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Fatty acid amide hydrolase and 9-lipoxygenase  modulate cotton seedling growth by ethanolamide  oxylipin levels (open access)

Fatty acid amide hydrolase and 9-lipoxygenase modulate cotton seedling growth by ethanolamide oxylipin levels

Article asserts that polyunsaturated N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) can be hydrolyzed by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) or oxidized by lipoxygenase (LOX). Altogether, the authors conclude that the growth of cotton seedlings involves fine-tuning of 9-NAE-HOD levels via FAAH-mediated hydrolysis and LOX-mediated production, expanding the mechanistic understanding of plant growth modulation by NAE oxylipins to a perennial crop species.
Date: December 6, 2022
Creator: Gaguancela-Arias, Omar; Aziz, Mina & Chapman, Kent Dean
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Are Tourists Facilitators of the Movement of Free-Ranging Dogs? (open access)

Are Tourists Facilitators of the Movement of Free-Ranging Dogs?

Article discusses how free-ranging dogs are of major conservation concern worldwide as they negatively affect wildlife. Although scientists and governmental agencies are aware of the problem and responsible pet ownership strategies are beginning to be implemented, the tourism sector must be explicitly integrated into wildlife conservation management strategies.
Date: December 16, 2022
Creator: Schüttler, Elke & Jiménez, Jaime E.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
A polar insect's tale: Observations on the life cycle of Parochlus steinenii, the only winged midge native to Antarctica (open access)

A polar insect's tale: Observations on the life cycle of Parochlus steinenii, the only winged midge native to Antarctica

Article asserts that Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands include some of the world’s most extreme and pristine terrestrial habitats. The authors studied the habitat preferences and the life history of P. steinenii in Lake Kitiesh, Fildes Peninsula, King George Island over the austral summer seasons from 2014 to 2019, during short (several weeks) field expeditions.
Date: December 24, 2022
Creator: Mejias, Tamara Contador; Gañán, Melisa; Rendoll Cárcamo, Javier; Maturana, Claudia S.; Benítez, Hugo A.; Kennedy, James H. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Molecular signatures in the progression of COVID-19 severity (open access)

Molecular signatures in the progression of COVID-19 severity

Authors of the article discuss that to uncover genes and pathways involved in the differential clinical manifestations of COVID-19 they developed a novel gene co-expression network-based pipeline that uses gene expression obtained from different SARS-CoV-2 infected human tissues. Their study shines a new light on genes and their networks (modules) that drive the progression of COVID-19 from moderate to extremely severe condition, which could aid development of new therapeutics to combat COVID-19.
Date: December 21, 2022
Creator: De, Ronika & Azad, Rajeev K.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Editorial: Lipid metabolism and membrane structure in plant biotic interactions (open access)

Editorial: Lipid metabolism and membrane structure in plant biotic interactions

Article discusses how Lipid bilayers represent the interface between cells (or organelles) and their environment. Authors claim that this special topic brings together new reports on several of these lipid classes to shed light on the impacts of plant lipid metabolism and membrane organization on plant immunity.
Date: December 6, 2022
Creator: Goggin, Fiona L.; Shah, Jyoti & Gillaspy, Glenda
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
The Arabidopsis PAD4 Lipase-Like Domain Is Sufficient for Resistance to Green Peach Aphid (open access)

The Arabidopsis PAD4 Lipase-Like Domain Is Sufficient for Resistance to Green Peach Aphid

Article exploring PAD4 functions in plant defense by expressing the N-terminal PAD4 lipase-like domain (PAD4ᴸᴸᴰ) without its C-terminal EDS1-PAD4 (EP) domain. The authors show that transgenic expression of PAD4ᴸᴸᴰ in Arabidopsis is sufficient for limiting GPA infestation but not for conferring basal and effector-triggered pathogen immunity. This suggests that the C-terminal PAD4 EP domain is necessary for EDS1-dependent immune functions but is dispensable for aphid resistance. Moreover, PAD4ᴸᴸᴰ is not sufficient to interact with EDS1, indicating the PAD4-EP domain is required for stable heterodimerization. These data provide molecular evidence that PAD4 has domain-specific functions.
Date: December 27, 2019
Creator: Dongus, Joram A.; Bhandari, Deepak D.; Patel, Monika; Archer, Lani; Dijkgraaf, Lucas; Shah, Jyoti et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Angiogenesis in the Avian Embryo Chorioallantoic Membrane: A Perspective on Research Trends and a Case Study on Toxicant Vascular Effects (open access)

