggregates in solution and, in turn, at interfaces. To use analytical untracentrifuge for surfactant mixtures, information on partial specific volumes of single surfactants and their mixtures is required. Towards this purpose, surface tension and density measurements were performed to determine critical micellar concentrations (cmc), partial specific volumes of n-dodecyl-{beta}-Dmaltoside (DM), nonyl phenol ethoxylated decyl ether (NP-10) and their 1:1 mixtures at 25 C. Durchschlag's theoretical calculation method was adopted to calculate the partial specific volumes. Effects of temperature and mixing, as well as methods used for estimation on micellization and partial specific volumes were studied during the current period. Surface tension results revealed no interaction between the two surfactants in mixed micelles. Partial specific volume measurements also indicated no interaction in mixed …
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Somasundaran, Prof. P.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
C1 CHEMISTRY FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CLEAN LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND HYDROGEN (open access)

C1 CHEMISTRY FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CLEAN LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND HYDROGEN

Faculty and students from five universities--the University of Kentucky, University of Pittsburgh, University of Utah, West Virginia University, and Auburn University--are collaborating in a research program to develop C1 chemistry processes to produce ultra-clean liquid transportation fuels and hydrogen, the zero-emissions transportation fuel of the future. The feedstocks contain one carbon atom per molecular unit. They include synthesis gas (syngas), a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen produced by coal gasification or reforming of natural gas, methane, methanol, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. An important objective is to develop C1 technology for the production of transportation fuel from domestically plentiful resources such as coal, coalbed methane, and natural gas. An Industrial Advisory Board with representatives from Chevron-Texaco, Eastman Chemical, Conoco-Phillips, Energy International, the Department of Defense, and Tier Associates provides guidance on the practicality of the research. The current report presents results obtained in this program in its third year, as briefly summarized below. (1) Nanoscale iron-based catalysts containing molybdenum, palladium, or nickel and supported on alumina have been developed that are very effective for the dehydrogenation of methane and ethane to produce pure hydrogen and carbon nanotubes, a potentially valuable byproduct. Some of the nanotube structures are being investigated …
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Huffman, Gerald P.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
CALCIUM CARBONATE PRODUCTION BY COCCOLITHOPHORID ALGAE IN LONG TERM, CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION (open access)

CALCIUM CARBONATE PRODUCTION BY COCCOLITHOPHORID ALGAE IN LONG TERM, CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION

Predictions of increasing levels of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and the specter of global warming have intensified research efforts to identify ways to sequester carbon. A number of novel avenues of research are being considered, including bioprocessing methods to promote and accelerate biosequestration of CO{sub 2} from the environment through the growth of organisms such as coccolithophorids, which are capable of sequestering CO{sub 2} relatively permanently. Calcium and magnesium carbonates are currently the only proven, long-term storage reservoirs for carbon. Whereas organic carbon is readily oxidized and releases CO{sub 2} through microbial decomposition on land and in the sea, carbonates can sequester carbon over geologic time scales. This proposal investigates the use of coccolithophorids--single-celled, marine algae that are the major global producers of calcium carbonate--to sequester CO{sub 2} emissions from power plants. Cultivation of coccolithophorids for calcium carbonate (CaCO{sub 3}) precipitation is environmentally benign and results in a stable product with potential commercial value. Because this method of carbon sequestration does not impact natural ecosystem dynamics, it avoids controversial issues of public acceptability and legality associated with other options such as direct injection of CO{sub 2} into the sea and ocean fertilization. Consequently, cultivation of coccolithophorids could be carried …
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: V.J. Fabry, Ph.D.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
CALLA ENERGY BIOMASS COFIRING PROJECT (open access)

CALLA ENERGY BIOMASS COFIRING PROJECT

The Calla Energy Biomass Project, to be located in Estill County, Kentucky is to be conducted in two phases. The objective of Phase I is to evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of cofiring biomass-based gasification fuel-gas in a power generation boiler. Waste coal fines are to be evaluated as the cofired fuel. The project is based on the use of commercially available technology for feeding and gas cleanup that would be suitable for deployment in municipal, large industrial and utility applications. Define a combustion system for the biomass gasification-based fuel-gas capable of stable, low-NOx combustion over the full range of gaseous fuel mixtures, with low carbon monoxide emissions and turndown capabilities suitable for large-scale power generation applications. The objective for Phase II is to design, install and demonstrate the combined gasification and combustion system in a large-scale, long-term cofiring operation to promote acceptance and utilization of indirect biomass cofiring technology for large-scale power generation applications. During this Performance Period work efforts focused on completion of the Topical Report, summarizing the design and techno-economic study of the project's feasibility. GTI received supplemental authorization A002 from DOE contracts for additional work to be performed under Phase I that will further extend …
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
A Catalog of Geologic Data for the Hanford Site (open access)

A Catalog of Geologic Data for the Hanford Site

This is the first update of the catalog that was published in 2001. This report catalogs the existing geologic data that can be found in various databases, published and unpublished reports, and in individuals' technical files. The scope of this catalog is primarily on the 100, 200, and 300 Areas, with a particular emphasis on the 200 Areas. Over 2,922 wells are included in the catalog. Nearly all of these wells (2,459) have some form of driller's or geologist's log. Archived samples are available for 1,742 wells. Particle size data are available from 1,078 wells and moisture data are available from 356 wells. Some form of chemical property data is available from 588 wells. However, this catalog is by no means complete. Numerous individuals have been involved in various geologic-related studies of the Hanford Site. The true extent of unpublished data retained in their technical files is unknown. However, this data catalog is believed to represent the majority (>90%) of the geologic data that is currently retrievable.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Horton, Duane G.; Last, George V.; Gilmore, Tyler J. & Bjornstad, Bruce N.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
A Catalog of Vadose Zone Hydraulic Properties for the Hanford Site (open access)

