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Improvement in Processes of Reducing Asphaltum to Liquid. (open access)

Improvement in Processes of Reducing Asphaltum to Liquid.

Patent for improved “process of reducing asphaltum to a liquid and holding the same in a fluid condition without heat or the use of dead-oils” (lines 31-34).
Date: April 20, 1875
Creator: Lee, Archibald K.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Car-Couplings. (open access)

Improvement in Car-Couplings.

Patent for an improved automatic car-coupling, including illustrations.
Date: November 23, 1875
Creator: Harper, Derastus
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Bale-Ties. (open access)

Improvement in Bale-Ties.

Patent for improvement in bale-ties. "This invention relates to that class of ties or hoops for cotton-bales, in which the band of hoop iron is provided with rigid hooks, studs, or buttons, and matching perforations as means for adjustably uniting the ends."
Date: October 23, 1875
Creator: Powell, Amos N.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton-Presses. (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Presses.

Patent for improvement in cotton-presses, which increases convenience by using detachable parts to facilitate insertion of material and a windlass with a system of cords and levers to increase compression of cotton.
Date: November 30, 1875
Creator: Wallace, Wesley W.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Spectacle-Frames. (open access)

Improvement in Spectacle-Frames.

Patent for "spectacle-frames in which the bows are turned into a coil near the points where they are connected to the lens-hoops for the purpose of forming spring-joints, instead of the ordinary pivot-joints." (Lines 6-10) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 30, 1875
Creator: Stewart, John W.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Rotary Spade-Cultivators (open access)

Improvement in Rotary Spade-Cultivators

Patent for a rotary spade-cultivator that is secured to a frame, which is attached to the rear of a vehicle.
Date: December 7, 1875
Creator: Brodnax, David W., Sr.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Adding-Machines. (open access)

Improvement in Adding-Machines.

Patent for an improved adding-machine design.
Date: December 7, 1875
Creator: Butt, Dennis, L. R.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Gang-Plows. (open access)

Improvement in Gang-Plows.

Patent for "a novel means of hanging the gang of plows beneath the draft-frame, in combination with levers and link-connections, whereby the plows can be adjusted to run at any desired depth, and firmly held after the adjustment." (Lines 18-23) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 21, 1875
Creator: McCormick, John R.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Rotary Dredgers. (open access)

Improvement in Rotary Dredgers.

Patent for an improved rotary dredging-machine operated by adjustment from the engine through gearing enabling the manipulation of "a heavier wheel than would otherwise be practicable" (lines 71-72) with illustrations.
Date: December 21, 1875
Creator: Hawley, Abel
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Ventilators. (open access)

Improvement in Ventilators.

Patent for improvement in ventilators which combines a bell-mouthed vane with white induction and black eduction pipes for the purpose of introducing fresh air and eliminating foul air from an enclosed area.
Date: December 21, 1875
Creator: Moyer, Alexander L.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Sewing-Machine Thread-Guards. (open access)

Improvement in Sewing-Machine Thread-Guards.

Patent for "a guard attachment to the Wheeler & Wilson sewing-machine for preventing the thread from being thrown off the tension by the work, and for preventing the thread from running off the spool onto the spindle." (Lines 6-11) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 21, 1875
Creator: Roosevelt, Lillian
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Locomotive Earth-Excavators. (open access)

Improvement in Locomotive Earth-Excavators.

Patent for "an earth-excavator, principally for use in making the road-beds for railroads, which shall not only do its work continuously, but which shall be equally efficient in throwing up an embankment or in making a deep cut." (Lines 8-12) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 28, 1875
Creator: Hawley, Abel
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Washing-Machines. (open access)

Improvement in Washing-Machines.

Patent for an improvement to washing machines, in which "the novelty consists in allowing both cylinder and blades to be rotated or oscillated independently of each other." (Lines 17-19) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: January 5, 1875
Creator: Starr, Henry D.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Ironing Apparatus. (open access)

Improvement in Ironing Apparatus.

Reissue patent for an ironing machine that "consists in the construction and novel arrangement of the horizontally-moving iron and horizontally-reciprocating table..." (para. 2).
Date: September 21, 1875
Creator: Cottingham, Gideon W.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton-Presses (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Presses

Patent for a new and useful improvement in a cotton press. "Our invention has for its object to furnish an improved press for baling cotton as it comes from the gin, &c., &c." (lines 14-16).
Date: January 5, 1875
Creator: Crenshaw, William T. & Carothers, Robert J.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Locomotive Smoke - Stacks. (open access)

Improvement in Locomotive Smoke - Stacks.

Patent for new and useful improvement in locomotive smoke stacks, "in which the sparks, live cinders, and other heavy particles are arrested near the top of the stack." It consists of a petticoat-pipe, arranged so that it may be raised or lowered for the purpose of regulating the draft.
Date: January 5, 1875
Creator: Cleary, Edward
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Portable Fences. (open access)

Improvement in Portable Fences.

Patent for new and useful improvements in fences made in sections or panels. It consists in the construction and arrangement of the brackets or supports for the panels.
Date: January 12, 1875
Creator: Johnson, Jehu W.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvements In Mosquito-Bar Frames (open access)

Improvements In Mosquito-Bar Frames

Patent for improvement in Mosquito-Bar frames to be used on low Post Bed Steads.
Date: January 12, 1875
Creator: Howe, William F
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters. (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Patent for an improvement in cotton-seed planters, including illustrations.
Date: January 12, 1875
Creator: Miller, Benjamin, F. & Reeves, William J.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Seed-Planters. (open access)

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Patent for an improvement in seed-planters, illustration included.
Date: January 26, 1875
Creator: Garner, John G.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton-Harvesters. (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Harvesters.

Patent for a new and improved cotton-harvesting machine, including illustrations.
Date: January 26, 1875
Creator: Miller, La Fayette Kohler
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton-Bale Ties. (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Bale Ties.

Patent for a detachable and re-useable cotton-bale tie, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: February 2, 1875
Creator: Jones, Henry Bradly
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Bale-Ties (open access)

Improvement in Bale-Ties

Patent for an improved kind of bale tie "designed to hold in compact form a mass of hay, cotton, moss, and other analogous substances" (para. 3).
Date: February 2, 1875
Creator: Reese, John L.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Compositions for Filling Teeth. (open access)

Improvement in Compositions for Filling Teeth.

Patent for a new compound for use as a tooth filling as related to dentistry. Names all of the ingredients forming the compound and lists the necessary proportions of each ingredient.
Date: February 9, 1875
Creator: Erlenmeyer, Erwin
System: The Portal to Texas History