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Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute (open access)

Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute

In May 2003, the United States, Canada, and Argentina initiated a formal challenge before the World Trade Organization (WTO) of the European Union’s (EU’s) de facto moratorium on approving new agricultural biotechnology products, in place since 1998. Although the EU effectively lifted the moratorium in May 2004 by approving a genetically engineered (GE) corn variety, the three countries are pursuing the case, in part because a number of EU member states continue to block approved biotech products. Because of delays, the WTO is expected to decide the case by December 2005. The moratorium reportedly cost U.S. corn growers some $300 million in exports to the EU annually. The EU moratorium, U.S. officials contend, threatened other agricultural exports not only to the EU, but also to other parts of the world where the EU approach to regulating agricultural biotechnology is taking hold.
Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute (open access)

Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute

In May 2003, the United States, Canada, and Argentina initiated a formal challenge before the World Trade Organization (WTO) of the European Union’s (EU’s) de facto moratorium on approving new agricultural biotechnology products, in place since 1998. Although the EU effectively lifted the moratorium in May 2004 by approving a genetically engineered (GE) corn variety, the three countries are pursuing the case, in part because a number of EU member states continue to block approved biotech products. Because of delays, the WTO is expected to decide the case by December 2005. The moratorium reportedly cost U.S. corn growers some $300 million in exports to the EU annually. The EU moratorium, U.S. officials contend, threatened other agricultural exports not only to the EU, but also to other parts of the world where the EU approach to regulating agricultural biotechnology is taking hold.
Date: March 10, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Agriculture Support Mechanisms in the European Union: A Comparison with the United States (open access)

Agriculture Support Mechanisms in the European Union: A Comparison with the United States

The European Union (EU), comprised of 15 member states (countries), is one of the United States’ chief agricultural trading partners and also a major competitor in world markets. Both heavily support their agricultural sectors, with a large share of such support concentrated on wheat, feed grains, cotton, oilseeds, sugar, dairy, and tobacco. However, the EU provides more extensive support to a broader range of farm and food products. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the EU and United States in 2001 together accounted for nearly two-thirds of all government support to agriculture among the major developed economies. However, EU agricultural spending generally is much higher than in the United States. Information comparing how the U.S. and EU governments support their producers is expected to be of interest to policymakers while negotiations are underway among world trading partners to further reform agricultural trade.
Date: July 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library

Arbuckles' illustrated atlas of fifty principal nations of the world.

Atlas shows illustrations of nations throughout the world with brief descriptions.
Date: 1889
Creator: Arbuckle Bros.
Object Type: Map
System: The Portal to Texas History
Aviation and the European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (open access)

Aviation and the European Union's Emission Trading Scheme

This report looks at how the European Union Emission Trading Scheme's coverage of carbon emission from commercial flights affects air carriers from the United States and other countries.
Date: March 7, 2012
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.; Elias, Bart & Shedd, Daniel T.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Aviation and the European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (open access)

Aviation and the European Union's Emission Trading Scheme

This report looks at how the European Union Emission Trading Scheme's coverage of carbon emission from commercial flights affects air carriers from the United States and other countries.
Date: June 11, 2012
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.; Elias, Bart & Shedd, Daniel T.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Aviation and the European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (open access)

Aviation and the European Union's Emission Trading Scheme

This report looks at how the European Union Emission Trading Scheme's coverage of carbon emission from commercial flights affects air carriers from the United States and other countries.
Date: May 15, 2012
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.; Elias, Bart & Shedd, Daniel T.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library

Carte politique de L'Europe

Map shows extent of Austrian Empire, "Rme." of Prussia, Turkey, Russia, and France political boundaries during the mid-nineteenth century. Relief shown by hachures. Scale not given.
Date: 1863
Creator: Legay.
Object Type: Map
System: The Portal to Texas History
Cash Disbursments (open access)

Cash Disbursments

Documents detailing financial expenses related to a European Trip in 1956, including a listing of cash disbursements and the dates and charges for stays a various hotels during the trip. Also noted are discrepancies and outstanding charges.
Date: 1956~
Creator: unknown
Object Type: Text
System: The Portal to Texas History
Chemical Regulation in the European Union: Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals (open access)

Chemical Regulation in the European Union: Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals

This report discusses a new law, Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), that the European Union (EU) began to implement On June 1, 2007.
Date: March 19, 2008
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Climate Change and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS): Looking to 2020 (open access)

Climate Change and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS): Looking to 2020

This report looks at new European Union (EU) emissions standards in trade.
Date: January 27, 2011
Creator: Parker, Larry
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
Climate Change: The European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS) (open access)

Climate Change: The European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS)

The European Union’s (EU’s) Emissions Trading System (ETS) is a cornerstone of the EU’s efforts to meet its obligation under the Kyoto Protocol. It covers more than 11,500 energy intensive facilities across the 25 EU member countries, including oil refineries, power plants over 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity, coke ovens, and iron and steel plants, along with cement, glass, lime, brick, ceramics, and pulp and paper installations. Covered entities emit about 45% of the EU’s carbon dioxide emissions. The trading program does not cover emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases, which account for about 20% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions. A final consideration for the ETS is its suitability for directing long-term investment toward a low-carbon future — the ultimate goal of any climate change program.
Date: July 31, 2006
Creator: Parker, Larry
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The EU-South Korea Free Trade Agreement and Its Implications for the United States (open access)

The EU-South Korea Free Trade Agreement and Its Implications for the United States

