[Clipping: "War In Europe Over! Germany Quits!"] (open access)

[Clipping: "War In Europe Over! Germany Quits!"]

Photocopy of a portion of The Shreveport Times front page and several articles for May 1945, including information about combat in Manila, the redeployment of 800 planes, the attack on Pearl Harbor, news of the end of World War II, and more are included.
Date: May 7, 1945
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Clipping
System: The Portal to Texas History

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Occupation Begins

Front: Text describes American advancement and control of Korean and Japanese cities after Japan's formal surrender on 1 Sept., United States time Map shows Japan and Korea. Photographs: Gen. MacArthur signs Japanese surrender terms on Battleship Missouri; Japanese foreign minister Shigemitsu signs at Tokyo Bay ceremony; Allied prisoners of war at Omori, Japan, hail their liberators. Back: Text and color illustrations show United States Marines' activities.
Date: September 10, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Object Type: Poster
System: The UNT Digital Library

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Demobilization Program.

Front: Maps: Silhouette maps of Japan and Korea, U.S., and Germany and Austria help illustrate the distribution of men in the Army as of 1 July 1946. Back: Text and color illustrations show various shoulder insignia of United States Army combat divisions with a partial list of their combat locations (World War II).
Date: September 24, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Object Type: Poster
System: The UNT Digital Library

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : U.S. role in world affairs

Text describes U.S. role in world affairs and is keyed to map. Map projection is "designed to minimize distortions along the 40th parallel which runs approximately through Tokyo and Washington."
Date: December 17, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Object Type: Poster
System: The UNT Digital Library

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Moscow conference decisions

Front: Text describes 5 Moscow conference decisions. Maps: Moscow conference decisions as reflected on the global map. Includes photograph of Ernest Bevin (Britain), V. M. Molotov (Russia) and James F. Byrnes (U.S.) Back: Reenlistment. List of reasons to reenlist. Charts of income and retirement income for enlisted classes.
Date: January 7, 1946
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Object Type: Poster
System: The UNT Digital Library
[Clipping: Paul Mantz Wins Bendix Race at 435 M.P.H. for New Mark] (open access)

[Clipping: Paul Mantz Wins Bendix Race at 435 M.P.H. for New Mark]

Newspaper clipping of the front page of the New York Herald Tribune, including articles about about international relations, local politics, Nazi trials, and more. Of particular note is the article about the Bendix Trophy race where Jacqueline Cochran took third place.
Date: August 31, 1946
Creator: Allen, C. B.
Object Type: Clipping
System: The Portal to Texas History
[Letter from I. H. to Cecile Kempner, July 16, 1950] (open access)

[Letter from I. H. to Cecile Kempner, July 16, 1950]

Letter to Cecile from her father about Aunt Jeane travelling to New York, US relations with Korea, Germany, Austria, Japan, Russia, Russia's actions, politics, economics, possible travel, and other personal matters.
Date: July 16, 1950
Creator: Kempner, Isaac H. (Isaac Herbert), 1873-1967
Object Type: Letter
System: The Portal to Texas History
[Letter from I. H. to Cecile Kempner, February 11, 1951] (open access)

[Letter from I. H. to Cecile Kempner, February 11, 1951]

Letter to Cecile from her father about hope for world peace, Korea, Russia, US military, industrial, and economic strength, business, and politics.
Date: February 11, 1951
Creator: Kempner, Isaac H. (Isaac Herbert), 1873-1967
Object Type: Letter
System: The Portal to Texas History
[Letter from I. H. to Cecile Kempner, February 26, 1951] (open access)

[Letter from I. H. to Cecile Kempner, February 26, 1951]

Letter to Cecile from her father US involvement in India and Korea, a conference in Houston he attended, his wife's slow improvement, and the opening of a Lipton Tea plant.
Date: February 26, 1951
Creator: Kempner, Isaac H. (Isaac Herbert), 1873-1967
Object Type: Letter
System: The Portal to Texas History
[Letter from I. H. to Cecile Kempner, May 31, 1952] (open access)

