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Method of making multilayered titanium ceramic composites (open access)

Method of making multilayered titanium ceramic composites

A method making a titanium ceramic composite involves forming a hot pressed powder body having a microstructure comprising at least one titanium metal or alloy layer and at least one ceramic particulate reinforced titanium metal or alloy layer and hot forging the hot pressed body follwed by hot rolling to substantially reduce a thickness dimension and substantially increase a lateral dimension thereof to form a composite plate or sheet that retains in the microstructure at least one titanium based layer and at least one ceramic reinforced titanium based layer in the thickness direction of the composite plate or sheet.
Date: August 25, 1998
Creator: Fisher, George T., II; Hansen; Jeffrey, S.; Oden; Laurance, L.; Turner et al.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Enhanced adhesion for LIGA microfabrication by using a buffer layer (open access)

Enhanced adhesion for LIGA microfabrication by using a buffer layer

The present invention is an improvement on the LIGA microfabrication process wherein a buffer layer is applied to the upper or working surface of a substrate prior to the placement of a resist onto the surface of the substrate. The buffer layer is made from an inert low-Z material (low atomic weight), a material that absorbs secondary X-rays emissions from the substrate that are generated from the substrate upon exposure to a primary X-rays source. Suitable materials for the buffer layer include polyamides and polyimide. The preferred polyimide is synthesized from pyromellitic anhydride and oxydianiline (PMDA-ODA).
Date: May 22, 1998
Creator: Bajikar, Sateesh S.; DeCarlo, Francesco & Song, Joshua J.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Thermionic converter with differentially heated cesium-oxygen source and method of operation (open access)

Thermionic converter with differentially heated cesium-oxygen source and method of operation

A thermionic converter having an emitter, a collector, and a source of cesium vapor is provided, wherein the source of cesium vapor is differentially heated so that said source has a hotter end and a cooler end, with cesium vapor evaporating from said hotter end into the space between the emitter and the collector and with cesium vapor condensing at said cooler end. The condensed cesium vapor migrates through a porous element from the cooler end to the hotter end.
Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Rasor, N. S.; Riley, D. R.; Murray, C. S. & Geller, C. B.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Laser barometer (open access)

Laser barometer

This paper describes an invention of a pressure measuring instrument which uses laser radiation to sense the pressure in an enclosed environment by means of measuring the change in refractive index of a gas - which is pressure dependent.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Abercrombie, K.R.; Shiels, D. & Rash, T.
System: The UNT Digital Library
A method for treating electrolyte to remove Li{sub 2}O (open access)

A method for treating electrolyte to remove Li{sub 2}O

Electrorefining has been used in processes for recovering uranium and plutonium metals from spent nuclear fuel. The electrorefining is performed in an electrochemical cell in which the chopped fuel elements from the reactor forms the anode, the electrolyte, preferably, is the fused eutectic salt of the LiCl-KCl which contain UCl{sub 3} and PuCl{sub 3}. Purified metal collected at the cathode collects at the bottom of the cell. This invention provides a method for removing lithium oxide from the electrolyte salt, with the end formation of a solid lithium-aluminium alloy.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Tomczuk, Z.; Miller, W. E.; Johnson, G. K. & Willit, J. L.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Autogenous electrolyte, non-pyrolytically produced solid capacitor structure (open access)

Autogenous electrolyte, non-pyrolytically produced solid capacitor structure

This report discusses the design of a solid electrolytic capacitor having a solid electrolyte comprised of manganese dioxide dispersed in an aromatic polyamide capable of to forming polyimide linkages. This solid electrolyte being disposed between a first electrode made of valve metal covered by an anodic oxide film and a second electrode opposite the first electrode. The electrolyte autogenously produces water, oxygen, and hydroxyl groups which act as healing substances and is not itself produced pyrolytically. Reduction of the manganese dioxide and the water molecules released by formation of imide linkages result in substantially improved self-healing of anodic dielectric layer defects.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Sharp, D. J.; Armstrong, P. S. & Paintz, J. K. G.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Process for making silver metal filaments (open access)

Process for making silver metal filaments

This invention relates to a process for making filaments of metal compounds and more particularly to a process for making silver metal filaments. The United States Government has rights to this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC05-8421400 with Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. awarded by the US Department of Energy.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Bamberger, C.E.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Method for producing iron-based acid catalysts (open access)