A Catalog of Vadose Zone Hydraulic Properties for the Hanford Site

To predict contaminant release to the groundwater, it is necessary to understand the hydraulic properties of the material between the release point and the water table. Measurements of the hydraulic properties of the Hanford unsaturated sediments that buffer the water table are available from many areas of the site; however, the documentation is not well cataloged nor is it easily accessible. The purpose of this report is to identify what data is available for characterization of the unsaturated hydraulic properties at Hanford and Where these data can be found.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Freeman, Eugene J.; Khaleel, Raziuddin & Heller, Paula R.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library

[Celina pit stop: Lone Star Ride 2002 event photos]

Photograph of rider Carl Ekman at pit stop #1 (day 2) at the Celina City Park in Celina, TX. This photo shows a concrete picnic table with various boxes of snacks and cases of water on the table and benches. The table has a poster taped to the front with the words "Stars for Riders". A group of cyclists stands in a circle around a cooler chatting and drinking bottles of water to the left of the table.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Photograph
System: The UNT Digital Library
Chemical Fixation of CO2 in Coal Combustion Products and Recycling through Biosystems (open access)

Chemical Fixation of CO2 in Coal Combustion Products and Recycling through Biosystems

This Annual Technical Progress Report presents the principal results in enhanced growth of algae using coal combustion products as a catalyst to increase bicarbonate levels in solution. Optimal production of biomass depends on a number of factors. These factors include pH management, harvesting, and impact of auxiliary operations on the algae population. A number of experiments are presented which attempt to identify and characterize the impact of these factors.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Copeland, C. Henry; Pier, Paul; Whitehead, Samantha & Behel, David
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library

[Closing ceremonies large crew group: Lone Star Ride 2002 event photo]

Photograph of the closing ceremonies on the steps of Dallas Hall on the SMU campus in University Park. The stairs are crowded with a large group of crew members standing in rows and applauding the cyclists. A few members are seen wearing rainbow aprons on the far right. Behind the large group is a stage scaffold with a large white LSR banner hanging from it along with a swagged American flag.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Photograph
System: The UNT Digital Library

[Closing ceremony seen from University Blvd: Lone Star Ride 2002 event photo]

Photograph of the closing ceremonies at Dallas Hall on the SMU campus in University Park. This photo was taken from a short distance away behind the main group of cyclists by an individual who would be standing on University Blvd.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Photograph
System: The UNT Digital Library
COAL PARTICLE FLOW PATTERNS FOR O2 ENRICHED, LOW NOx BURNERS (open access)

COAL PARTICLE FLOW PATTERNS FOR O2 ENRICHED, LOW NOx BURNERS

The year-end report summarizes the results of the series of experiments conducted to evaluate the effects of oxygen partial pressure on coal combustion. Specifically, the effects of oxygen partial pressure in the transport air stream on flame stability, flame standoff distance and overall NO{sub x} emissions were examined. A series of experiments were conducted to determine the effect of oxygen partial pressure in the transport air on flame stability and resultant NO{sub x} emissions. In summary, the oxygen partial pressure experiments revealed that: (1) Increasing oxygen partial pressure in the transport air stream produced stable attached flames that were otherwise detached, reducing NO{sub x} emissions due to formation of fuel-rich central core which favors reduction of fuel nitrogen to N{sub 2}. Flame attachment also prevents premixing of fuel and air. (2) The degree of oxygen enrichment necessary to produce attached flames decreased with increasing wall temperature. (3) Increasing oxygen partial pressure in the transport air stream had little effect on emissions for always-attached and always-detached flames. The lack of an effect for always-detached flames is attributed to the extensive pre-mixing that occurs prior to ignition and the limited impact oxygen enrichment of the small transport air stream has on the …
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Curtis, Jennifer Sinclair
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Communicating the Future: Best Practices for Communication of Science and Technology to the Public (open access)

Communicating the Future: Best Practices for Communication of Science and Technology to the Public

To advance the state of the art in science and technology communication to the public a conference was held March 6-8, 2002 at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, MD. This report of the conference proceedings includes a summary statement by the conference steering committee, transcripts or other text summarizing the remarks of conference speakers, and abstracts for 48 "best practice" communications programs selected by the steering committee through an open competition and a formal peer review process. Additional information about the 48 best practice programs is available on the archival conference Web site at www.nist.gov/bestpractices.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Porter, Gail
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
A Comparative Analysis of the Immigration Functions in the Major Homeland Security Bills (open access)

A Comparative Analysis of the Immigration Functions in the Major Homeland Security Bills

This report is a comparative analysis of the Immigration functions in the major Homeland Security Bills
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M. & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Comparison of microdosimetric simulations using PENELOPE and PITSfor a 25 keV electron microbeam in water (open access)

Comparison of microdosimetric simulations using PENELOPE and PITSfor a 25 keV electron microbeam in water

The calculations presented compare the performance of two Monte Carlo codes used for the estimation of microdosimetric quantities: Positive Ion Track Structure code (PITS) [1-3] and a main user-code based on the PENetration and Energy LOss of Positrons and Electrons code (PENELOPE-2000)[4,5]. Event by event track-structure codes like PITS are considered superior for microdosimetric applications and they are written for this purpose. PITS tracks electrons in water down to 10 eV. PENELOPE is one of the few, among widely available general purpose codes, that can simulate random electron-photon showers in any material for energies from 100eV to 1GeV.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Mainardi, Enrico; Donahue, Richard J.; Wilson, Walter E. & Blakely, Eleanor A.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library