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Imporvement in Combined Spades and Hoes. (open access)

Imporvement in Combined Spades and Hoes.

Patent for a new combination/convertible spade and hoe design with instructions and illustrations.
Date: September 11, 1874
Creator: Cassiano, I. Ygnacio
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton-Bale Ties. (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Bale Ties.

Patent for a secure cotton-bale tie which is "held securely in place on the hoop or band without depending therefor upon the elasticity of the bale" (lines 12-14), including illustrations.
Date: August 18, 1874
Creator: Davis, Waters S.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Machines for Destroying Cotton Worms. (open access)

Improvement in Machines for Destroying Cotton Worms.

Patent for a machine to distribute poison to destroy Cotton Worms, including illustrations.
Date: September 1, 1874
Creator: Davis, Nicholas A.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Car-Couplings. (open access)

Improvement in Car-Couplings.

Patent for an improvement in link and pin car-couplings, including illustrations.
Date: September 1, 1874
Creator: Moyer, Alexander L.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Rein-Holders. (open access)

Improvement in Rein-Holders.

Patent for "improvement in a class of rein-holding devices consisting each of a pivoted, vertically-swinging cam or locking-jaw and a frame...for attachment to the dashboard of a carriage or other vehicle." (lines 7-12) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: September 1, 1874
Creator: Royse, John ; Royse, J. ; John Royse, of Dodd City, Texas.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton-Bale Ties. (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Bale Ties.

Patent for a new and improved type of cotton bale tie utilizing an automatic leverr-clasp buckle fastener.
Date: July 11, 1874
Creator: Lenard, William R, of Waco, Texas
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Insect-Destroying Compounds. (open access)

Improvement in Insect-Destroying Compounds.

Patent for an insecticide that kills ants via fumigation. Ingredients include sulfur, charcoal, potassium cyanide, arsenic, and coal tar.
Date: September 22, 1874
Creator: Tottenham, John William
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Pulverizing Subsoil-Plows. (open access)

Improvement in Pulverizing Subsoil-Plows.

Patent for an improvement in subsoil plows to pulverize soils, including illustrations.
Date: September 22, 1874
Creator: Mangham, Josiah T.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Cotton - Bale Ties (open access)

Cotton - Bale Ties

Patent for tying the ends of cotton bale wires or bands.
Date: September 22, 1874
Creator: Szabo, Alexander A.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Spike-Extractors. (open access)

Improvement in Spike-Extractors.

Patent for "an improvement in the class of nail-extractors in which a gripe or grapple formed of pendent springs or hinged jaws is employed." (lines 7-10) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: September 29, 1874
Creator: Devine, William ; William Devine, of Brownville, Texas ; Devine, W.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Windmills. (open access)

Improvement in Windmills.

Patent for the improvement of windmills, including illustrations.
Date: September 29, 1874
Creator: Symthe, Peyton.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Picket-Fences (open access)

Improvement in Picket-Fences

Patent for improvement for picket fences composed of zig zag settings with their upper ends brought in line and are connected and supported by wires and posts.
Date: October 6, 1874
Creator: McGinty, Robert H.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton-Planters. (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Planters.

Patent for a cotton-planting machine which "consists in a distributing-drum, having seed-openings through it, and inclined distributing-agitators inside of it, said drum being applied to turn in a frame which is pivoted to the beam of a shovel-plow, whereby the roller will accommodate itself to inequalities of surface passed over, and uniformly discharge the seed in the drill-rows, after which a drag or coverer will cover up the seed." (Lines 18-26) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: October 13, 1874
Creator: Remsen, Byron & Russell, John E. S.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton Planters (open access)

Improvement in Cotton Planters

Patent for "a new and useful improvement in Cotton-Planter" (lines 3-4) with "construction and means to adjust the furrow-opener" (lines 6-8) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: October 13, 1874
Creator: Troat, Oliver H.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Bale-Ties. (open access)

Improvement in Bale-Ties.

Patent for an "invention to produce a cheap and convenient tie, which is durable, and which will not unlock should the rivet holding the button break from any strain on it, the button still holding by means of slots, and the strain being transferred to a slot in the end of the tie in which the button was riveted." (Lines 15-22) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: October 20, 1874
Creator: Brown, Maurice T.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Bale-Ties. (open access)

Improvement in Bale-Ties.

Patent for bale ties that are designed "to have a series of holes in each end portion of the hoop, so that two keys can be used; also so that the hoop can be taken up short and again used on the compressed or repressed bale." (Lines 20-24) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: October 27, 1874
Creator: Jones, Henry B.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Ironing-Machines. (open access)

Improvement in Ironing-Machines.

Patent for a new ironing machine design, including illustrations.
Date: November 3, 1874
Creator: Perrenet, George Francis
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Bale-Ties. (open access)

Improvement in Bale-Ties.

Patent for an improved bale-hoop tie, consisting of a tongue and slot locking device, which may be used for cotton or other bales, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 3, 1874
Creator: Davis, Waters S.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Bale-Ties. (open access)

Improvement in Bale-Ties.

Patent for the improved design of a bale-hoop tie, including illustrations.
Date: November 3, 1874
Creator: Davis, Waters S.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Bale-Ties. (open access)

Improvement in Bale-Ties.

Patent for the improvement of the design of the bale-tie, including illustrations.
Date: November 10, 1874
Creator: Szabo, Alexander A.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Guide-Wheels for Car-Trucks. (open access)

Improvement in Guide-Wheels for Car-Trucks.

Patent for a "device or attachment to car-trucks, &c., for preventing their being thrown off the track." (Lines 8-10) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 17, 1874
Creator: Hale, Nathan M.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Truss-Bridges. (open access)

Improvement in Truss-Bridges.

Patent for an improved method of truss-bridge construction, "whether made with a single or double roadway and with or without a sidewalk upon one or both sides, so as to enable them to be made with less material and less expense than when made in the ordinary manner, and which shall at the same time have an equal or greater strength." (Lines 14-20) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 17, 1874
Creator: Miner, John L.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Plows. (open access)

Improvement in Plows.

Patent for "means whereby the beam of a plow may be elevated or depressed at the front end according to the depth to which it is intended that the plow shall run, and held securely at several points of adjustment." (Lines 11-16) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 17, 1874
Creator: Ihringer, August
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Cotton-Presses. (open access)

Improvement in Cotton-Presses.

Patent for "an improved cotton-press, which is mainly devised for use on smaller cotton-plantations for baling smaller crops in a very convenient and rapid manner, with considerable economy in power and hands." (Lines 16-20) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 24, 1874
Creator: Koehl, William
System: The Portal to Texas History