Angiogenesis in the Avian Embryo Chorioallantoic Membrane: A Perspective on Research Trends and a Case Study on Toxicant Vascular Effects

This article considers areas of cardiovascular research that have benefited from studies of the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), including the themes of investigation of the CAM’s hemodynamic influence on heart and central vessel development, use of the CAM as a model vascular bed for studying angiogenesis, and the CAM as an assay tool.
Date: October 28, 2020
Creator: Burggren, Warren W. & Antich, Maria Rojas
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Draft Genome of the Common Snapping Turtle, Chelydra serpentina, a Model for Phenotypic Plasticity in Reptiles (open access)

Draft Genome of the Common Snapping Turtle, Chelydra serpentina, a Model for Phenotypic Plasticity in Reptiles

Article studying climate adaptation using common snapping turtles, Chelydra serpentina, as the model species. The genome and genetic variants identified here provide a foundation for future studies of adaptation to climate.
Date: December 1, 2020
Creator: Crossley, Dane A., II; Das, Debojyoti; Singh, Sunil Kumar; Bierstedt, Jacob; Erickson, Alyssa; Galli, Gina L. J. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
The Tetracentron genome provides insight into the early evolution of eudicots and the formation of vessel elements (open access)

The Tetracentron genome provides insight into the early evolution of eudicots and the formation of vessel elements

Article reporting a chromosome-scale assembly of the T. sinense genome.
Date: December 2, 2020
Creator: Dixon, R. A.; Liu, Ping-Li; Zhang, Xi; Mao, Jian-Feng; Hong, Yan-Ming; Zhang, Ren-Gang et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Malonylation of Glucosylated N-Lauroylethanolamine: A New Pathway That Determines N-Acylethanolamine Metabolic Fate in Plants (open access)

Malonylation of Glucosylated N-Lauroylethanolamine: A New Pathway That Determines N-Acylethanolamine Metabolic Fate in Plants

Article studying Malonylation of Glucosylated N-Lauroylethanolamine. Results indicate that glucosylation of NAE 12:0 by a yet to be determined glucosyltransferase and its subsequent malonylation by PMAT1 could represent a mechanism for modulating the biological activities of NAEs in plants.
Date: December 30, 2016
Creator: Khan, Bibi Rafeiza; Wherritt, Daniel J.; Huhman, David; Sumner, Lloyd W.; Chapman, Kent Dean & Blancaflor, Elison B.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Mutations in Arabidopsis Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase Reveal That Catalytic Activity Influences Growth but Not Sensitivity to Abscisic Acid or Pathogens (open access)

Mutations in Arabidopsis Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase Reveal That Catalytic Activity Influences Growth but Not Sensitivity to Abscisic Acid or Pathogens

Article showing that the enhanced growth and NAE tolerance of the AtFAAH overexpressing seedlings depends on the catalytic activity of AtFAAH, hypersensitivity to ABA and hypersusceptibility to nonhost pathogens are independent of its enzymatic activity. Findings suggest that the AtFAAH influences plant growth and interacts with ABA signaling and plant defense through distinctly different mechanisms.
Date: December 4, 2009
Creator: Kim, Sang-Chul; Kang, Li; Nagaraj, Satish; Blancaflor, Elison B.; Mysore, Kirankumar S. & Chapman, Kent D.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Ascorbate Peroxidase 1 Plays a Key Role in the Response of Arabidopsis thaliana to Stress Combination (open access)

Ascorbate Peroxidase 1 Plays a Key Role in the Response of Arabidopsis thaliana to Stress Combination