Method for producing iron-based acid catalysts

A method for preparing an acid catalyst with a long shelf-life is described. Crystalline iron oxides are doped with lattice compatible metals which are heated with halogen compounds at elevated temperatures.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Farcasiu, M.; Kathrein, H.; Kaufman, P. B. & Diehl, J. R.
System: The UNT Digital Library
A process for off-gas particulate removal (open access)

A process for off-gas particulate removal

This paper describes an off-gas system for the removal of radioactive particulates from a melter for the vitrification of radioactive wastes to form glass waste forms. A diagram is provided.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Carl, D. E.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Continuous injection of an inert gas through a drill rig for drilling into potentially hazardous areas (open access)

Continuous injection of an inert gas through a drill rig for drilling into potentially hazardous areas

A drill rig for drilling in potentially hazardous areas includes a drill having conventional features such as a frame, a gear motor, gear box, and a drive. A hollow rotating shaft projects through the drive and frame. An auger, connected to the shaft is provided with a multiplicity of holes. An inert gas is supplied to the hollow shaft and directed from the rotating shaft to the holes in the auger. The inert gas flows down the hollow shaft, and then down the hollow auger, and out through the holes in the bottom of the auger into the potentially hazardous area.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: McCormick, S.H. & Pigott, W.R.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Nanodisperse transition metal electrodes (NTME) for electrochemical cells (open access)

Nanodisperse transition metal electrodes (NTME) for electrochemical cells

Disclosed are transition metal electrodes for electrochemical cells using gel-state and solid-state polymers. The electrodes are suitable for use in primary and secondary cells. The electrodes (either negative electrode or positive electrode) are characterized by uniform dispersion of the transition metal at the nanoscale in the polymer. The transition metal moiety is structurally amorphous, so no capacity fade should occur due to lattice expansion/contraction mechanisms. The small grain size, amorphous structure and homogeneous distribution provide improved charge/discharge cycling performance, and a higher initial discharge rate capability. The cells can be cycled at high current densities, limited only by the electrolyte conductivity. A method of making the electrodes (positive and negative), and their usage in electrochemical cells are disclosed.
Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Striebel, Kathryn A. & Wen, Shi-Jie
System: The UNT Digital Library
Process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics and material (open access)

Process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics and material

A process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics is provided. A gaseous atmosphere consisting essentially of silicon monoxide gas is formed by exposing a source of silicon to an atmosphere consisting essentially of hydrogen and a sufficient amount of water vapor. The aluminum based ceramic is exposed to the gaseous silicon monoxide atmosphere for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to produce a continuous, stable silicon-containing film on the surface of the aluminum based ceramic that increases the strength of the ceramic.
Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Moorhead, Arthur J. & Kim, Hyoun-Ee
System: The UNT Digital Library
Oxide strengthened molybdenum-rhenium alloy (open access)

Oxide strengthened molybdenum-rhenium alloy

Provided is a method of making an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy which includes the steps of: (1) forming a slurry containing molybdenum oxide and a metal salt dispersed in an aqueous medium, the metal salt being selected from nitrates or acetates of lanthanum, cerium or thorium; (2) heating the slurry in the presence of hydrogen to form a molybdenum powder comprising molybdenum and an oxide of the metal salt; (3) mixing rhenium powder with the molybdenum powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium powder; (4) pressing the molybdenum-rhenium powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium compact; (5) sintering the molybdenum-rhenium compact in hydrogen or under a vacuum to form a molybdenum-rhenium ingot; and (6) compacting the molybdenum-rhenium ingot to reduce the cross-sectional area of the molybdenum-rhenium ingot and form a molybdenum-rhenium alloy containing said metal oxide. The present invention also provides an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy made by the method.
Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Bianco, Robert & Buckman, William R. Jr.
System: The UNT Digital Library
A rigid porous filter and filtration method (open access)

