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Fire and Burglar Proof Safe. (open access)

Fire and Burglar Proof Safe.

Patent for a safe "constructed as to be safe from fire and burglars, and at which the same time may be made lighter, and may be less expensive in manufacture than when made in the usual way." (para. 4). Additionally, safe is airtight and water-proof.
Date: March 18, 1870
Creator: Wilkins, Samuel Adams
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Shackles. (open access)

Improvement in Shackles.

Patent for a shackle for the hands and feet that is designed to prevent the use of objects in order to escape.
Date: September 30, 1870
Creator: Belcher, Melvin Anderson & Perrenot, George Francis
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Turbine Water-Wheels. (open access)

Improvement in Turbine Water-Wheels.

Patent for a new turbine water wheel, which is said to alleviate past problems with older model turbines. The patent includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: January 11, 1870
Creator: Chadwick, H. A.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improved Bridge. (open access)

Improved Bridge.

Patent for an invention that "is to provide certain improvements in the construction of bridges, whereby the parts thereof, of wood, may be readily removed for the substitution of others, when decayed or broken, without interfering with the use of the bridge or weakening it (lines 10-15)". The patent includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: January 11, 1870
Creator: McDowell, H. S.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Machines for Bending Stirrups. (open access)

Improvement in Machines for Bending Stirrups.

Patent for an invention that "is to provide a simple and efficient machine for bending and shaping stirrups for saddles" (lines 10-12). The patent includes instructions and an illustration.
Date: February 1, 1870
Creator: Forest, Demsey
System: The Portal to Texas History
Apparatus for Transmitting Power. (open access)

Apparatus for Transmitting Power.

Patent for a new invention which uses a combination of radiation and levers in order more efficiently transmit power. The patent includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: February 8, 1870
Creator: Williams, Blasius
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Saw-Set. (open access)

Improvement in Saw-Set.

Patent for an invention "which can be used for setting the teeth of all kinds of saws by hand, and without requiring and intricate machinery" (lines 15-18). The patent includes instructions and an illustration.
Date: February 15, 1870
Creator: Harris, H. A.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Fence. (open access)

Improvement in Fence.

Patent for a new fence design that "can be adapted to any desired length, width, or height" (lines 14-15). The patent includes illustrations and instructions.
Date: February 15, 1870
Creator: Kerr, James
System: The Portal to Texas History
Mill-Stone Dress. (open access)

Mill-Stone Dress.

Patent for Mill Stone Dressing- the pattern on a mill stone for the better grinding of grains into flour. The furrows and grooves of the new design allow grain to be "milled... at greater speed (and)even distribution."
Date: March 8, 1870
Creator: Loy, G. W.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Apparatus for Separating the Seed from Fruit-Pulp (open access)

Improvement in Apparatus for Separating the Seed from Fruit-Pulp

Patent for a simple machine "for separating the seed from the pulp of the Bois-de-Arc or Osage orange and other apples where the seed is required to be separated uninjured for planing and other purposes" (line 26-29).
Date: March 29, 1870
Creator: Mayo, Robert H.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improved Double Pincers. (open access)

Improved Double Pincers.

Patent for the improvement of double pincers by way of "double jaws, by which both sides of the shanks of a boot of shoe can be clamped and held at the same time."
Date: March 29, 1870
Creator: Maund, William
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Sulky Plows (open access)

Improvement in Sulky Plows

Patent for the improvement of sully plows by regulating the depth of furrow.
Date: April 5, 1870
Creator: Boyd, John G. & Bailey, Allen
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Furnaces. (open access)

Improvement in Furnaces.

Patent for improvements in furnaces, using steam to create heat. It includes a description and illustration.
Date: April 12, 1870
Creator: Morris, Joseph R.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Saws. (open access)

Improvement in Saws.

Patent for improvement in saws by way of the construction of beveled edged teeth with concave sides.
Date: April 26, 1870
Creator: Littlepage, C. V.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Refining and Ageing Liquors. (open access)

Improvement in Refining and Ageing Liquors.

Patent for improvement in refining and ageing liquors, including an illustration. The process includes expelling air from distilled liquors, heating them to a boiling point and then cooling them in a waterbath, through the use of a closed, air-tight vessel surrounded by an open water-vessel.
Date: May 10, 1870
Creator: Gilman, Samuel H.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Baling Presses. (open access)

Improvement in Baling Presses.

Patent for improvements to "the construction and combination of the levers, rack-bars, and pawls with each other, and with the follower and baling-box" (lines 15-17).
Date: May 10, 1870
Creator: Stroud, Bryant F.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvements in Electric Foot Warmers. (open access)

Improvements in Electric Foot Warmers.

Patent for adjustments in the mechanics of electric foot warmers.
Date: May 17, 1870
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Pitmen. (open access)

Improvement in Pitmen.

Patent for "a new and and useful Improvment in Crank and Pitman;" (lines 3-5) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 17, 1870
Creator: Kealy, Thomas
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Ox-Bows. (open access)

Improvement in Ox-Bows.

Patent for improvements to ox-bows so that they "shall not require bending, and which may be made in parts of the country where timber suitable for bending is scarce" (lines 9-12).
Date: May 24, 1870
Creator: Moore, Alfred L. D.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improved Head-Rest. (open access)

Improved Head-Rest.

Patent for a new and improved head-rest for railroad-car seats and other seats, that can be applied to or removed from the back of seats without the use of clamp-screws, and are adjustable and adaptable to the convenience and comfort of different persons. It includes a description and illustrations.
Date: May 31, 1870
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Drawing Off Tallow, Lard &c., from Rendering-Tanks. (open access)

Improvement in Drawing Off Tallow, Lard &c., from Rendering-Tanks.

Patent for a new method for drawing off tallow, lard, etc. from pressure tanks by introducing water. This includes illustrations.
Date: June 7, 1870
Creator: Archer, John H.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in Combined Sower, Planter, Cultivator, Scraper, and Gang-Plow. (open access)

Improvement in Combined Sower, Planter, Cultivator, Scraper, and Gang-Plow.

Patent for "a strong, simple, durable, and effective machine, which shall be so constructed and arranged that it may be readily adjusted for use as a gang plow, seed-sower, seed-planter, cultivator, and cotton-scrape, and which will do its work thoroughly and well in either capacity." Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: June 7, 1870
Creator: Eddleman, James P.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Improvement in treating grain to obtain extractive matter for coloring and flavoring spirits. (open access)

Improvement in treating grain to obtain extractive matter for coloring and flavoring spirits.

Patent for "Improvement in the Mode of extracting Flavors from Grain." (lines 3-4)
Date: June 14, 1870
Creator: Gilman, Samuel H.
System: The Portal to Texas History
Boiler Washing Machine. (open access)

Boiler Washing Machine.

Patent for "Improved Washing Machine" in combination with a boiler, "and with a furnace on which the boiler rests".
Date: June 28, 1870
Creator: Cottingham, Gideon W.
System: The Portal to Texas History