Paper exploring the desegregation of schools in Texarkana, Texas, including Texarkana College and the Texarkana Independent School District, and it explores how related events are represented in the media.
Article applying latent class analysis to a set of racial and gender attitude items from the General Social Survey (1977 to 2018) to identify four configurations of individuals’ simultaneous views on race and gender.
August 18, 2021
Scarborough, William; Pepin, Joanna R.; Lambouths, Danny L. III; Kwon, Ronald & Monasterio, Ronaldo
This article collected detailed primary data—the Elementary School Operating Status database (ESOS)—to measure the percentage of school districts offering in-person, remote, and hybrid instruction models for elementary schools by state in September 2020 to understand the nature and magnitude of school closures across states during the COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on maternal labor force participation. The article shows that schools are a vital source of care for young children, and that without in-person instruction, mothers have been sidelined from the labor force.
This article uses agent-based simulations in three “artificial societies” (one predominantly religious; one predominantly secular; and one in between), to demonstrate that worldview pluralism within one’s neighborhood and family social networks can be a significant predictor of religious (dis)affiliation but in pluralistic societies worldview diversity is less important and, instead, people move toward worldview neutrality.
This article investigates whether moving to a state with more expensive childcare is associated with lower odds of maternal employment among mothers who had been employed prior to relocation. Results show that moving to states with fewer childcare barriers is associated with higher levels of maternal employment, partly mitigating the negative labor market effects of interstate migration.
March 4, 2021
Landivar, Liana Christin; Ruppanner, Leah & Scarborough, William
This article examines how self-transcending human values affect perceptions of immigrant threat. Results show that benevolence and universalism tend to affect perceived immigrant threat in opposite directions. A part of individuals’ anti-immigrant bias does not stem from strictly self-interested motivations, as often proposed, but by a sense of loyalty to the interests of our immediate contacts.
This article examines traditional gender roles during the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic fallout as an opportunity to evaluate shifting gender dynamics amidst rapid changes in employment and domestic demands for heterosexual couples with children in Australia and the United States. The authors argue that traditional gender roles were reinforced for U.S. parents but eroded for Australian parents.
This article examines whether the availability of Head Start during the Great Recession mitigated the impact of this crisis on poverty rates among families with young children. The findings provide clear, evidence-based policy recommendations. Increased federal funding for Head Start is needed to support families during a COVID-19 recession.
Article using panel data from the US Current Population Survey to examine changes in mothers’ and fathers’ work hours from February through April 2020, the period of time prior to the widespread COVID-19 outbreak in the United States and through its first peak. Using person-level fixed effects models, we find that mothers with young children have reduced their work hours four to five times more than fathers.
This article explores the barrier that gender segregation posses to the exchange of diverse ideas between women and men workers in the United States. The author uses fixed effects regression models to examine the relationship between labor market levels of segregation and economic growth from 1980 and 2010. Results from this study suggest that gender equity is a vital ingredient in the economic development of local United States labor markets.
This article operationalizes social network structure within the study of secularism, discusses the available research with a focus on atheism in particular, and integrates this research into a schematic theoretical model of atheist self-identity, network structure and health.
This article examines the connections between participants in the illicit drug trade and members of state security forces to understand how they impact everyday understandings of the law. The authors used ethnographic fieldwork in a poor, high-crime district in Argentina and information gathered for a court case involving a drug trafficking group active in the same area as the basis for their research.