A rigid porous filter and filtration method

The present invention involves a porous rigid filter comprising a plurality of concentric filtration elements having internal flow passages and forming external flow passages there between. The present invention also involves a pressure vessel containing the filter for the removal of particulate from high pressure particulate containing gases, and further involves a method for using the filter to remove such particulate. The present filter has the advantage of requiring fewer filter elements due to the high surface area- to-volume ratio provided by the filter, requires a reduced pressure vessel size, and exhibits enhanced mechanical design properties, improved cleaning properties, configuration options, modularity and ease of fabrication.
Date: December 1998
Creator: Chiang, Ta-Kuan; Straub, Douglas, Straub L. & Dennis, Richard A.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Method for direct production of carbon disulfide and hydrogen from hydrocarbons and hydrogen sulfide feedstock (open access)

Method for direct production of carbon disulfide and hydrogen from hydrocarbons and hydrogen sulfide feedstock

A method for converting hydrocarbons and hydrogen sulfide to carbon disulfide and hydrogen is provided comprising contacting the hydrocarbons and hydrogen sulfide to a bi-functional catalyst residing in a controlled atmosphere for a time and at a temperature sufficient to produce carbon disulfide and hydrogen. Also provided is a catalyst for converting carbon sulfides and hydrogen sulfides to gasoline range hydrocarbons comprising a mixture containing a zeolite catalyst and a hydrogenating catalyst.
Date: December 1998
Creator: Miao, Frank Q. & Erekson, Erek James
System: The UNT Digital Library
Method and Apparatus for Monitoring the Integrity of a Geomembrane Liner using time Domain Reflectometry (open access)

Method and Apparatus for Monitoring the Integrity of a Geomembrane Liner using time Domain Reflectometry

Leaks are detected in a multi-layered geomembrane liner by a two-dimensional time domain reflectometry (TDR) technique. The TDR geomembrane liner is constructed with an electrically conductive detection layer positioned between two electrically non-conductive dielectric layers, which are each positioned between the detection layer and an electrically conductive reference layer. The integrity of the TDR geomembrane liner is determined by generating electrical pulses within the detection layer and measuring the time delay for any reflected electrical energy caused by absorption of moisture by a dielectric layer.
Date: November 9, 1998
Creator: Morris, John L.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Free Motion Scanning System (open access)

Free Motion Scanning System

The present invention relates to an ultrasonic scanner and method for the imaging of a part surface, the scanner comprising: a probe assembly spaced apart from the surface including at least two tracking signals for emitting electromagnetic radiation and a transmitter for emitting ultrasonic waves onto a surface in order to induce at least a portion of said waves to be reflected from the surface, at least one detector for receiving the electromagnetic radiation wherein the detector is positioned to receive said radiation from the tracking signals, an analyzing means for recognizing a three-dimensional location of the tracking signals based on said emitted electromagnetic radiation, a differential conversion means for generating an output signal representative of the waveform of the reflected waves, and a means for relating said tracking signal location with the output signal and projecting an image of the resulting data. The scanner and method are particularly useful to acquire ultrasonic inspection data by scanning the probe-over a complex part surface in an arbitrary scanning pattern.
Date: June 18, 1998
Creator: Sword, Charles K.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Statistically Qualified Neuro-Analytic system and Method for Process Monitoring (open access)

Statistically Qualified Neuro-Analytic system and Method for Process Monitoring

An apparatus and method for monitoring a process involves development and application of a statistically qualified neuro-analytic (SQNA) model to accurately and reliably identify process change. The development of the SQNA model is accomplished in two steps: deterministic model adaption and stochastic model adaptation. Deterministic model adaption involves formulating an analytic model of the process representing known process characteristics,augmenting the analytic model with a neural network that captures unknown process characteristics, and training the resulting neuro-analytic model by adjusting the neural network weights according to a unique scaled equation emor minimization technique. Stochastic model adaptation involves qualifying any remaining uncertainty in the trained neuro-analytic model by formulating a likelihood function, given an error propagation equation, for computing the probability that the neuro-analytic model generates measured process output. Preferably, the developed SQNA model is validated using known sequential probability ratio tests and applied to the process as an on-line monitoring system.
Date: November 4, 1998
Creator: Vilim, Richard B.; Garcia, Humberto E. & Chen, Frederick W.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Optical State-of-Change Monitor for Lead-Acid Batteries (open access)

