Final report on a research study examining the use of physicians, hospitals, and dentists among the noninstitutionalized population 65 years of age and older in the United States to determine what social, economic, and health factors were most predictive of the use of those services.
Final report to the National Retired Teachers Association (NRTA)- American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) Andrus Foundation. This reports on a research study of the changing use of health care services by unmarried older women from 1969 to 1975.
This report is on a case study from Guatemala on malnutrition and food aid programs. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of food aid and/or food aid programs on the nutritional status of its recipients in two regions of Guatemala. From this investigation, empirically-based programmatic statements as to the role of food aid and its impact on human society will be presented.
Rodeheaver, Daniel Gilbert, 1954-; Bates, Frederick L. & Murphy, Arthur D.
The problem of the investigation was to ascertain the contributions of various sociological theorists to a sociology of emotions. Emphasis was to be placed on the symbolic interactionist school. The method employed was that of a literature review, with an evaluative analysis of each of a number of writers as each contributed to a sociology of emotions. The study had the purpose of remedying the long-standing neglect of emotions by sociologists. This purpose was accomplished by indicating the distinctive contributions of each theorist and areas of convergence among theorists. The investigation was organized according to groups of theorists. Each theorist was examined for conceptions of human nature and of the relationship between the individual and society. Chapter I discussed the problem in general; the remaining chapters analyzed the theorists. Chapter II discussed the classical theorists Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Georg Simmel, and Talcott Parsons. Chapter III presented the views of the symbolic interactionists George Herbert Mead, Charles Cooley, Herbert Blumer, Hans Gerth and C. Wright Mills, and Erving Goffman. Chapter IV treated contemporary theorists: Arlie Hochschild, Theodore Kemper, Susan Shott, and Norman Denzin.
This research sought to identify the determinants of nonuse and high use of physician services and assess whether or not patterns of nonuse and high use changed over time. The population of interest was a group of elderly unmarried women who participated in the Longitudinal Retirement History Survey from 1969 to 1979. Andersen and Newman's (2) health care services utilization model served as the conceptual framework for this research. Of specific interest was the relationship between age strata and health care behavior. Age proved to be a stratifying variable within the health care delivery system. Over the ten year survey period, the health care behavior of preretirement and postretirement nonusers and high users differed significantly. A decline in nonuse was also associated with the transition years. This finding could be attributed to the "near poor" becoming eligible for Medicare. In any event, these data show that utilization of physician services is likely to increase among some unmarried women in their middle 60's.
From 1970 to 1980 nonadjacent counties in Texas experienced an increase in net migration of 9.4 percent, significantly different from the 11.8 percent decrease experienced the previous decade. This study utilized the ecological perspective to study this redistribution pattern in Texas' nonadjacent counties between 1970 and 1980. Sustenance organization, defined as sustenance differentiation (the functional organization of sustenance activities and the dispersion of workers across these functional categories) and the mode of sustenance organization (the combinations of various sustenance activities) was identified as the primary independent variable. In addition, three secondary independent variables were included in the analysis (population per square mile, metropolitan dominance, and the percent who work outside the county of residence).
This dissertation fills a conspicuous gap in the literature on the U.S. woman suffrage movement by developing and testing a model of state woman suffrage success. This model is based on a version of the resource mobilization perspective on social movements which emphasizes the importance of social movement organizations (such as the National American Woman Suffrage Association) as resource-gathering agencies which can exploit the structure of organized politics by mobilizing their own resources and neutralizing those of opponents. Accordingly, this model taps four alternative types of variables used by woman suffrage scholars to explain state success: state political structure, NAWSA mobilization, and liquor and allied interests (opponents of woman suffrage) as well as demographic characteristics.