This report discusses the free trade agreement (FTA) between South Korea and the European Union (EU). It looks at various aspects of the South Korea-EU FTA (KOREU FTA) including economic ties, trade strategies, and an overview of the key provisions of the agreement focusing on manufactured goods, agriculture, services, and various other provisions of particular interest to U.S. policymakers and the U.S. business community. The report also gives an analysis of the potential economic imact of the KOREU FTA and potential implications of the agreement for the United States.
Date: June 16, 2011
Creator: Cooper, William H.; Jurenas, Remy; Platzer, Michaela D. & Manyin, Mark E.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The EU-South Korea Free Trade Agreement and Its Implications for the United States (open access)

The EU-South Korea Free Trade Agreement and Its Implications for the United States

This report is designed to shed some light on the KOREU FTA for Congress.4 It briefly reviews EU-South Korean economic ties and the respective EU and South Korean objectives regarding the KOREU FTA. It then discusses the KOREU FTA in general and examines some of its major provisions in more detail, with special focus on autos and some other manufacturing sectors, agriculture, services, and labor-areas of particular interest to U.S. policymakers and the U.S. business community. The report does not attempt to determine if one FTA is better than the other. Finally, the report analyzes the prospects for the KOREU FTA and the agreement's potential implications for the United States.
Date: May 3, 2011
Creator: Cooper, William H.; Jurenas, Remy; Platzer, Michaela D. & Manyin, Mark E.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
EU-U.S. Economic Ties: Framework, Scope, and Magnitude (open access)

EU-U.S. Economic Ties: Framework, Scope, and Magnitude

This report provides background information and analysis of the U.S.-EU economic relationship for members of the 112th Congress as they contemplate the costs and benefits of closer U.S. economic ties with the EU. It examines the economic and political framework of the relationship and the scope and magnitude of the ties based on data from various sources. In addition, the report analyzes the implications these factors have for U.S. economic policy toward the EU.
Date: January 27, 2011
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
EU-U.S. Economic Ties: Framework, Scope, and Magnitude (open access)

EU-U.S. Economic Ties: Framework, Scope, and Magnitude

This report provides background information and analysis of the U.S.-EU economic relationship.
Date: April 15, 2005
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library

Europe en 1815.

Map shows extent of the French, Austrian, Russian, and Ottoman Empires at the end of the reign of Emperor Napoleon I. Insets: "Théâtre des deux invasions" [Theatre of the two invasions], "Théâtre des guerres de Vendée" [Theatre of war in Vendee], and "Bassin du Pô" [Po River Basin]. Relief shown by hachures. Scale not given.
Date: [1850..1870]
Creator: Delamarche, Alexandre, 1815-1884
Object Type: Map
System: The Portal to Texas History
The European Parliament (open access)

The European Parliament

Report that discusses the construction and history of the European Parliament (EP), its role in functions of the EU as well as internationally, various international supports and criticisms of the EP, and the EP's ties with the U.S. Congress.
Date: January 21, 2011
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The European Parliament (open access)

The European Parliament

The European Parliament (EP) is one of the three key institutions of the European Union (EU), and the only EU institution whose members are directly elected. This report discusses the construction and history of the EP, its role in functions of the EU as well as internationally, various international supports and criticisms of the EP, and the EP's ties with the U.S. Congress.
Date: November 5, 2010
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The European Parliament (open access)

The European Parliament

The European Parliament (EP) is one of the three key institutions of the European Union (EU), and the only EU institution whose members are directly elected. This report discusses the construction and history of the EP, its role in functions of the EU as well as internationally, various international supports and criticisms of the EP, and the EP's ties with the U.S. Congress.
Date: July 22, 2009
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The European Parliament (open access)

The European Parliament

The 785-member, directly elected European Parliament (EP) is a key institution of the 27-member European Union (EU). Once limited to being a consultative assembly, the EP has accumulated more power over time. Currently, it plays a role in the EU's legislative and budgeting processes, and exercises general supervision over other EU bodies. Ties between the EP and the U.S. Congress are long-standing, and EPCongressional exchanges are expected to continue in the second session of the 110th Congress.
Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects (open access)

The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

This report provides a brief history of the European Union (EU) and the major challenges currently confronting the EU as an institution. It also discusses the potential implications both for the EU itself and for U.S.-EU relations.
Date: February 27, 2017
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
European Union Englargement (open access)

European Union Englargement

The European Union (EU) views the enlargement process as a historic opportunity to promote stability and prosperity in Europe. Although the EU maintains that the enlargement door remains open, "enlargement fatigue" has become a serious issue in Europe and some experts believe that EU enlargement may be reaching its limits. The status of EU enlargement is one of many transatlantic issues likely to be of interest to the second session of the 110th Congress. This report lists the various nations admitted to the European Union within the past several years and analyzes the enlargement issue in general.
Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library
European Union Enlargement (open access)

European Union Enlargement

The European Union (EU) has long viewed the enlargement process as an extraordinary opportunity to promote political stability and economic prosperity in Europe. U.S. Administrations and many Members of Congress have long backed EU enlargement, believing that it serves U.S. interests by advancing democracy and economic prosperity throughout the European continent. Some U.S. officials are concerned that "enlargement fatigue" as well as the EU's ongoing financial crisis could hinder EU expansion. The status of EU enlargement and its implications for both the EU itself and U.S.-EU relations may be of interest to the second session of the 112th Congress.
Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Object Type: Report
System: The UNT Digital Library