Optical State-of-Change Monitor for Lead-Acid Batteries

A method and apparatus for determining the instantaneous state-of-charge of a battery in which change in composition with discharge manifests itself as a change in optical absorption. In a lead-acid battery, the sensor comprises a fiber optic system with an absorption cdl or, alternatively, an optical fiber woven into an absorbed-glass-mat battery. In a lithium-ion battery, the sensor comprises fiber optics for introducing light into the anode to monitor absorption when lithium ions are introduced.
Date: July 24, 1998
Creator: Weiss, Jonathan D.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Automated Detection and Location of Indications in Eddy Current Signals (open access)

Automated Detection and Location of Indications in Eddy Current Signals

A computer implemented information extraction process that locates and identifies eddy current signal features in digital point-ordered signals, said signals representing data from inspection of test materials, by enhancing the signal features relative to signal noise, detecting features of the signals, verifying the location of the signal features that can be known in advance, and outputting information about the identity and location of all detected signal features.
Date: June 30, 1998
Creator: Brudnoy, David M.; Oppenlander, Jane E. & Levy, Arthur J.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Directly Susceptible, Noncarbon Composite Crucible (open access)

Directly Susceptible, Noncarbon Composite Crucible

A sintered metal ceramic crucible suitable for high temperature induction melting of reactive metals without appreciable carbon or silicon contamination of the melt. The crucible comprises a cast matrix of a thermally conductive ceramic material; a perforated metal sleeve, which serves as a susceptor for induction heating of the crucible, embedded within the ceramic cast matrix; and a thermal-shock-absorber barrier interposed between the metal sleeve and the ceramic cast matrix to allow for differential thermal expansions between the matrix and the metal sleeve and to act as a thermal-shock-absorber which moderates the effects of rapid changes of sleeve temperature on the matrix.
Date: November 25, 1998
Creator: Holcombe, Cressie E., Jr.; Kiggans, James O., Jr.; Morrow, S. Marvin & Rexford, Donald
System: The UNT Digital Library
Method and System to Directly Produce Electrical Power within the Lithium Blanket Region of a Magnetically Confined, Deuterium-Tritium (DT) Fueled, Thermonuclear Fusion Reactor (open access)

Method and System to Directly Produce Electrical Power within the Lithium Blanket Region of a Magnetically Confined, Deuterium-Tritium (DT) Fueled, Thermonuclear Fusion Reactor

A method for integrating liquid metal magnetohydrodynamic power generation with fusion blanket technology to produce electrical power from a thermonuclear fusion reactor located within a confining magnetic field and within a toroidal structure. A hot liquid metal flows from a liquid metal blanket region into a pump duct of an electromagnetic pump which moves the liquid metal to a mixer where a gas of predetermined pressure is mixed with the pressurized liquid metal to form a Froth mixture. Electrical power is generated by flowing the Froth mixture between electrodes in a generator duct. When the Froth mixture exits the generator the gas is separated from the liquid metal and both are recycled.
Date: September 22, 1998
Creator: Woolley, Robert D.
System: The UNT Digital Library
In-Line Thermoelectric Module (open access)

In-Line Thermoelectric Module

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an-in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and …
Date: July 28, 1998
Creator: Pento, Robert; Marks, James E. & Staffanson, Clifford D.
System: The UNT Digital Library
Method and Apparatus for measuring Gravitational Acceleration Utilizing a high Temperature Superconducting Bearing (open access)

Method and Apparatus for measuring Gravitational Acceleration Utilizing a high Temperature Superconducting Bearing

Gravitational acceleration is measured in all spatial dimensions with improved sensitivity by utilizing a high temperature superconducting (HTS) gravimeter. The HTS gravimeter is comprised of a permanent magnet suspended in a spaced relationship from a high temperature superconductor, and a cantilever having a mass at its free end is connected to the permanent magnet at its fixed end. The permanent magnet and superconductor combine to form a bearing platform with extremely low frictional losses, and the rotational displacement of the mass is measured to determine gravitational acceleration. Employing a high temperature superconductor component has the significant advantage of having an operative temperature at or below 77K, whereby cooling maybe accomplished with liquid nitrogen.
Date: November 6, 1998
Creator: Hull, John R.
System: The UNT Digital Library