[Letter from I. H. to Cecile Kempner, May 31, 1952]

Letter to Cecile from her father about family matters, investment bonds, the taxes on the bonds, international relations, and Texas primaries.
Date: May 31, 1952
Creator: Kempner, Isaac H. (Isaac Herbert), 1873-1967
Object Type: Letter
System: The Portal to Texas History
Command Study 10, Chapter 4. Expanding the Base for Freedom (open access)

Command Study 10, Chapter 4. Expanding the Base for Freedom

This booklet is the fourth chapter of a training course developed for Air Force Reserve personnel. This chapter discusses the United States' role in promoting democracy across the world and includes background information, analysis, review questions, and a list of suggested readings for further study.
Date: May 1963
Creator: Air University (U.S.)
Object Type: Pamphlet
System: The Portal to Texas History
Command Study 13, Chapter 5. Military Civic Action (open access)

Command Study 13, Chapter 5. Military Civic Action

This booklet is the fifth chapter of a training course developed for Air Force Reserve personnel about counterinsurgency. This chapter discusses "civic action as a weapon against Communist-inspired subversion" (p. 2). It includes background information, analysis, review questions, and a list of readings for further study.
Date: December 1964
Creator: Air University (U.S.)
Object Type: Pamphlet
System: The Portal to Texas History

Oral History Interview with Lewis J. Michelony, Jr., May 2, 1993

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community
Interview with First Sergeant Lewis J. Michelony, Jr., a Marine Corps veteran, concerning his experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II and the Korean War. Michelony discusses his assignment to the 6th Marines in 1943, Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Saipan, and Tinian, as well as Korea and the Chosin Reservoir.
Date: May 2, 1993
Creator: Daniels, John D. (John David), 1946- & Michelony, Lewis. J., 1920-
Object Type: Book
System: The UNT Digital Library
The Biology and Population Status of Marine Turtles in the North Pacific Ocean (open access)

The Biology and Population Status of Marine Turtles in the North Pacific Ocean

From objectives and scope of work: The objective of this report is to provide a comprehensive review of the biology and population status of sea turtles potentially subject to entanglement in North Pacific high-seas driftnet fisheries. The report will assist National Marine Fisheries Service efforts to assess the impacts of the driftnet fisheries on threatened and endangered sea turtle populations.
Date: September 1993
Creator: Eckert, Karen L.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Oral History Interview with Cornelius D. Wiens, November 26, 2000 (open access)

Oral History Interview with Cornelius D. Wiens, November 26, 2000

The National Museum of the Pacific War presents an oral interview with Cornelius D. Wiens. Wiens grew up in Montana and Kansas and was drafted into the Army in 1944. After completing training, he departed about the Sea Snipe for the Philippines. His first landing was at Leyte, where he remained fighting for three months. He describes coming to land on the small landing craft. From Leyte he went to Negros, then Masbate, and finally Mindanao. He describes the Japanese soldiers who were unwilling to surrender. After Japan's surrender he also spent time in Korea as a radio operator.
Date: November 26, 2000
Creator: Wiens, Cornelius D.
Object Type: Text
System: The Portal to Texas History
Oral History Interview with Charley Cole, April 14, 2001 transcript

Oral History Interview with Charley Cole, April 14, 2001

Interview with Charley Cole, a veteran of the U.S. Army who served in the Korean War and was wounded in action. Cole describes his time with the 34th Regiment in Korea at length, with many details about various combat missions and the weapons utilized. He also speaks on his injuries, including being shot in the shoulder.
Date: April 14, 2001
Creator: Cole, Charley
Object Type: Sound
System: The Portal to Texas History
Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001 transcript

Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001

Interview with David Straus of San Antonio, Texas, a veteran from the United States Marine Corps during World War Two in the Pacific Theater as well as the Korean War. The interview includes some of Straus' background before the war and his personal experiences while in the Marines, including memories of Okinawa, various weapons, what happened at the end of World War Two, and his assignment in Korea.
Date: September 17, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Straus, David
Object Type: Sound
System: The Portal to Texas History
Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001 (open access)

Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001

Interview with David Straus of San Antonio, Texas, a veteran from the United States Marine Corps during World War Two in the Pacific Theater as well as the Korean War. The interview includes some of Straus' background before the war and his personal experiences while in the Marines, including memories of Okinawa, various weapons, what happened at the end of World War Two, and his assignment in Korea.
Date: September 17, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Straus, David
Object Type: Text
System: The Portal to Texas History
Oral History Interview with Harold Aiken, April 9, 2002 transcript

Oral History Interview with Harold Aiken, April 9, 2002

Interview with Harold Aiken, a veteran of the Korean War from Highlands, Texas. The interview includes a list of questions and Aiken's responses about his service in the U.S. Army (1946-1949) and impressions while stationed in Korea. While in the service, Aiken served as a truck mechanic for the 7th Division.
Date: April 9, 2002
Creator: Eakin, Elizabeth & Aiken, Harold G., Jr.
Object Type: Sound
System: The Portal to Texas History
Oral History Interview with Harold Aiken, April 9, 2002 (open access)

Oral History Interview with Harold Aiken, April 9, 2002

Interview with Harold Aiken, a veteran of the Korean War from Highlands, Texas. The transcript includes a list of questions and Aiken's responses about his service in the U.S. Army (1946-1949) and impressions while stationed in Korea. While in the service, Aiken served as a truck mechanic for the 7th Division.
Date: February 19, 2003
Creator: Eakin, Elizabeth & Aiken, Harold G., Jr.
Object Type: Text
System: The Portal to Texas History
Oral History Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, March 29, 2003 transcript

Oral History Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, March 29, 2003

Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, a serviceman in the U. S. Navy during World War II. Olivares dropped out of high school and decided to join the U. S. Navy after hearing about the attack on Pearl Harbor. He took his 16-week basic training course at Great Lakes in Illinois where he learned how to fire various guns and recognize aircraft. After basic training, he was assigned to Algiers, Louisiana where he learned how to weld. Aboard the USS Bordelon (DD-881), he served as a Ship Fitter in the damage control department. After WWII, he remained in the reserves and was called up for duty in Korea. He served aboard the USS Sitkoh Bay (CVE-86). After Korea, he worked as a civilian for the Army Corps of Engineers as an oiler on a dredge. He then served in the Merchant Marines, hauling refined petroleum products from South America to North America. He also discusses going to French Indochina (Vietnam) and traveling up the Saigon River in a merchant vessel.
Date: March 29, 2003
Creator: Misenhimer, Richard & Olivares, Hazael R.
Object Type: Sound
System: The Portal to Texas History
Oral History Interview with Charley Cole, April 14, 2001 (open access)

Oral History Interview with Charley Cole, April 14, 2001

Interview with Charley Cole, a veteran of the U.S. Army who served in the Korean War and was wounded in action. Cole describes his time with the 34th Regiment in Korea at length, with many details about various combat missions and the weapons utilized. He also speaks on his injuries, including being shot in the shoulder.
Date: October 23, 2003
Creator: Cole, Charley
Object Type: Text
System: The Portal to Texas History
Korea-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress (open access)

Korea-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

This report outlines the various elements of the bilateral relations between both the U.S. and North Korea and the U.S. and South Korea, especially nuclear nonproliferation agreements, nuclear dismantlement policies, and U.S. military troop withdrawals from South Korea.
Date: July 25, 2008
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress (open access)

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans have served in both houses of Congress representing California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Oregon, Virginia, American Samoa, and Guam. They have served in leadership positions, including committee and subcommittee chairmanships. This report presents information on Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, including party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library