Article conducting proteomic and metabolic analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana plants subjected to a combination of drought and heat stress. The authors identify 45 different proteins that specifically accumulated in Arabidopsis in response to the stress combination. The findings suggest that cytosolic APX1 plays a key role in the acclimation of plants to a combination of drought and heat stress.
Date: December 5, 2008
Creator: Koussevitzky, Shai; Suzuki, Nobuhiro; Huntington, Serena; Armijo, Leigh; Sha, Wei; Cortes, Diego F. et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Comparative Proteomics Analysis Reveals Unique Early Signaling Response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to Oxidants with Different Mechanism of Action (open access)

Comparative Proteomics Analysis Reveals Unique Early Signaling Response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to Oxidants with Different Mechanism of Action

This article uses a discovery driven comparative proteomics analysis to reveal unique early signaling response of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae on the proteome level to oxidants with a different mechanism of action as early as 3 min after treatment with four oxidants, namely H₂O₂, cumene hydroperoxide (CHP), and menadione and diamide, when protein abundances were compared using label-free quantification relying on a high-resolution mass analyzer (Orbitrap).
Date: December 26, 2020
Creator: Pandey, Prajita; Zaman, Khadiza; Prókai, László, 1958- & Shulaev, Vladimir
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Hypoxic level and duration differentially affect embryonic organ system development of the chicken (Gallus gallus) (open access)

Hypoxic level and duration differentially affect embryonic organ system development of the chicken (Gallus gallus)

This article investigates how key organ systems are affected by hypoxia. The results indicated that either modest hypoxia (15% O2) throughout development, or hypoxia at any level during the late stages (d 11 to 18), increased the heart and chorioallantoic membrane weight, which partly compensated for the detrimental effects of hypoxia on embryonic development.
Date: December 11, 2019
Creator: Zhang, H. & Burggren, Warren W.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Thymoquinone overcomes chemoresistance and enhances the anticancer effects of bortezomib through abrogation of NF-κB regulated gene products in multiple myeloma xenograft mouse model (open access)

Thymoquinone overcomes chemoresistance and enhances the anticancer effects of bortezomib through abrogation of NF-κB regulated gene products in multiple myeloma xenograft mouse model

Article investigates whether thymoquinone (TQ), a bioactive constituent of black seed oil, could suppress the proliferation and induce chemosensitization in human myeloma cells and xenograft mouse model. Overall, the results demonstrate that TQ can enhance the anticancer activity of bortezomib in vitro and in vivo and may have a substantial potential in the treatment of MM.
Date: December 18, 2013
Creator: Siveen, Kodappully Sivaraman; Mustafa, Nurulhuda; Li, Feng; Kannaiyan, Radhamani; Ahn, Kwang Seok; Kumar, Alan Prem et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Development and use of a switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) transformation pipeline by the BioEnergy Science Center to evaluate plants for reduced cell wall recalcitrance (open access)

Development and use of a switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) transformation pipeline by the BioEnergy Science Center to evaluate plants for reduced cell wall recalcitrance

Article examines the creation of a transformation pipeline (TP) to produce plants with decreased recalcitrance and a laboratory information management system (LIMS) for data compilation from these plants. While many genes accepted into the TP resulted in transgenic switchgrass without modified lignin or biomass content, a group of genes with potential to improve lignocellulosic biofuel yields was identified. Results from transgenic lines targeting xyloglucan and lignin structure provide examples of the types of information available on switchgrass lines produced within BioEnergy Science Center (BESC).
Date: December 22, 2017
Creator: Nelson, Richard S.; Stewart, C. Neal; Gou, Jiqing; Holladay, Susan; Gallego-Giraldo, Lina; Flanagan, Amy et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Peptide signaling molecules CLE5 and CLE6 affect Arabidopsis leaf shape downstream of leaf patterning transcription factors and auxin (open access)

Peptide signaling molecules CLE5 and CLE6 affect Arabidopsis leaf shape downstream of leaf patterning transcription factors and auxin

Article describes a role in Arabidopsis leaf development for two members of the CLAVATA3/ESR‐RELATED peptide family, CLE5 and CLE6, which lie adjacent to each other on chromosome 2.
Date: December 20, 2018
Creator: DiGennaro, Peter; Grienenberger, Etienne; Dao, Thai Q.; Jun, Ji Hyung & Fletcher, Jennifer C.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Beyond the wall: High-throughput quantification of plant soluble and cell-wall bound phenolics by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (open access)

Beyond the wall: High-throughput quantification of plant soluble and cell-wall bound phenolics by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

Article describes a study in which a novel high-throughput ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC–MS/MS) method was established to quantify the levels of 19 flavonoids and 15 other phenolic compounds, including acids, aldehydes, and alcohols.
Date: December 26, 2018
Creator: Cocuron, Jean-Christophe; Casas, Maria Isabel; Yang, Fan & Grotewold, Erich
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Lignin biosynthesis: old roads revisited and new roads explored (open access)

Lignin biosynthesis: old roads revisited and new roads explored

Article presents several hypothetical models to illustrate information about lignin and the lignification process in plants.
Date: December 4, 2019
Creator: Dixon, R. A. & Barros, Jaime
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Retinal oxygen supply shaped the functional evolution of the vertebrate eye (open access)

Retinal oxygen supply shaped the functional evolution of the vertebrate eye

Article explores the hypothesis that oxygen diffusion limited the evolution of retinal morphology by reconstructing the evolution of retinal thickness and the various mechanisms for retinal oxygen supply, including capillarization and acid-induced haemoglobin oxygen unloading.
Date: December 10, 2019
Creator: Damsgaard, Christian; Lauridsen, Henrik; Funder, Anette MD; Thomsen, Jesper S.; Desvignes, Thomas; Crossley, Dane A., II et al.
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Identification and characterization of a core set of ROS wave‐associated transcripts involved in the systemic acquired acclimation response of Arabidopsis to excess light (open access)

Identification and characterization of a core set of ROS wave‐associated transcripts involved in the systemic acquired acclimation response of Arabidopsis to excess light

Article reveal that the systemic transcriptomic response of plants to excess light stress is extensive in the context of systemic acquired acclimation and involves an early (2 min) and transient stage of transcript expression that includes thousands of genes.
Date: December 6, 2018
Creator: Zandalinas, Sara I.; Sengupta, Soham; Burks, David; Azad, Rajeev K. & Mittler, Ron
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Local and Systemic Metabolic Responses during Light-Induced Rapid Systemic Signaling (open access)

Local and Systemic Metabolic Responses during Light-Induced Rapid Systemic Signaling

This article reports that local application of light stress to one rosette leaf of bolting Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) plants resulted in a metabolic response that encompassed local, systemic and transport tissues, demonstrating a high degree of physical and metabolic continuity between different tissues throughout the plant.
Date: December 2018
Creator: Choudhury, Feroza K.; Devireddy, Amith R.; Azad, Rajeev K.; Shulaev, Vladimir & Mittler, Ron
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Marketing via E-mail Solicitation by Predatory (and Legitimate) Journals: An Evaluation of Quality, Frequency, and Relevance (open access)

Marketing via E-mail Solicitation by Predatory (and Legitimate) Journals: An Evaluation of Quality, Frequency, and Relevance

This article studies the marketing practices of predatory journals through the analysis of a a subset of the 1,816 e-mails received by a single university biology faculty member during a 24-month period.
Date: December 3, 2018
Creator: Burggren, Warren W.; Madasu, Dilip; Hawkins, Kevin S. & Halbert, Martin
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library
Genome Mining of Plant NPFs Reveals Varying Conservation of Signature Motifs Associated With the Mechanism of Transport (open access)

Genome Mining of Plant NPFs Reveals Varying Conservation of Signature Motifs Associated With the Mechanism of Transport

This article focuses on four structural features of nitrate peptide families/proton-coupled oligopeptide transporters/peptide transporters that have been shown by structural and functional studies to be essential to proton-coupled symport transport.
Date: December 4, 2018
Creator: Longo, Antonella; Miles, Nicholas W. & Dickstein, Rebecca
Object Type: Article
System: The UNT Digital Library